How Will We Deliver Our Plan?
6. This plan will help our health and social care system evolve, building on the excellence of NHS Scotland, recognising the critical role that services beyond the health sector must play and is ultimately fit for the challenges facing us. What that will look like for individuals is described in more detail in Appendix 1. We must prioritise the actions which will have the greatest impact on delivery. We will focus on three areas, often referred to as the 'triple aim':
- we will improve the quality of care for people by targeting investment at improving services, which will be organised and delivered to provide the best, most effective support for all (' better care');
- we will improve everyone's health and wellbeing by promoting and supporting healthier lives from the earliest years, reducing health inequalities and adopting an approach based on anticipation, prevention and self-management (' better health'); and
- we will increase the value from, and financial sustainability of, care by making the most effective use of the resources available to us and the most efficient and consistent delivery, ensuring that the balance of resource is spent where it achieves the most and focusing on prevention and early intervention (' better value').
7. We need to ensure that everyone receives the right help at the right time, not just now, but in the years to come as our society continues to change. That requires a change in our approach to medicine and in how and where the services that support our health are delivered. First, we need to move away from services 'doing things' to people to working with them on all aspects of their care and support. People should be regularly involved in, and responsible for, their own health and wellbeing.
8. Ultimately, individuals and where appropriate, their families - should be at the centre of decisions that affect them. They should be given more freedom, choice, dignity and control over their care. Care planning should anticipate individuals' health and care needs - both by helping those with chronic and other complex conditions to manage their needs more proactively, and by focusing on a prevention and early intervention approach to supporting health throughout people's lives. This is not always a question of 'more' medicine, but making sure that support fits with, and is informed by, individual needs. Success should be measured by better outcomes for individuals, not simply on whether processes and systems have been followed. As set out in the Healthcare Quality Strategy for Scotland  , it is an approach to health rooted in the principles of care that is person-centred, safe and effective.
9. We need services that have the capacity, focus and workforce to continue to address the increasing pressures of a changing society. Our approach to primary and community care on the one hand, and acute and hospital services on the other, should support the critical health challenges our society faces, not least with respect to an ageing population. For our Community Health Service, that will mean everyone should be able to see a wider range of professionals more quickly, working in teams. For acute and hospital services, it will mean thinking differently about how some health and care services are delivered if we are to ensure people receive high-quality, timely and sustainable support for their needs throughout their lives.
10. To improve the health of Scotland, we need a fundamental move away from a 'fix and treat' approach to our health and care to one based on anticipation, prevention and self-management. The key causes of preventable ill health should be tackled at an early stage. There must be a more comprehensive, cross-sector approach to create a culture in which healthy behaviours are the norm, starting from the earliest years and persisting throughout our lives. The approach must acknowledge the equal importance of physical and mental health as well as the need to address the underlying conditions that affect health.
11. This can only be done by health and other key public sector services (such as social care and education) working together systematically. All services must be sensitive to individual health and care needs, with a clear focus on early intervention. Moreover, it will not just be what services can provide, but what individuals themselves want and what those around them - not least families and carers - can provide with support. Services need to be designed around how best to support individuals, families and their communities and promote and maintain health and healthy living.
12. Better value means more than just living within our means; it means improving outcomes by delivering value from all our resources. It is not just about increasing the efficiency of what we currently do, but doing the right things in different ways. This will demand an integrated approach to the components of the delivery plan so that the whole approach and its constituent parts are understood and joined up.
13. Critical to this will be shifting the balance of where care and support is delivered from hospital to community care settings, and to individual homes when that is the best thing to do. Good quality community care should mean less unscheduled care in hospitals, and people staying in hospitals only for as long as they need specific treatment.
14. Taking full account of the current pressures on primary and community services, we need to redesign those services around communities and ensure that they have the right capacity, resources and workforce. At the same time, people should look to improved and sustainable services from hospitals.
15. We need to free up capacity in hospitals and acute care, allowing for specialist diagnostic and elective centres to provide better-quality services to people and potentially changes to be made to the location of some services. Services should be organised and delivered at the level where they can provide the best, most effective service for individuals. Regional - and in some case, national - centres of expertise and planning should develop for some acute services to improve patient care. The governance structures of all our NHS Boards should support these changes and maximise 'Once for Scotland' efficiencies for the kind of functions all health services need to deliver. That doesn't mean structural change to NHS Boards responsible for the delivery of services to our patients but it does mean that they must work more collaboratively and across boundaries.
