How were Capital Projects funded?
All of the funding referred to so far has been for day-to-day running costs, called ‘revenue spend’. In addition to that, councils also spend on longer-term capital projects, such as flood defences, town centre renewal and road building.
In the past this was funded by borrowing, with the Scottish Government providing a grant to fund repayments. But now the Scottish Government provides a Capital Grant to fund capital projects.
The Capital Grant was also distributed by means of a funding formula, based largely on population and road-length. Some funding was ring-fenced for specific projects such as flood defence.
In 2020-21 the Capital Grant was £778 million. Capital funding cannot be used on day-to-day running costs, but councils can use some of their revenue funding to pay for capital projects.