Summary of Trends
- Healthy life expectancy at birth: A new methodology means change over time cannot be measured, but there continues to be inequalities in both relative and absolute terms.
- Premature Mortality (all causes, under 75 years): since 2006, inequalities have been stable in relative terms, and have fallen in absolute terms.
- Mental Wellbeing (WEMWBS): inequalities are increasing in absolute terms but remain stable in relative terms.
- Low birthweight: inequalities are narrowing in both absolute and relative terms.
- Hospital admissions for heart attack (under 75 years): over time inequalities have fluctuated in both absolute and relative terms, but with no clear long-term trend
- Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) deaths (45-74 years): inequalities are narrowing in absolute terms and, following a long-term increase, have begun to stabilise in relative terms.
- Cancer incidence (under 75 years): over the long term, inequalities are stable in both absolute and relative terms.
- Cancer deaths (45-74 years): over the long term there has been a slight increase in relative inequality, although this has been more stable since 2004. Absolute inequalities have fluctuated over time with no clear trend.
- Alcohol - first hospital admission (under 75 years): the level of absolute inequality has fallen since 2007, while relative inequality has remained stable over the same period.
- Alcohol - deaths (45-74 years): inequalities have reduced since a peak in 2006 in both relative and absolute terms, but remain higher than in 1998.
- All-cause mortality (15-44 years): inequalities have grown in relative terms over the long term, but have stabilised in recent years. Absolute inequality shows no clear trend over the time.
Email: John Dowens
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