Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): best practice guide

This document is for healthcare professionals and patients to show how this condition could be best managed from the unscheduled care perspective.


1. National Records of Scotland. Future projections based on 2014 population estimates.

2. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Services – Clinical Standards. Healthcare Improvement Scotland, March 2010 (

3. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Adults – Clinical Guideline 101. National Institute for Clinical Excellence 2016 (

4. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: definition – World Health Organization 2017 (

5. Realising Realistic Medicine: Chief Medical Officer's Report. The Scottish Government 2016 (

6. Towards 2020: Taking Care to the Patient. Scottish Ambulance Service 2016 (

7. Willgoss TG & Yohannes AM. (2013) Anxiety disorders in patients with COPD: a systematic review. Respir Care; 58(5): 858-66.

8. Zhang MW, Ho RC, Cheung MW, Fu E & Mak A. (2011). Prevalence of depressive symptoms in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression. Gen Hosp Psychiatry; 33(3):217–223.

9. Livermore N, Sharpe L, McKenzie D (2010). 'Panic attacks and panic disorder in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A cognitive behavioural perspective'. Respiratory Medicine, vol 104, no 9, pp 1246–53.

10. Naylor C, Parsonage M, McDaid D, Knapp M, Fossey M, Galea A. Long-Term Conditions and Mental Health. The Cost of Co-Morbidities. London, UK: The Kings Fund; 2012.


Email: Syed Kerbalai

Phone: 0300 244 4000 – Central Enquiry Unit

The Scottish Government
St Andrew's House
Regent Road

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