Grouse Moor Management Group: report
Report to the Scottish Government from the independent Grouse Moor Management Group which looks at the environmental impact of grouse moor management practices and advises on the option of licensing grouse shooting businesses.
Annex 1: List of published sources
Background, Terms of Reference and Context
Brooker, R., Thomson, S., Matthews, K., Hester, A., Newey, S., Pakeman, R., Miller, D., Mell, V., Aalders, I., McMorran, R. & Glass, J. (2018). Socioeconomic and biodiversity impacts of driven grouse moors in Scotland: Summary Report. Scottish Government.
Elliot, A., Watt, J., Cooke, I. & Tabor, P. (2014). The land of Scotland and the common good. Report of the Land Reform Review Group presented to Scottish Ministers.
Fraser of Allander Institute (2010). An economic study of grouse moors. A report to the Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust, Scotland.
Higgins, P., MacMillan, D. & Whitman, A. (2002). Sporting estates and recreational land use in the highlands and islands of Scotland. Economic and Social Science Research Council, Swindon.
Joint Nature Conservation Committee (2006). Common standards monitoring guidelines for upland habitats, Peterborough.
Matthews, K., Miller, D., Mell, V. & Aalders, I. (2018). Socio-economic and biodiversity impacts of driven grouse moors in Scotland: Part 3. Use of GIS/remote sensing to identify areas of grouse moors, and to assess potential for alternative land uses. Scottish Government.
McMorran, R. (2009). Red grouse and the Tomintoul and Strathdon communities – The benefits and impacts of the grouse shooting industry from the rural community perspective; a case study of Strathdon and Tomintoul communities in the Cairngorm National Park. The Scottish Countryside Alliance Educational Trust, Commissioned report.
Mustin, K., Newey, S. & Slee, B. (2017). Towards the construction of a typology of management models of shooting opportunities in Scotland. Scottish Geographical Journal, 133(3-4), 214-232.
Scotland’s Moorland Forum (2011). The upland solution project final report. Scotland’s Moorland Forum, Locherbie.
Thomson, S., McMorran, R. & Glass, J. (2018). Socioeconomic and biodiversity impacts of driven grouse moors in Scotland: Part 1 Socio-economic impacts of driven grouse moors in Scotland. Scottish Government.
Tingay, R. & Wightman, A. (2018). A case for reforming Scotland’s driven grouse moors. Revive coalition.
Wightman, A. & Tingay, R.E. (2015). The intensification of grouse moor management in Scotland. League Against Cruel Sports.
Options for regulation
Austin, L. (2019) Grouse moor licensing in Scotland: Where next? Report for RSPB Scotland, Edinburgh.
McCarthy, D. & Morling, P. (2015). Using regulation as a last resort: Assessing the performance of voluntary approaches. Royal Society for the Protection of Birds: Sandy, Bedfordshire.
Pillai, A. & Turner, A. (2017). A Review of Game Bird Law and Licensing in Selected European Countries. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 942. Scottish Natural Heritage.
Reid, C.T. (2009). Nature Conservation Law (3rd edn). W Green, Edinburgh.
Scottish Government (2015). Report of Wildlife Crime Penalties (Poustie) Review Group.
Raptor persecution and predation
Amar, A., Court, I., Davison, M., Downing, S., Grimshaw, T., Pickford, T. & Raw, D. (2012). Linking life histories, remotely sensed land use data and wildlife crime records to explore the impact of grouse moor management on Peregrine Falcon populations. Biological Conservation, 145, 86-94.
Baines, D. & Richardson, M. (2013). Hen Harriers on a Scottish grouse moor: multiple factors predict breeding density and productivity. Journal of Applied Ecology, 50, 1397-1405.
Balmer, D.L., Gillings, S., Caffrey, B.J., Swann, B., Downie, I.S. & Fuller, R.J. (2013). Bird Atlas 2007-11: The Breeding and Wintering Birds of Britain and Ireland. BTO Books, Thetford.
Banks, A.N., Crick, H.Q.P., Coombes. R., Benn, S, Ratcliffe, D.A. & Humphreys, E.M. (2010). The breeding status of Peregrine Falcons Falco peregrinus in the UK and Isle of Man in 2002. Bird Study 57: 421-36.
Barker, A.W., Poxton, I.R. & Heavisides, A. (2017). Where have all the Merlins gone? A lament for the Lammermuirs. Scottish Birds, 37, 244-50.
Bibby, C. (1986). Merlins in Wales: site occupancy and breeding in relation to vegetation. Journal of Applied Ecology, 23, 1-12.
Bibby, C.J. & Etheridge, B. (1993). Status of the Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus in Scotland in 1988-89. Bird Study, 40, 1-11.
Bunnefeld, N., Redpath, S. & Irvine, J. (2015). A review of approaches to adaptive management. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 795. Scottish Natural Heritage.
Etheridge, B. & Summers, R.W. (2006). Movements of British Hen Harriers Circus cyaneus outside the breeding season. Bird Study, 23, 6-14.
Etheridge, B., Summers, R.W. & Green, R.E. (1997). The effects of illegal killing and destruction of nests by humans on the population dynamics of the Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus in Scotland. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34 1081-1105.
Evans, R.J., O’Toole, L. & Whitfield, D.P. (2012). The history of eagles in Britain and Ireland: an ecological review of place name and documentary evidence from the last 1500 years. Bird Study, 59, 335-49.