16. Evolving our services must also be rooted in a widespread culture of improvement. Sustainable improvements in care, health and value will only be achieved by a strong and continued focus on innovation, improvement and accountability across the whole health and social care workforce.
17. Our health and care system has achieved a great deal in the last ten years using improvement methods which are data rich, engaging of leaders and frontline staff, and outcome driven. The Scottish Patient Safety Programme  is a good example of what this approach can deliver. While work in safety, efficiency and person-centred care has been planned and led centrally, the improvement has been local. The NHS Scotland workforce is crucial to this, and teams released to test and measure have already produced globally recognised improvements for Scotland's patients, families and carers.
18. We will build on the extensive investment in improvement skills and capacity across the health service to continue testing and measuring changes to improve care, supported by the dedicated expertise of Healthcare Improvement Scotland.
19. In meeting the triple aim, our ambition is not about a single strand of work or necessarily about commissioning a new series of projects. Indeed, much of the work is already underway. It is about making sure the different components of change work together to achieve the interlinked aims of better care, better health and better value at pace. Across those different aims, our actions are being driven by four major programmes of activity:
- health and social care integration;
- the National Clinical Strategy  ;
- public health improvement; and
- NHS Board reform.
20. Taken together, these changes in health and social care will bring long-term sustainability of our services and the continuing improvement of the nation's health and wellbeing. They are underpinned by a series of cross-cutting, thematic programmes of activity, which are also set out below.
Health and social care integration
21. Optimising and joining up balanced health and care services, whether provided by
NHS Scotland, local government or the third and independent sectors, is critical to realising our ambitions. Integration of health and social care has been introduced to change the way key services are delivered, with greater emphasis on supporting people in their own homes and communities and less inappropriate use of hospitals and care homes. The people most affected by these developments, and for whom the greatest improvements can be achieved, are older people, people who have multiple, often complex care needs, and people at the end of their lives. Too often, older people, in particular, are admitted to institutional care for long periods when a package of assessment, treatment, rehabilitation and support in the community - and help for their carers - could better serve their needs.
22. For better integrated care to become a reality, the new Health and Social Care Partnerships must plan and deliver well-coordinated care that is timely and appropriate to people's needs. We are integrating health and social care in Scotland to ensure people get the right care, at the right time and in the right place, and are supported to live well and as independently as possible. An important aspect of this will be ensuring that people's care needs are better anticipated, so that fewer people are inappropriately admitted to hospital or long-term care. Consequently, we are focusing actions around three key areas: reducing inappropriate use of hospital services; shifting resources to primary and community care; and supporting capacity of community care.
Health and social care integration: actions
Reducing inappropriate use of hospital services
In 2017, we will:
- Ensure Health and Social Care Partnerships - with NHS Boards, local authorities and other care providers - make full use of their new powers and responsibilities to shift investment into community provision by reducing inappropriate use of hospital care and redesigning the shape of service provision across hospital, care home and community settings. This will be a key lever in shifting the focus of care across health and social care services.
- Agree with partners how to deliver an ambition of raising the performance of the whole of Scotland on delayed discharges from hospitals to the performance of the top quartile of local areas. This will be done as a step to achieving our wider commitments of eliminating delayed discharges, reducing unscheduled hospital care and shifting resources into primary and community care.
- By 2018, we aim to: Reduce unscheduled bed-days in hospital care by up to 10 percent (ie. by as many as 400,000 bed-days) by reducing delayed discharges, avoidable admissions and inappropriately long stays in hospital. A range of actions will be taken to achieve this, including improving links between secondary, primary and community care under integration, supported by further work to understand better and take action on the extent to which emergency admissions are currently inappropriate and avoidable. As a result, people should only stay in hospital for as long as necessary and get more appropriate care in a more homely setting. It will reduce growth in the use of hospital resources, support balance across NHS Board budgets and give clear impetus to the wider goal of the majority of the health budget being spent in the community by 2021 (as set out below). The annual reports produced by Health and Social Care Partnerships and regular monitoring data will enable progress to be tracked.
