Publication - Consultation paper

Bail and release from custody arrangements: consultation

Published: 15 Nov 2021
From:
Cabinet Secretary for Justice and Veterans
Directorate:
Justice Directorate
Part of:
Law and order
ISBN:
9781802015270

Consultation on the use of remand and arrangements around release from custody - two areas which we consider have the potential to contribute to a shift in how prison and imprisonment is used in a modern Scotland.

Bail and release from custody arrangements: consultation
Footnotes

Footnotes

1. Hard Edges Scotland, Lankelly Chase (2019) (https://lankellychase.org.uk/publication/hard-edges-scotland/)

2. Scottish Prison Population Statistics 2019-20 (https:/www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-2019-20/pages/1/)

3. SPS Prisoner Survey 2019 (http://www.sps.gov.uk/Corporate/Publications/Publication-7196.aspx)

4. SPS Addiction Prevalence Testing Stats 2018/19 (https://www.scotpho.org.uk/behaviour/drugs/data/availability-and-prevalence)

5. MacMillan Tom (2021) Associations between significant head injury and persisting disability and violent crime in women in prison in Scotland (https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366(21)00082-1/fulltext)

6. 17th Prisoner Survey 2019 (http://www.sps.gov.uk/Corporate/Publications/Publication-7196.aspx)

7. McGillivray, C. (2016) Rendering Them Visible: A Review of Progress towards Increasing Awareness and Support of Prisoners' Families (https://www.familiesoutside.org.uk/content/uploads/2016/04/Rendering-Them-Visible-FINAL.pdf)

8. Themes from 'Victims Voices' feedback presented at the Victims Taskforce - December 2020 (https://www.gov.scot/publications/victims-taskforce-papers-december-2020/)

9. A Fairer, Greener Scotland: Programme for Government 2021-22 (https://www.gov.scot/publications/fairer-greener-scotland-programme-government-2021-22/)

10. Christie Commission on the future delivery of public services (2011)(https://www.gov.scot/publications/commission-future-delivery-public-services/documents/)

11. https://www.gov.scot/publications/works-reduce-reoffending-summary-evidence/

12. Undertakings are not part of the discussion of the current possible reforms.

13. Although the significant majority of those held on remand are pre-trial, the proposals will also apply to those convicted but not yet sentenced.

14. https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1995/46/section/24

15. https://www.echr.coe.int/Documents/Convention_ENG.pdf

16. Wemhoff v Germany, (1979-80) 1 EHRR 55, Judgment, para 12; Yagci and Sargin v Turkey, (1995) 20 EHRR 505, para 50.

17. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2000/9/contents

18. This followed similar changes by the then UK Government in 1998 which adjusted section 25 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994, which had imposed an absolute prohibition in England and Wales on bail on a charge of murder, attempted murder, manslaughter, rape, or attempted rape, where the accused had a prior conviction for such an offence, in light of Article 5(3).

19. https://digitalpublications.parliament.scot/Committees/Report/J/2018/6/24/An-Inquiry-into-the-Use-of-Remand-in-Scotland#Executive-Summary

20. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-legal-status-2019-20/

21. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-2019-20/pages/3/

22. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-legal-status-2019-20/pages/4/ and https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/offender-management-statistics-quarterly both accessed 27 July 2021

23. http://www.prisonstudies.org/highest-to-lowest/pre-trialdetainees?field_region_taxonomy_tid=14&=Apply, accessed 14 February 2020

24. https://www.gov.scot/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-justice-analytical-services-data-report-july-2021/ See the Scottish Government monthly reports on the Justice System during the Covid-19 pandemic

25. https://www.gov.scot/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-justice-analytical-services-data-reportmarch-2021/pages/17/ and https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/offender-managementstatistics-quarterly-october-to-december-2020 accessed 27 July 2021

26. https://digitalpublications.parliament.scot/Committees/Report/J/2018/6/24/An-Inquiry-into-the-Use-of-Remand-in-Scotland, para 36ff

27. https://digitalpublications.parliament.scot/Committees/Report/J/2018/6/24/An-Inquiry-into-the-Use-of-Remand-in-Scotland, para 42

28. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-legal-status-2019-20/

29. The exact final outcomes of these cases cannot be determined from the data held by the Scottish Government.

30. https://www.parliament.scot/S5_JusticeCommittee/Inquiries/R-SCTSsupplementary.pdf

