Hate crimes recorded by the police in Scotland, 2022-23

This report presents updated information on the number of hate crimes recorded by the police in Scotland during 2022-23 (along with previously published time series analysis since 2014-15).

Hate crimes by crime type (Table 4)

In 2022-23, a majority (55%) of hate crimes recorded were ‘Threatening or abusive behaviour’ under Section 38 of the Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (Table 4) (see the earlier report for definitions of selected crimes). This was followed by ‘Racially aggravated conduct’ which represented 10% of hate crimes recorded and ‘Common Assault’ (also 10%).

‘Racially aggravated conduct’ covers some offences under Section 50A of the Criminal Law (Consolidation) (Scotland) Act 1995 where the perpetrator acts in a racially aggravated manner and this causes, or is intended to cause, a person alarm or distress. ‘Racially aggravated conduct’ is recorded where the behaviour is corroborated by one or more witnesses, otherwise an offence such as ‘Threatening or abusive behaviour’ with a racist aggravator would be recorded. As noted above, a further 10% of hate crimes recorded in the IVPD in 2022-23 were ‘Common assault’ (see the Annex in the earlier report  for more information on the definition of ‘Common assault’).

The total number of ‘Threatening or abusive behaviour’ offences recorded has increased from 2,432 in 2014-15 to 3,450 in 2022-23. Over the same period, the number of ‘Racially aggravated conduct’ offences recorded has fallen from 2,196 to 643.


Email: justice_analysts@gov.scot

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