Publication - Research and analysis

International Development - national indicator development: research report

Published: 6 Nov 2020

The report outlines the research commissioned for the development of the indicator ‘Contribution of development support to other nations’ that forms part of the National Outcome ‘We are open, connected and make a positive contribution internationally’ in the refreshed National Performance Framework

87 page PDF

1.2 MB

87 page PDF

1.2 MB

Contents
International Development - national indicator development: research report
Annex F: Method for Calculating the Indicator

87 page PDF

1.2 MB

Annex F: Method for Calculating the Indicator

Introduction

This section provides the instructions for the calculation of the indicator components and their aggregation into the overall NPF indicator Contribution of development support to other nations.

1. Asylum seekers settled in Scotland per 100,000 population

National Statistics regional data on number of Asylum seekers in Scotland in reciept of Section 95 support is presented Quarterly. The 30 June figures are used to match mid-year population estimates.

Mid-year population estimates are published annually. Data is available from National Records of Scotland

The indicator is derived from:

number of asylum seekers in receipt of Section 95 support on 30 June/ x 100,000
mid-year population estimate

The index value for the year is calculated by:

Asylum seeker per 100,000 population in year X/
Asylum seekers per 100,000 population in baseline year = 67.27 x 100

2. HE Students in Scottish Institutions from DAC Least Developed Countries

Higher Education Statistics Agency provide data on HE student enrolments by domicile, level of study, mode of study, region of HE provider and academic year. The pivot data table can restrict region of HE provider to Scotland and covers all HE courses. The data is for academic years. Next update is expected in January 2020. The data can be accessed from Higher Education Statistics Agency.

A table including only students from the DAC least developed countries (see Annex E for a list) is produced. A second table for all non-EU students studying HE courses in Scotland is produced and these are combined to produce the proportion of all non-EU students from DAC LDCs:

Number of HE students from DAC least developed countries/
Number of all non-EU students studying HE courses in Scotland

The index value for the year is calculated by:

Proportion of students from DAC LDCs studying in Scotland in year X/
Proportion of students from DAC LDCs studying in Scotland in baseline year = 2.7% x 100

3. Proportion of total waste managed in Scotland

Data on the tonnage of waste from all sources managed by disposal, recycling or recovery in Scotland and on the total waste managed in Scotland and abroad is available from SEPA.

Data can be accessed online from Scotland's environment

The proportion of all waste managed in Scotland is calculated as:

Total waste managed in Scotland (Tonnes)/ x 100
Total waste managed in Scotland and abroad (Tonnes)

The index value for the year is calculated by:

Proportion of all waste managed in Scotland in year X/
Proportion of all waste managed in Scotland in baseline year = 87.2% x 100

4. Proportion of good imported from least developed ODA countries

Data on goods imports is available from UK Trade Info

Data is available for the Value of goods imports from least developed ODA countries in Scotland (£000's). This is expressed as a percentage of goods imported from all non-EU countries. In each case non-specific imports are excluded.

The indicator is calculated as follows:

Goods imports from least developed ODA countries in Scotland (£000s)/ x 100
Goods imports from all non-EU countries in Scotland (£000s)

The index value for the year is calculated by:

Proportion of imports from least developed ODA countries in Scotland in year X/
Proportion of imports from least developed ODA countries in Scotland in baseline year = 1.7% x 100

5. Total Payments and subsidies to Agricultural production

Data on the payments and subsidies to agricultural businesses can be sourced from The Scottish Government

Table 3: Total Farming Income 2005 to 2018 provides data on the value of payments and subsidies for agriculture in 2018 prices.

The index value for the year is calculated by:

Value of agricultural payments and subsidies in Scotland in year X £m/
Value of agricultural payments and subsidies in Scotland in baseline year = £489m x 100

Given that an increase in the value of agricultural payments and subsidies would imply a negative impact on policy coherence for sustainable development, we invert the index so that an increase in the level of payment and subsidy delivers a reduction in the index:

1/index value = inverse index

6. Percentage of total IDF spending that the sum of projects that report or should report on protected characteristics represent

We propose to mirror the protected characteristics under the Equality Act for the definition of 'vulnerable groups', adding relevant categories we already include in the Contribution of development report and found in definitions of vulnerable groups and vulnerability in the international literature. 'Vulnerable groups' are those characterised by age (esp. elderly people as well as children, esp. orphans), disability (mentally or physically disabled), sex (women), gender reassignment (LGBTI), marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief and sexual orientation (LGBTI) and also include: indigenous peoples, people with albinism as well as refugees, asylum seekers, migrant workers, internally displaced and stateless people.

The indicator component is defined as the proportion of annual IDF spending on projects explicitly targeting vulnerable groups as defined by the protected characteristics under Equality Act as well as indigenous peoples, people with albinism and refugees, asylum seekers, migrant workers, internally displaced and stateless people.

Percentage of total IDF spending that the sum of projects that report or should report on protected characteristics represent.

For 2018-2019:

Sum of the value of projects that report/should report on protected characteristics/ Total value of the Scottish Government's International Development funding x 100

The sum in GBP of spending out of the IDF budget of projects that report/should report on protected characteristics is 3.224.798 GBP out of a total of 8.292.750 GBP or 38.88%.

The index value for the year is calculated by:

Percentage of projects that report/should report on protected characteristics of total Scottish Government International Development funding in year 2018-2019 /
Percentage of projects that report/should report on protected characteristics of total Scottish Government International Development funding in baseline year = 100%

7. Percentage of ODA least developed countries research fundin of total research funding

Data on research funding and collaborator countries can be accessed from Gateway to Research covering all the major UK Research funding sources. Data on research collaborators is only available through application programming interfaces GtR and GtR-2.

The GtR data relates to total research funds awarded to the lead researcher in Scottish Institutions and can identify any research collaborators by country. It is necessary to identify the DAC least developed countries and sum total research awards for these. Funding is taken to be in the year the research project starts. The indicator is calculated as follows:

Total value of UKRI research funding for Scottish institutions involving partners in ODA least developed countries/ x 100
Total research funding to Scottish institutions

The index value for the year is calculated by:

Percentage of ODA least developed countries research funding of total research funding in year X /
Percentage of ODA least developed countries research funding of total research funding in baseline year = 5.46% x 100

8. Value of the Low Carbon and Renewable Energy Economy (LCREE) in Scotland

Data on the relative importance of the LCREE sector is avaiable from Office for National Statistics

This provides the total (direct and indirect) GVA for LCREE in Scotland in £bn. This is translated into a proportion of the size of the economy by dividing the LCREE by total GVA in the Scottish economy. Data can be accessed from The Scottish Government

The indicator is calculated as follows:

Size of LCREE GVA in Scotland (£bn)/ x 100
Size of the Scottish economy GVA in current prices (£bn)

The index value for the year is calculated by:

Proportion of LCREE of Scottish economy in year X/
Proportion of LCREE of Scottish economy in baseline year = 8.0% x 100

9. Combination of the indices into an overall index

The seven indices are combined using a simple geometric mean. This ensures that any significant variation in the individual indices does not dominate the overall index.

No weighting is employed and all indices make an equivalent contribution to the average.

The formula for the geometric mean is:

7 √Index1 x Index2 x Index3 x Index4 x Index5 x Index6 x Index7


Contact

Email: socialresearch@gov.scot