- By 2021, we aim to: Ensure that everyone who needs palliative care will get hospice, palliative or end of life care. All who would benefit from a 'Key Information Summary' will receive one - these summaries bring together important information to support those with complex care needs or long-term conditions, such as future care plans and end of life preferences. More people will have the opportunity to develop their own personalised care and support plan. The availability of care options will be improved by doubling the palliative and end of life provision in the community, which will result in fewer people dying in a hospital setting.
Shifting resources to the community
- By 2021, we will: Ensure Health and Social Care Partnerships increase spending on primary care services, so that spending on primary care increases to 11 percent of the frontline NHS Scotland budget. Again, the annual reports produced by Health and Social Care Partnerships and regular monitoring data will be used to assess progress.
Supporting the capacity of community care
- In 2017, we will: Continue to take forward a programme of work to deliver change in the adult social care sector, together with COSLA and other partners. This has begun with work to reform the National Care Home Contract, social care workforce issues and new models of care and support in home care. Reform of the National Care Home Contract will maintain the continuity, stability and sustainability of residential care provision while embedding greater local flexibility, maximising efficiency, improving quality, enhancing personalisation and promoting innovation. This national, consensus-based approach to improving social care will reinforce the ability of Health and Social Care Partnerships to match care and health support for individuals more quickly and more appropriately.
National Clinical Strategy
23. The National Clinical Strategy sets out a framework for developing health services across Scotland for the next 10-20 years. It envisages a range of reforms so that health care across the country can become a more coherent, comprehensive and sustainable high-quality service - one that is fit to tackle the challenges we face. At its heart is a fundamental change in the respective work of acute and hospital services and primary and community care, and a change in the way that medicine is approached. As a result, the Strategy aims to:
- strengthen primary and community care;
- improve secondary and acute care; and
- focus on realistic medicine.
Primary and community care
24. Community and hospital-based care needs to be integrated and rebalanced to ensure that local health services are more responsive and supportive to the needs of individuals, not least those with chronic conditions who would be better supported in primary and community care. That requires reforming the latter to deliver a stronger, better resourced and more flexible service for people. We are also working to address the current workload pressures and recruitment challenges facing many GP practices and cannot simply result in a crude redistribution of pressures between different parts of the health service. To do this, we must:
- support individuals, families and carers to understand fully and manage their health and wellbeing, with a sharper focus on prevention, rehabilitation and independence;
- expand the multi-disciplinary community care team with extended roles for a range of professionals and a clearer leadership role for GPs;
- develop and roll out new models of care that are person- and relationship-centred and not focused on conditions alone;
- enable those waiting for routine check-up or test results to be seen closer to home by a team of community health care professionals, in line with the work of the Modern Outpatient Programme  in hospitals (as detailed later);
- ensure the problems of multiple longer-term conditions are addressed by social rather than medical responses, where that support is more appropriate; and
- reduce the risk of admission to hospital through evidence-based interventions, particularly for older people and those with longer-term conditions.
We will achieve this by building up capacity in primary and community care and supporting development of new models of care.
Primary and community care: actions
Building up capacity in primary and community care
- In 2017, we will: Continue the investment in recruitment and expansion of the primary care workforce which began in 2016, and which will mean that, by 2022, there will be more GPs, every GP practice will have access to a pharmacist with advanced clinical skills and 1,000 new paramedics will be in post. This will reinforce the workforce and the capacity of primary and community care to support our services for the future and will be done in line with our National Health and Social Care Workforce Plan (as discussed later).
By 2018, we aim to:
- Have increased health visitor numbers with a continued focus on early intervention for children through addressing needs identified through the Universal Health Visiting Pathway  , which started in 2016. As a result of this, every family will be offered a minimum of 11 home visits including three child health reviews by 2020, ensuring that children and their families are given the support they need for a healthier start in life.
- Have commenced Scotland's first graduate entry programme for medicine. This will focus on increasing the supply of doctors to rural areas and general practices more generally.
- By 2020, we aim to: Have implemented the recommendations of the Improving Practice Sustainability Short Life Working Group, the GP Premises Short Life Working Group and the GP Cluster Advisory Group. These actions will support more sustainable GP practices over the long term and build stronger links to Health and Social Care Partnerships, ensuring that the changes in primary care are both effective and sustainable.