Ewing, S.R., Rebecca, G.W., Heavisides, A., Court, I.R., Lindley, P. Rudduck, M., Cohen, S. & Eaton, M.A. (2011). Breeding status of Merlins Falco columbarius in the UK in 2008. Bird Study, 58, 379-89.
Fielding, A., Haworth, P., Whitfield, P., McLeod, D. & Riley, H. (2011). A Conservation Framework for Hen Harriers in the United Kingdom. JNCC Report 441. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.
Fletcher, K., Aebischer, N., Baines, D., Foster, R. & Hoodless, A. (2010). Changes in breeding success and abundance of ground nesting moorland birds in relation to the experimental deployment of legal predator control. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 263-273.
Francksen, R.M., Whittingham, M.J., Ludwig, S.C., Roos, S. & Baines, D. (2017). Numerical and functional responses of Common Buzzard Buteo buteo on a Scottish grouse moor. Ibis, 159, 541-553
Francksen, R.M., Whittingham, M.J. & Baines, D. (2016a). Assessing prey provisioned to Common Buzzard Buteo buteo chicks: a comparison of methods. Bird Study, 63, 303-10.
Francksen, R.M., Whittingham, M.J., Ludwig, S. & Baines, D. (2016b). Winter diet of Common Buzzards on a Scottish grouse moor. Bird Study, 63, 525-32.
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Hodgson, I.D., Redpath, S.M., Fischer, A. & Young, J. (2018). Fighting talk: Organisational discourses of the conflict over raptors and grouse moor management in Scotland. Land Use Policy, 77, 332-343.
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Ludwig, S.C., Aebischer, N.J., Bubb, D., Richardson, M., Roos, S., Wilson, J.D. & Baines, D. (2018). Population responses of red grouse Lagopus scotica to expansion of heather Calluna vulgaris on a Scottish grouse moor. Avian conservation and Ecology, 13(2), 14.
Ludwig, S.C., Aebischer, N.J., Bubb, D., Roos, S. & Baines, D. (2018). Survival of chicks and adults explains variation in population growth in a recovering red grouse Lagopus lagopus scotica population. Wildlife Biology doi:10.2981/wlb.00430.
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Marquiss, M., Petty, S.J., Anderson, D.I.K. & Legge, G. (2003). Contrasting population trends of the Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) in the Scottish /English Borders and north-east Scotland. in Thompson, D.B.A., Redpath, S.M., Fielding, A.H., Marquiss, M. & Galbraith, C.A. (eds.) Birds of Prey in a changing environment, pp. 143-148. Scottish Natural Heritage/The Stationary Office, Edinburgh.
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Melling, T., Thomas, M., Price, M. & Roos, S. (2018). Raptor persecution in the Peak District National Park. British Birds, 1112, 275-90.
Milner, J.M. & Redpath, S.M. (2013). Building an evidence base for managing species conflict in Scotland. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 611. Scottish Natural Heritage.
Molenaar, F.M., Jaffe, J.E., Carter, I., Barnett, E.A., Shore, R.F., Rowcliffe, J.M. & Sainsbury, A.W. (2017). Poisoning of reintroduced Red Kites (Milvus milvus) in England. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 63(6), 94. DOI: 10.1007/s10344-017-1152-z.
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Redpath, S.M. & Thirgood, S.J. (1997). Birds of prey and Red Grouse. Stationery Office, London.
Redpath, S.M & Thirgood, S.J. (1999). Numerical and functional responses in generalist predators: Hen Harriers and Peregrines on Scottish grouse moors. Journal of Animal Ecology, 68, 879-892.
Redpath, S.M., Thirgood, S.J. & Leckie, F.M. (2001). Does supplementary feeding reduce predation of Red Grouse by Hen Harriers? Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 1157-68.
Redpath, S.M., Thirgood, S.J., Rothery, P. & Aebischer, N.J. (2000). Raptor predation and population limitation in Red Grouse. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 504-516.
Redpath, S., Amar, A., Madders, M., Leckie, F. & Thirgood, S. (2002). Hen harrier foraging success in relation to land use in Scotland. Animal Conservation, 5, 113-118.
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The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (2017) Birdcrime report, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sandy.
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Sansom, A., Etheridge, B., Smart, J. & Roos, S. (2016). Population modelling of North Scotland Red Kites in relation to the cumulative impacts of wildlife crime and wind farm mortality. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 904. Scottish Natural Heritage.
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Whitfield, D.P., Fielding, A.H., McLeod, D.R.A. & Haworth, P.F. (2003). The association of grouse moor in Scotland with the illegal use of poisons to control predators. Biological Conservation, 114, 157-163.
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Davies, G.M., Smith, A.A., MacDonald, A.J., Bakker, J.D. & Legg, C.J. (2010). Fire intensity, fire severity and ecosystem response in heathlands: factors affecting the regeneration of Calluna vulgaris. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 356-365.
Dick, J., Andrews, C., Beaumont, D.A., Benham, S., Dodd, N., Pallett, D., Rose, R., Scott, T., Smith, R., Schäfer, S.M., Turner, A. & Watson, H. (2016). Analysis of temporal change in delivery of ecosystem services over 20 years at long term monitoring sites of the UK Environmental Change Network. Ecological Indicators, 68, 115-125.
Douglas, D.J.T., Beresford, A., Selvidge, J., Garnett, S., Buchanan, G.M., Gullett, P. & Grant, M.C. (2017). Changes in upland bird abundances show associations with moorland management. Bird Study, 64, 242-254.
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