Physical intervention in schools: draft guidance
We are consulting on this draft schools guidance "Included, engaged and involved part 3" which takes a relationship and rights based approach to physical intervention in Scottish schools.
Annex G: Dataset for recording restraint
The key information that should be recorded following the use of any form of restraint is outlined below. This is not a recording form, however, it can be used to update existing recording forms to improve local data collection. Education authorities may wish to consider updating their Privacy Notices to ensure they reflect the processing of any additional special category personal data.
Decisions on which member of staff completes the record would be agreed locally with the recognised trade unions.
Reporter's name, position, school etc.
Date restraint recorded
Type of restraint. This includes physical restraint, mechanical restraint, seclusion, staff-led withdrawal
Date, time and duration (minutes) restraint was used
Time to report (days) (parents/carer and education authority/school managers/proprietor)
Exact location incident occurred
Child or young person involved, including: name, age, protected characteristics, additional support needs, health conditions
Does the child have a plan that has been agreed with parent/carers and appropriate staff?
Other person(s) involved
Name and position of staff involved
Detailed account of restraint, including:
- events leading up to restraint
- how did staff/child or young person respond?
- what happened afterwards?
Was the distressed behaviour related to an identified additional support need? If so, how?
Did anyone else observe the restraint? Please provide details.
Does the child or young person have a child's plan?
Was the plan followed?
If the plan was not followed, why? If followed, are there any changes required to the plan?
Were preventative approaches used (e.g. de-escalation or co-regulation strategies)?
Were the members of staff involved trained in the safe use of restraint?
Why was restraint used?
Additional information for staff-led withdrawal (without consent) and seclusion recording
Was the child or young person physically moved to another place? If so, who took the decision, how were they moved and where to?
Was the child or young person prevented from leaving? If so, how and for what reason?
Was the child or young person supervised during this time? By whom? Were they in the same room as the child or young person?
How long did the child or young person spend in this situation (in minutes)?
Comment on how the child or young person responded while in this situation and when they returned to class.
Was Harm Caused?
Were there any visible or apparent physical injuries as a result of the restraint?
If so, how were these attended to? Was this recorded?
Were child protection procedures initiated? If so, which agencies were informed?
Was an investigation carried out in line with the agreed disciplinary procedures? Detail outcome.
Was post incident support provided to the child or young person/s involved?
Confirm that the record has been authorised by senior manager
What monitoring and ongoing assessment are in place?
Further action to be taken following analysis by senior manager
Date restraint record closed
Post incident review
The key information that should be recorded during any post-incident learning review discussion is listed below.
Post incident learning review (following de-escalation, co-regulation, withdrawal or restraint) - staff and child or young person
Summarise the child or young person and staff learning review discussion, including child's view, where gathered, agreed follow up support and actions
When did the discussions take place?
Who conducted the discussions?
Describe agreed actions?
Was the child's plan updated?
Has the child's plan been reviewed to take account of changes required'?
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