By 2021, we aim to:
- Have strengthened the multi-disciplinary workforce across health services. We will agree a refreshed role for district nurses by 2017, train an additional 500 advanced nurse practitioners by 2021 and create an additional 1,000 training places for nurses and midwives by 2021. This will build on four successive increases in student nursing and midwifery intakes to meet additional demand, especially in primary and community settings.
- Have increased the number of undergraduates studying medicine by 250 as a result of the 50 additional places in Scotland's medical schools introduced in 2016.
- Have increased spending on primary care and GP services by £500 million by the end of the current parliament so that it represents 11 percent of the frontline budget. This is a fundamental change in how health resources are directed and will enable the critical shift in balance to primary and community care.
Supporting new models of care
In 2017, we will:
- Negotiate a new landmark General Medical Services contract, as a foundation for developing multi-disciplinary teams and a clearer leadership role for GPs.
- Test and evaluate the new models of primary care in every NHS Board, which will be funded by £23 million, and disseminate good practice with support from the Scottish School of Primary Care. These new models of care will include developing new, effective approaches to out-of-hours services and mental health support, and are essential for moving to a more person- and relationship-centred approach to individual care across the whole of Scotland.
- Taken forward the recommendations from the Review of Maternity and Neonatal Services  and progress actions across all aspects of maternity and neonatal care.
- Launch Scotland's Oral Health Plan, following consultation, as part of a comprehensive approach to modernise dentistry and improve the oral health of the population through a prevention and early intervention approach.
By 2018, we will:
- Have rolled out the Family Nurse Partnership programme nationally to provide targeted support for all eligible first-time teenage mothers. This will give intensive support to mothers and their children and give their health and wellbeing a strong start.
Secondary and acute care
25. People should only be in hospital when they cannot be treated in the community and should not stay in hospital any longer than necessary for their care. This will mean reducing inappropriate referral, attendance and admission to hospital, better signposting to ensure the right treatment in a timely fashion, and reducing unnecessary delay in individuals leaving hospital. Addressing admission to, and discharge from, hospitals will be the responsibility of Health and Social Care Partnerships; but all partners will need to work together to reduce the levels of delayed discharges, ensure services are in place to facilitate early discharge and avoid preventable admissions in the first place.
26. At the same time, within hospitals, more needs to be done to ensure better outcomes for people, while making a more effective use of resources. There is increasing evidence that better outcomes are achieved for people when complex operations are undertaken by specialist teams and some services are planned and delivered on a population basis. This might mean some services currently delivered at a local level would produce better outcomes for people if delivered on a wider basis. This kind of service change needs to be accompanied by investment in new, dedicated facilities to ensure that the capacity for high-quality, sustainable services can be delivered at the appropriate level.
27. To achieve this we will take intensive and coordinated action in several key areas of secondary and acute care: reducing unscheduled care; improving scheduled care; and improving outpatients.
Secondary and acute care: actions
Reducing unscheduled care
In 2017, we will:
- Complete the roll out of the Unscheduled Care Six Essential Actions  across the whole of acute care. Through improving the time-of-day of discharge, increasing weekend emergency discharges and a more effective use of electronic information in hospitals, we will enhance a patient's journey at each stage through the hospital system and back into the community without delay.
- Undertake a survey on admission and referral avoidance opportunities. This will give a strong evidence base to target modelling for how to reduce unscheduled care through integrated primary and secondary care services.
Improving scheduled care
In 2017, we will:
- Put in place new arrangements for the regional planning of services. The National Clinical Strategy sets out an initial analysis of which clinical services might best be planned and delivered nationally and regionally, based on evidence supporting best outcomes for the populations those services will serve. This is a critical first step towards strengthening population-based planning arrangements for hospital services, working across Scotland. NHS boards will work together through three regional groups. In 2018, the appropriate national and regional groups will set out how services will evolve over the next 15 to 20 years, in line with the National Clinical Strategy.
- Reduce cancellations and private care spend in scheduled care by rolling out the Patient Flow Programme from the current pilots across all NHS Boards. The Programme builds on the success of previous programmes - such as Day Surgery, Enhanced Recovery for Orthopaedics and Fracture Redesign - by increasing national and local capacity to use operations management techniques to improve care for patients. Four pilot boards are implementing improvement projects covering emergency and elective theatre operations, elective surgery planning and emergency medical patient flow. As this is expanded, it will introduce more responsive and efficient secondary care and reduce wastage and the unnecessary use of resources.
