Publication - Statistics

Children's social work statistics 2017-2018

Published: 26 Mar 2019
Directorate:
Children and Families Directorate
Part of:
Children and families, Statistics
ISBN:
9781787816916

The latest data on children and young people looked after, on the child protection register and in secure care.

48 page PDF

1.3 MB

48 page PDF

1.3 MB

Contents
Children's social work statistics 2017-2018
Secure Care Accommodation

48 page PDF

1.3 MB

Secure Care Accommodation

Headline figures: secure care

Average number of residents increased by 5 to 81

Headline figures: secure care

The number of young people admitted to secure care decreased by 15% to 211

This section presents 2017-18 data on secure care accommodation. Secure care is used for a small number of young people who present high risk to themselves or others and can only be authorised following a decision through the Children's Hearing System or a Court.

Bed complement

There were 84 secure places available in five secure units in Scotland excluding emergency beds on 31 July 2018 (Table 3.1). Furthermore, there were an additional 6 beds available across these units for emergency and respite use - these would normally only be used if required and on a short-term basis.

Table 3.1: Secure care unit bed complement at 31 July 2018

Unit Number of secure care beds
Edinburgh Secure Services 6
Good Shepherd 18
Kibble 18
Rossie School 18
St. Mary's Kenmure(1) 24
All Units 84

(1) St. Mary's Kenmure provide a care service to 24 children and young people in secure care accommodation. In addition the service has 3 short term / respite beds which can be used when the service is at capacity. These are referred to as short term beds in this report

Capacity and usage

Table 3.2 shows there were an average of 81 residents in secure care accommodation between 1 August 2017 and 31 July 2018, an increase from an average of 76 in the previous year. There was an 18% decline in the average number of residents from within Scotland and an increase of 89% in the average number of residents from outside Scotland, most of whom were from England.

The number of nights emergency and short term beds were used is estimated at 287 in 2017/18. This is an increase of 219% from 90 in the previous year. The number of residents using emergency and short term beds has also increased from 25 in 2016/17 to 49 in 2017/18.

Table 3.2: Secure care accommodation capacity(1) and usage, 2014-2018

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 % change 2017-18
Places at year end 90 90 90 84 84 0%
Admissions during the year 232 249 256 248 211 -15%
Discharges during the year 226 245 253 257 209 -19%
Average number of residents during the year 74 82 85 76 81 7%
Residents from within Scotland 67 76 72 56 46 -18%
Residents from outside Scotland 7 6 13 19 36 89%
Minimum number of residents during the year 60 71 77 67 75 12%
Maximum number of residents during the year(1) 84 89 90 87 86 -2%
Number of nights emergency and short term beds used during the year(2,3) 5 146 50 90 287 219%
Number of residents emergency and short term beds used for during the year(2,3) 3 13 11 25 49 96%

(1) Capacity: Young people can be admitted and discharged more than once during the year.
(2) Four units reported having an emergency bed: Rossie School; Good Shepherd; Kibble; and St. Mary's Kenmure (see background notes for definition of an emergency bed). St Mary's Kenmure also has 3 short term beds which are not subject to the same regulations as emergency beds and are integrated with the main unit.
(3) Figures for emergency/short term bed usage have been estimated for St. Mary's Kenmure. More information is available in the background notes section.

On 31 July 2018, 53% of young people in secure care accommodation were female (Table 3.3). 34% were aged 16 or over and more than half (64%) were aged 15 or older. Young people in secure care accommodation tend to be older than those looked after and on the child protection registers.

On 31 July 2018, 51% of young people in secure care accommodation had at least one disability, defined as "a mental or physical impairment which has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities".

Table 3.3: Young people in secure care accommodation at 31st July by gender, age at admission, disability and length of stay(1)

2014 2015 2016 2017 % of 2017 total 2018 % of 2018 total
Gender of residents(3)
Males 52 59 65 46 58% 40 47%
Females 29 26 23 34 43% 45 53%
Age of Residents
13 years old or under 5 7 9 14 18% 13 15%
14 years 12 18 18 18 23% 18 21%
15 years 31 28 27 26 33% 25 29%
16 years or over 33 32 34 22 28% 29 34%
Residents with disability(2)
Yes - - 34 27 34% 43 51%
No/unknown - - 54 53 66% 42 49%
Length of stay of residents at year end
Less than 1 month 13 17 20 26 33% * *
1 month to under 2 months 14 16 14 13 16% 15 18%
2 months to under 3 months 14 13 14 12 15% 15 18%
3 months to under 6 months 23 26 24 25 31% 28 33%
6 months to under 1 year 9 * 10 * * 13 15%
1 year or more 8 * 6 * * * *
Total 81 85 88 80 100% 85 100%

(1) As at 31 July of each year.
(2) The question was new in 2016, and asked: "does the young person have a mental or physical impairment which has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities?". This replaced 'additional support needs', which did not match the definition of disability from the Equalities Act. See background note 3.19 for more information.
(3) Trans, intersex and nonbinary young people are included in the category 'male' for data protection purposes.

Cross-UK secure care accommodation comparisons

Table 3.4 shows secure children's homes/secure care accommodation units, places approved, and children accommodated across the United Kingdom. This shows that there is no clear trend in the number of children accommodated in England and Wales, as the numbers have fluctuated.

As noted earlier in this Secure Care Accommodation section, the Scotland total includes a number of children that are from the rest of the UK. The England and Wales totals may also include some children from other parts of the UK, but these numbers aren't published separately.

Table 3.4: Number of secure children's homes/secure care accommodation units, places approved and children accommodated at year end across the United Kingdom(1),(2),(3),(4)

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
England Number of secure children's homes 16 14 14 14 14
Places approved 276 232 232 232 233
Children accommodated 211 194 192 184 189
Wales Number of secure children's homes 1 1 1 1 1
Places approved 22 22 22 22 22
Children accommodated 18 11 18 19 15
Scotland(4) Number of secure care units 5 5 5 5 5
Places approved 90 90 90 84 84
Children accommodated 80 85 84 81 81

(1) Sources: England and Wales - Children accommodated in secure children's homes statistics; Scotland - Secure care accommodation census; Northern Ireland, official/national statistics are not produced on secure care accommodation. The legal routes into secure care can vary between the four UK countries.
(2) The figures from outside Scotland include children placed on welfare grounds only.
(3) As noted elsewhere, the Scotland total includes a number of children from the rest of the UK, so trends in each country based on the children's origin may be different.
(4) To allow for comparison with England and Wales, Scotland's data for all years is 'at 31 March' within this table only.


Contact

Email: childrens.statistics@gov.scot