Energy Efficient Scotland programme: analysis of delivery mechanism

Report exploring how best to oversee the delivery of our programme to improve energy efficiency and promote low carbon heating in Scotland's homes and buildings.


1 Scottish Government, ‘The Fuel Poverty (Target, Definition and Strategy) (Scotland) Bill 2018’, June 2018.

2 Scottish Government definition.

3 Many “self-funded” households are capital constrained or may be at the margin of the fuel poor indicator / eligibility and therefore in practice have limited ability to self-finance energy efficiency retrofit.

4 The Green Book: appraisal and evaluation in central government.

5 Scottish Parliament, Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 (asp 12), Edinburgh (2009).

6 Scottish Government, ‘Climate Change Plan: The Third Report on Proposals and Policies 2018-2032’, February 2018.

7 Scottish Government, ‘Scottish Energy Strategy: The future of energy in Scotland’, December 2017.

8 Scottish Government, ‘Infrastructure Investment Plan 2015’, Edinburgh 2015.

9 Scottish Government, ‘Energy Efficient Scotland’ May 2018.

10 Scottish Government, ‘Scotland’s Economic Strategy’, March 2015, Pg. 4.

11 Scottish Government, ‘Scotland’s Energy Efficiency Programme: Second consultation on local heat & energy efficiency strategies, and regulation of district and communal heating’, November 2017.

12, accessed 22 October 2018.

13 Scottish Government, ‘Housing Statistics for Scotland – Key Information and Summary Tables’, September 2018,, [Accessed 2 October 2018].

14 Scottish Government, ‘Scottish House Condition Survey: 2016 Key Findings’, December 2017.

15 Note: totals may not add due to rounding.

16 Definition of fuel poor in this case is a household spending more than 10% of its income on household fuel use.

17 Definition of extreme fuel poverty: a household which spends more than 20% of its income on household fuel use.

18 Scottish Government, ‘Energy Efficient Scotland Consultation: Making our homes and buildings warmer, greener and more efficient’, May 2018.

19 Energy Saving Trust,, [Accessed 17 September 2018].

20 Zero Waste Scotland,, [Accessed 17 September 2018].

21 Scottish Environment Protection Agency,, [Accessed 17 September 2018].

22 Warmworks Scotland,, [Assessed 20 October 2018].

23 Carbon Trust,, [Accessed 17 September 2018].

24 Local Energy Scotland,, [Accessed 17 September 2018].

25 Ofgem,, [Accessed 17 September 2018].

26 SALIX,, [Accessed 17 September 2018].

27 Scottish Enterprise,, [Accessed 17 September 2018].

28 Scottish Housing Regulator,, [Accessed 17 September 2018].

29 Energy Savings Trust, ‘Energy Efficiency and Low Carbon Market Research’, October 2017.

30 COSLA,, [Accessed 19 September 2018].

31 Trading Standards Scotland,, [Accessed 19 September 2018].

32 Citizens Advice Scotland,, [Accessed 19 September 2018].

33 Heat Trust,, [Accessed 15 October 2018].

34 HM Treasury 2018. Guide to Developing the Programme Business Case. London: OGL. Page 18.

35 Ofgem, ‘Energy Companies Obligation (ECO) technical Monitoring Report’, December 2015.

36 Scottish Government: Seep – Programme Business Case.

37 Scottish Government: Energy Efficient Scotland consultation.

38 We further outlined these costs within the Financial Case.

39 Energy Company Obligation: Guidance for suppliers.

40 ECO Extension: Final Stage Impact Assessment.

41 Based on an estimated delivery cost of the entire EES programme budget of £8bn with an annual delivery cost of the course of the 20 year programme of £400m, 2018 prices. Assumptions rely on the expected roll out trajectory being fulfilled and subsequent delivery costs of the entire programme of delivery being met.

42 Costs calculated taking an upper (15%), Central (11%) and lower (7%) bound estimated burden of administrative costs of delivery.

43 Scottish Government: Publicly Owned Energy Company: Strategic Outline Case (SOC).

44 Strathclyde University: Potential Wider Economic Impacts of the Energy Efficient Scotland Programme.

45 Based on data taken from Scotland Energy Efficiency Database 2016, Figure 2c.

46 Based on data taken from Scotland Greenhouse Gas Emissions 2016, Full Revisions Tables.

47 Broadband Delivery UK.

48 BDUK: Evaluation of the Economic Impact and Public Value of the Superfast Broadband Programme.

49 Oxera: The UK’s National Broadband Scheme.

50 BEIS: Smart Meter Rollout Cost-Benefit Analysis.

51 Scottish Government: Public Energy Company.

52 The delivery body may also contract directly with supply chain participants, and with households and businesses (to define the terms on which financial assistance is provided. The extent and nature of these contractual relationships will need to be examined in the next iteration of the commercial case.

53 Scottish Government: Guidance on Establishment of New Public Bodies.

54 Scottish Government: Scottish Public Finance Module.

55 Scottish Government, ‘Consultation on the Energy Efficiency Standard for Social Housing post-2020 (EESSH2)’, May 2018.

56 Low Carbon Housing Retrofit, ‘Transforming homes from G to A’.

57 Scottish Government, ‘Private rented housing energy efficiency and condition standards: consultation’, April 2017.

58 Kirsten Gram-Hanssen (2014), ‘Retrofitting owner-occupied housing: remember

the people’, Building Research & Information, 42:4, 393-397.

59 Home Energy Efficiency Programmes for Scotland 2 – Warm Homes Scotland, 2017 Annual Review.

60 Scottish Government, ‘Consultation on Scotland’s Energy Efficiency Programme: Analysis of responses’, November 2017.

61 SMART targets are specific, measurable, agreed upon, realistic, and time-based.

62 [Accessed October 2018].

63 Scottish Government, ‘Energy Strategy – Scotland’s Energy Efficiency Programme (SEEP) National Infrastructure Priority for Energy Efficiency’, January 2017.

64 Production & Manufacturing Research, ‘Managing uncertainty through supply chain flexibility: reactive vs. proactive approaches’, 2014.

65 Institute of Export and International Trade,, [Accessed October 2018].

66 Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, ‘Heat Networks Investment Project Evaluation’, February 2018.

67 Hajivassiliou, V., & Savignac, F., ‘Financing constraints and a firm’s decision and ability to innovate: Novel approaches to coherency conditions in dynamic LDV models’, 2016.

68 Haines, H., Mitchell, V.(2014) A persona-based approach to domestic energy retrofit, Building Research & Information, 42:4, 462-476, DOI: 10.1080/09613218.2014.893161.

69 Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy & Department for Communities and Local Government, ‘Each Home Counts’, December 2016.

70 Ofgem, ‘Energy Companies Obligation (ECO) technical Monitoring Report’, December 2015.

71 John Gilbert Architects, ‘Mind The Gap’,, [Accessed 12 October 2018].

72 The Accounts Commission, ‘Local government in Scotland: Financial overview 2016/17’, November 2017.

73 Scottish Government, ‘Consultation on Heat and Energy Efficiency Strategies, and Regulation of District Heating: Analysis of Responses’, November 2017.



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