Secondary and acute care: actions - continued
By 2021, we will:
- Complete investment of £200 million in new elective treatment capacity and expanding the Golden Jubilee National Hospital. Overall, this investment will ensure that there is high-quality and adequate provision of elective care services to meet the needs of an ageing population.
- Complete investment of £100 million in cancer care to ensure: earlier detection with more rapid diagnosis and treatment; more and better care during and after treatment, taking account of what matters most to people with cancer; increased entry to clinical trials/research; and an evidence driven cancer intelligence system for clinicians and patients with access to near-to-real time information through care pathways. Addressing cancer in such a comprehensive way will target one of the critical health issues facing the population.
- By 2020, we aim to: Have reduced unnecessary attendances and referrals to outpatient services through the recently-published Modern Outpatient Programme. The aim is to reduce the number of hospital-delivered outpatient appointments by 400,000, reversing the year-on-year increase of new appointments. It will draw on the existing Delivering Outpatient Integration Together ( DOIT) Programme and other activities such as the Technology Enabled Care Programme to:
- give GPs greater access to specialist advice to reduce the time people wait to get appropriate treatment;
- use clinical decision support tools to reduce the amount of time people wait to get the right treatment;
- reduce the number of attendances for people with multiple issues through a holistic approach to their support and care;
- enable GPs to have more access to hospital-based tests so that people can be referred to the right clinician first time; and
- facilitate more return or follow-up appointments in non-hospital settings through virtual consultation from their own home.
28. We need to change our long-term approach to the role of medicine and medical interventions in our health and wellbeing. A new clinical paradigm, based on a 'realistic medicine' approach and backed by clinical leadership, will support people through informed, shared decision-making that better reflects their preferences and what matters most to them. There needs to a greater focus on the discussions that medical practitioners have with people about their care, and what different types of medical intervention can entail. Relationships between individuals and practitioners should be based on helping people understand options about their care and choose treatment according to their preferences.
29. At the same time, we must get better value out of medicine and medical interventions and find ways to reduce any unnecessary cost. Waste and variation in clinical practice need to be addressed, and we should also support the reliable implementation of effective interventions that are not currently being made available to people.
30. Consequently, we need to take forward actions that will strengthen relationships between professionals and individuals as well as reduce the unnecessary cost of medical action.
Realistic medicine: actions
Strengthening relationships between professionals and individuals
In 2017, we will:
- Refresh our Health Literacy Plan, Making It Easy  , to support everyone in Scotland to have the confidence, knowledge, understanding and skills we need to live well with any health condition we have.
- Review the consent process for patients in Scotland with the General Medical Council and Academy of Medical Royal Colleges and make recommendations for implementation from 2018 onwards. This is a key element in transforming the relationship between individuals and medical professionals.
By 2019, we aim to:
- Commission a collaborative training programme for clinicians to help them to reduce unwarranted variation. This will support a workforce that can find more effective and valued ways of delivering medicine.
- Refresh the Professionalism and Excellence in Medicine Action Plan  and align high-impact actions to realistic medicine.
Reducing the unnecessary cost of medical action
By 2018, we aim to:
- Incorporate the principles of realistic medicine as a core component of lifelong learning in medical education and mainstream the principles of realistic medicine into medical professionals' working lives at an early stage.
By 2019, we aim to:
- Develop a Single National Formulary to further tackle health inequalities by reducing inappropriate variation in medicine use and cost and reduce the overall cost of medicine.
Public health improvement
31. Scotland's ability to respond to infectious diseases and other risks to health matches and, in some cases, exceeds that of much of the developed world. But in common with many developed societies, we face greater challenges to public health arising from lifestyle behaviours, wider social-cultural factors that prevent positive health choices being made and a modern environment that impacts on the health and wellbeing of individuals, families and communities. There are many social determinants which impact on health and wellbeing, including those that can affect us from our earliest years throughout our lives, such as Adverse Childhood Experiences. We need to increase public and service knowledge and awareness of where avoidable harm can be reduced, including a wider understanding of both physical and mental health and the right actions to promote and strengthen healthy lifestyles.
