The Impact of Welfare Reform in Scotland - Tracking Study - Year 1 Report

The aim of the study is to explore the impact of on-going welfare changes on a range of households in Scotland over time. This report provides the findings from the first year of the study by presenting results from the first two sweeps of interviews. Sweep 1 took place from September 2013 to January 2014 and sweep 2 took place from April 2014 to July 2014

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2. A description of this, and the other benefits and tax credits referred to in this report, can be found in Appendix 2.

3. All statistics presented are the most recent at time of writing.

4. The DWP defines this subset as: Bereavement Allowance, Carer's Allowance, Disability Living Allowance, Employment and Support Allowance (from November 2008), Incapacity Benefit, Income Support, Jobseeker's Allowance and Widow's Benefit.

5. Only those in the Work Related Activity Group are subject to sanctions; those in the Support Group are not.

6. Source: DWP tabulation tool,

7. Source: DWP tabulation tool,

8. Source: Stat-Xplore,

9. Source: Stat-Xplore,

10. Source: DWP Stat-Xplore,

11. Note that these figures refer to the most recent data available, which varies from November 2013 to March 2014 depending on the benefit.


13. Although the sanctions regime would also come into this category, none of the participants in this study had received a sanction, therefore it is not possible to discuss the impact of sanctions.

14. See for details: (Accessed 28 September 2014)

15. Lone parents claiming Income Support attend Work-Focused Interviews at the Jobcentre with dedicated lone parent advisors, but those claiming JSA do not receive this specialised support.

16. After an initial 13 week period of claiming ESA, claimants are required to attend a WCA, which assesses the impact of the claimant's condition on their ability to work. The results of this assessment are passed to the DWP to determine eligibility for ESA.

17. The Equality Act (2010) and guidance explicitly considers difficulty carrying out activities associated with toileting, or caused by frequent minor incontinence, when defining a person covered by the Act and hence employer responsibilities.


Email: Communities Analytical Services

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