31. https://www.parliament.scot/S5_JusticeCommittee/Inquiries/R-SCTSsupplementary.pdf

32. OR at http://www.parliament.scot/parliamentarybusiness/report.aspx?r=11709&i=106021

33. https://www.cycj.org.uk/resource/use-and-impact-of-bail-and-remand-in-scotland-with-children/

34. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2019/236/introduction/made

35. http://www.parliament.scot/parliamentarybusiness/report.aspx?r=12181&mode=pdf Col 3

36. https://digitalpublications.parliament.scot/Committees/Report/J/2018/6/24/An-Inquiry-into-the-Use-of-Remand-in-Scotland#Data-on-the-reasons-for-remand, paras 55 and 56.

37. This is subject to provision in section 23D of the 1995 Act which provides that bail is only to be granted in exceptional circumstances in respect of individuals charged with certain offences where prior convictions for such offences exist.

38. MM v Procurator Fiscal 2009 S.C.C.R 847, at page 858

39. https://www.webarchive.org.uk/wayback/archive/20161007190437/http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2012/03/5346/6

40. Ib., ch. 4

41. https://www2.gov.scot/Resource/0047/00475400.pdf, ch. 14.

42. https://www.parliament.scot/S5_JusticeCommittee/Inquiries/R-SCTS.pdf, p1

43. See section 325 of the Sentencing Act 2020 - https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2020/17/section/325. The provision applies in respect of bail subject to a "qualifying curfew condition", which means a curfew condition requiring the person granted bail to remain at one or more specified places for a total of not less than 9 hours in any given day (see section 326 of the Act).

44. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2012/10/contents/enacted

45. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1976/63/contents

46. http://www.transformjustice.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/TJ_March_13.03-1.pdf, p8

47. Ib., p9

48. https://thepromise.scot/change-programme-one-pdf.pdf#:~:text=The%20promise%20identified%20which%20organisations%20that%20have%20the,there%20are%20connections%20that%20need%20to%20be%20made.

49. Prisoners and Criminal Proceedings (Scotland) Act 1993 (https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1993/9?wrap=true)

50. www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1968/49 Section 27(1)(c) provides that 'It shall be a function of every local authority under this Part of this Act to provide a service for the following purposes, that is to say: the provision of advice, guidance and assistance for persons in their area who, within 12 months of their release from prison or any other form of detention, request such advice, guidance or assistance'

51. Prisoners and Criminal Proceedings (Scotland) Act 1993 (https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1993/9?wrap=true)

52. www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1968/49 Section 27(1)(b)(ii) provides that that It shall be a function of every local authority under this Part of this Act to provide a service for the following purposes, that is to say the supervision of, and the provision of advice, guidance and assistance for(ii)persons in their area who, following on release from prison or any other form of detention, are required to be under supervision under any enactment or by the terms of an order or licence of the Secretary of State or of a condition or requirement imposed in pursuance of any enactment

53. Prisoners and Criminal Proceedings (Scotland) Act 1993 (https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1993/9?wrap=true)

54. SPS Prison Population (https://www.sps.gov.uk/Corporate/Information/SPSPopulation.aspx)

55. guideline-principles-and-purposes-of-sentencing.pdf (scottishsentencingcouncil.org.uk) – Guideline applying since 26 November 2018.

56. Scottish Drugs Death Taskforce: Report on Drug Law Reform (Sep 2021) (https://drugdeathstaskforce.scot/media/1248/drug-law-reform-report-sept-6th-21.pdf)

57. See s.3AA(6) of the 1993 Act - Prisoners and Criminal Proceedings (Scotland) Act 1993 (legislation.gov.uk).

58Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968 (legislation.gov.uk)

59. https://www.webarchive.org.uk/wayback/archive/20150219131557/http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2004/12/20473/49295

60. SHORE standards (https://www.sps.gov.uk/Corporate/Publications/Publication-5363.aspx)

61. Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) Standards: access, choice, support (https://www.gov.scot/publications/medication-assisted-treatment-mat-standards-scotland-access-choice-support/)

62. https://sp-bpr-en-prod-cdnep.azureedge.net/published/J/2018/6/24/An-Inquiry-into-the-Use-of-Remand-in-Scotland/JS052018R07.pdf

63. https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1982/48/section/32


Contact

Email: futureofcustody@gov.scot