32. This requires a concerted, sustained and comprehensive approach to improving population health through targeting particular health behaviours, acting to reduce avoidable harm and illnesses and taking a population- and lifetime-wide approach to prevention and early intervention treatment. We will:
- create a clear set of national public health priorities for Scotland as a whole and streamline the currently cluttered public health landscape;
- develop and build on our sustained approach to addressing the key public health issues of alcohol and tobacco misuse and diet and obesity;
- drive forward a new approach to mental health that ensures support and treatment are mainstreamed across all parts of the health service - and beyond - and is not simply the responsibility of specialist services, working within the framework of a new 10-year mental health strategy to be published in early 2017; and
- support a More Active Scotland  .
Public health improvement: actions
Supporting national priorities
- In 2017, we aim to: Set national public health priorities with SOLACE and COSLA, that will direct public health improvement across the whole of Scotland. This will establish the national consensus around public health direction that will inform local, regional and national action.
- By 2019, we aim to: Support a new, single, national body to strengthen national leadership, visibility and critical mass to public health in Scotland. Such a body will have a powerful role in driving these national priorities and providing the evidence base to underpin immediate and future action.
- By 2020, we aim to: Have set up local joint public health partnerships between local authorities, NHS Scotland and others to drive national public health priorities and adopt them to local contexts across the whole of Scotland. This will mainstream a joined-up approach to public health at a local level.
Supporting key public health issues
In 2017, we will:
- Continue delivery of the ambitious targets set out in our 2013 Strategy, Creating a Tobacco Free Generation  , including reducing smoking rates to less than 5 percent by 2034. We will implement legislation to protect more children from secondhand smoke and reduce smoking in hospital grounds.
- Refresh the Alcohol Framework  , building on the progress made so far across the key areas of: reducing the harms of consumption; supporting families and communities; encouraging positive attitudes and choices; and supporting effective treatment. A key part of the Framework is the introduction of a minimum unit price for alcohol and we will work towards its implementation at the earliest opportunity, subject to the current legal proceedings. This will combine into a highly ambitious approach to reducing alcohol harm in Scotland.
- Consult on a new strategy on diet and obesity. There are huge preventable costs to NHS Scotland and society associated with poor diet, as one of the critical health issues we are facing, and it requires a different approach to diet and obesity.
- Introduce the Active and Independent Living Improvement Programme which will support people of all ages and abilities to live well, be physically active, manage their own health conditions, remain in or return to employment, and live independently at home or in a homely setting.
- By 2021, we will: Deliver the Maternal and Infant Nutrition Framework with a focus on improving early diet choices and driving improvements in the health of children from the earliest years. This will include: by 2017, rolling out universal vitamins to all pregnant women; by 2019, consolidating best practice and evidence on nutritional guidance for pregnancy up to when children are aged 3, and developing a competency framework to promote and support breastfeeding; and by 2020, have integrated material into training packages for core education and continuing professional development.
Supporting mental health
- By 2018, we will: Improve access to mental health support by rolling out computerised cognitive behavioural therapy services nationally.
By 2019, we will:
- Have evaluated the most effective and sustainable models of supporting mental health in primary care, and roll these out nationally by 2020.
- Have rolled out nationally targeted parenting programmes for parents of 3- and 4-year olds with conduct disorder.
By 2020, we will:
- Have improved access to mental health services across Scotland, increased capacity and reduced waiting times by improving support for greater efficiency and effectiveness of services, including Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services and psychological therapies. This will be accompanied by a workforce development programme and direct investment to increase capacity of local services.
- Have delivered new programmes promoting better mental health among children and young people across the whole of Scotland.
- By 2021, we will: Have invested £150 million to improve services supporting mental health through the actions set out in the 10-year strategy.
Supporting a More Active Scotland
- In 2017, we will: Publish a new delivery plan to support the Active Scotland Outcomes Framework and the Vision for a More Active Scotland, with greater action to address inequalities in physical activity across Scotland and a refocusing of resources.
- By 2019, we will: Have embedded the National Physical Activity Pathway in all appropriate clinical settings across the health care system, ensuring that:
- hospitals routinely support patients and staff to be more physically active;
- we build on our success in schools, creating a culture of being active within children and young people. This will include rolling out the Daily Mile, extending the number of school sports awards, strengthening the Active Schools network creating more quality opportunities and supporting more active travel to and from school;
- all partners stay on track for delivering 200 Community Sports Hubs, providing local places for communities to be active designed by themselves around their own needs; and
- we continue to build on the legacy of the 2014 Commonwealth Games using the European Championships in Glasgow in 2018 to encourage more Scots to be active.
NHS Board reform
33. As the NHS moves into this new and changing delivery environment, we need our health bodies and governance models to reflect those changes and support the delivery for the people of Scotland. Our reform focus will continue to be on providing quality care for people, a shift towards prevention and early intervention, and making best use of our resources, rather than on structures and bureaucracy. Governance arrangements will only adjust to support this shift if required - i.e. the 'form' of governance would follow the 'function' of service planning and delivery. Any such changes would have to meet two tests. Firstly, that the changes were better able to respond to the needs of local communities. Secondly, that the changes would have to ensure better collaboration between NHS boards and, additionally, improve how our NHS works with providers of other public services to secure better outcomes for people.
34. We will also build on the work that has already taken place through a 'Once for Scotland' approach to provide efficient and consistent delivery of functions and prioritise those non-patient facing services which make sense to be delivered on a national basis. The approach will consider the differing needs across Scotland, and will be, for example, 'island-proofed' as part of the Scottish Government's wider commitment on recognising the distinct nature of island communities. Our territorial and patient facing national boards such as the Ambulance Service and NHS 24 must be allowed to focus on delivery of the "triple aim" of better care, better health and better value.
NHS Board reform: actions
In 2017, we will:
- Review the functions of existing national NHS Boards to explore the scope for more effective and consistent delivery of national services and the support provided to local health and social care system for service delivery at regional level. As part of this, clear guidance will be put in place to NHS Boards that their Local Delivery Plans for 2017/18 must show their contributions to driving the work of this delivery plan, not least their contributions in support of the regional planning of clinical services.
- Ensure that NHS Boards expand the 'Once for Scotland' approach to support functions - potentially including human resources, financial administration, procurement, transport and others. A review will be completed in 2017, and new national arrangements put in place from 2019.
- Start a comprehensive programme to look at leadership and talent management development within NHS Scotland. This will ensure that current leaders are equipped to drive the changes required in health and social care, but it will also ensure sustainability of approach by identifying the next cohort of future leaders of
35. Improvements will be driven by the key components set out above, but they will need to be supported by a series of cross-cutting sets of actions. These are the key programmes of work which will inform all the change set out here:
- our approach to improving the services for children and young people through Getting It Right For Every Child;
- the National Health and Social Care Workforce Plan;
- the review of health and social care targets.
- a focus on research and development, innovation and digital health; and
- a robust approach to engagement.
Getting It Right For Every Child
36. The principles of our Getting It Right For Every Child  approach to improving services for children and young people are simple: more effective and widespread prevention and early intervention; better cooperation amongst professionals and between them, the child or young person, and their family; and a holistic approach to addressing a child's wellbeing. In addition to actions included in the main components of work above, we will drive this agenda through: continued implementation of Children and Young People (Scotland) Act 2014  , in particular, the Named Person and the Child's Plan; and developing a new Child and Adolescent Health and Wellbeing Strategy in 2017. This will form the cornerstone for a comprehensive approach to ensuring that all the factors affecting a child's or young person's health are regularly identified and supported with the individual, their family and, where appropriate, services.
National Health and Social Care Workforce Plan
37. Reform that delivers improved outcomes for patients can only happen with a committed, supported workforce that has the right skills, flexibility and support. Everyone Matters: 2020 Workforce Vision  sets out the health and social care workforce policy for Scotland, and a vision and values. The National Health and Social Care Workforce Plan will take forward the commitment to a sustainable workforce by establishing the priorities for action, assess current resources, and detail the actions to close the gap between what we have and what we will need to deliver high-quality, integrated and transformed services to those who need them. To be published in Spring 2017, the Plan will:
- align workforce planning more effectively with the different components of the delivery plan so that capacity challenges are identified at an early stage; and
- improve workforce planning practice to make clearer what should be planned at national, regional and local levels.
A short discussion paper outlining these arrangements, produced in consultation with key stakeholders, is attached at Appendix 2.
Review of health and social care targets
38. Targets can be instrumental in driving improvements in performance, but we need to ensure that performance is focused on improving outcomes for individuals and communities. Chaired by Sir Harry Burns, a national review is being conducted into the present suite of targets and indicators for health and social care. The review will work with service users, staff, professional bodies, and providers to ensure targets and performance indicators lead to the best outcomes for people being cared for, whether in hospital, primary care, community care or social care services. The interim report is expected in the Spring and the final report later in 2017.
Research and development, innovation and digital health
39. Research is central to all high-performing health systems, leading to better targeted and more personalised treatment and improved patient outcomes. Scotland has a solid track record as a health research nation and in winning competitively awarded research funds. Research and development (R&D) and innovation are core activities for our health and social care services in Scotland and development in health and social care will depend on the science and discovery that underpins it. Through NHS Research Scotland ( NRS), there is already a firm foundation of collaborative R&D partnership working successfully across NHS Scotland, academia and life-science industries. We will continue to invest in NRS to support health-related R&D, building on its model to drive a renewed effort in health innovation, as well as in Scottish Health Innovations Ltd to encourage, develop and appropriately commercialise innovative ideas and new technologies arising from within the health services. By 2018, we will also:
- create governance structures to support a new, coherent and concerted effort on the promotion and exploitation of health-related innovation and new technologies for the benefit of the whole health service;
- develop regional innovation clusters to translate cutting-edge research and innovation into excellent individual health care; and
- support innovation and technology capacity-building at national, regional and local levels by facilitating, encouraging and empowering those who work in health and care to identify innovation challenges and develop partnerships to deliver solutions.
40. Digital technology is key to transforming health and social care services so that care can become more person-centred. Empowering people to more actively manage their own health means changing and investing in new technologies and services, by, for example enabling everyone in Scotland to have online access to a summary of their Electronic Patient Record. The time is right to develop a fresh, broad vision of how health and social care service processes in Scotland should be further transformed making better use of digital technology and data. There is an opportunity to bring together all IT, digital services, tele-health and tele-care, business and clinical intelligence, predictive analytics, digital innovation and data use interests in health and social care. This will be taken forward through:
- a review led by international experts of our approach to digital health, use of data and intelligence, to be completed in 2017, which will support the development of world-leading, digitally-enabled health and social care services; and
- a new Digital Health and Social Care Strategy for Scotland, to be published in 2017, that will support a digitally-active population, a digitally-enabled workforce, health and social care integration, whole-system intelligence and sustainable care delivery.
41. Engagement with patients, service users, staff and their representatives, key stakeholders and volunteers is vital in delivering our plans. The public and all stakeholders must not only be aware of the broader context within which decisions about any service changes are taken over the coming years, but inform how those decisions are taken from a position of understanding both the challenges and opportunities facing us.
42. There has already been huge engagement in developing health and social care integration, realistic medicine and through the National Conversation on Creating a Healthier Scotland  . The latter alone reached over 9,000 people through 240 events and engagements and with over 360,000 inputs through digital and social channels. Building on this work, the Our Voice framework  has been developed in partnership with NHS Scotland, COSLA, the ALLIANCE and other third sector partners to support people to engage, with purpose, in improving health and social care. The framework builds on much of the good work already underway at individual and local level to hear the voices of patients, their families, carers and unpaid carers, and involve them in improvement. We will explore ways in which Our Voice can support engagement on the work of this delivery plan through use of methods such as the national citizens' panel and citizens' juries.
43. Key to this will also be building on existing engagement mechanisms to ensure that all those who will be critical in delivering this change are fully involved in planning how it will take place. Work will continue with delivery partners across the public sector on how to take forward the different existing components of the delivery plan's activity, and this will be accelerated in the context of ensuring that the links between different activities are identified and opportunities for joint working maximised.
44. At the same time, it will be essential that engagement with the NHS Scotland workforce around this agenda is robust and makes full use of the potential of the workforce to drive this change. Through developing the National Health and Social Care Workforce Plan and as part of wider professional engagement, we will work with relevant organisations and bodies to ensure that the workforce needs of the future are identified early and fully and the contributions of the workforce to these workstreams are properly supported. In recognition of the established partnership working model in NHS Scotland, we will develop this work further in collaboration with trade union and professional organisations.