Child Winter Heating Assistance: evaluation report
The evaluation describes a number of positive findings for the CWHA payment, but also highlighted some potential areas for improvement.
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1 Scottish Government (2021) Devolution of disability benefits: Evaluation strategy
2 Scottish Government (2021) Tackling child poverty: third year progress report 2020-2021 - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)
3 In limited circumstances clients could also apply for Child Winter Heating Assistance. This could apply for example when a child or young person no longer lives in Scotland, but has a genuine and sufficient link to Scotland. Note that is limited only to those who live in a member state of the EEA (not including the UK) and have rights protected by the EU withdrawal agreement. Clients also needed to apply for Child Winter Heating Assistance if they receive a backdated Disability Living Allowance award for the qualifying week.
4 The Winter Heating Assistance for Children and Young People (Scotland) Regulations 2020 (legislation.gov.uk)
5 Child Disability Payment: position paper - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)
6 Scottish Government 2019: Social Security Scotland: our charter.
7 Scottish Government 2019: Evaluating the Policy Impact of Devolved Benefits.
8 Scottish Government 2019: Evaluating the Policy Impact of Devolved Benefits.
9 For a more detailed discussion of the methodological limitations, see Social Security Scotland (2021) Client Survey 2018-2021
10 Scottish Government 2019: Evaluating the Policy Impact of Devolved Benefits.
11 Social Security Scotland (2022). Child Winter Heating Assistance statistics: Winter 2021/2022
12 Social Security Scotland (2021) Child Winter Heating Assistance statistics: Winter 2020/2021
13 Proportions may not sum due to rounding. 2020-21 figures include payments issued since the Social Security Scotland (2021) Child Winter Heating Assistance statistics: Winter 2020/2021 report has been published as well as backdated payments
14 Generally the parent, carer, guardian who receive CWHA on the child’s and/or young person’s behalf
15 In a small number of cases age band is ‘unknown’. This is either due to missing date of birth information or an error in date of birth (e.g. recipient date of birth recorded in place of child date of birth).
16 SIMD Deciles and Urban Rural Classifications are based on the child or young person's postcode. Some postcodes could not be matched to the look-up file, but were identified as being in Scotland. These may be new-builds, which have new postcodes. Some postcodes were identified as being in other parts of the UK, outside of Scotland. This may be where a child has a genuine and sufficient link to Scotland, or where they have moved away.
17 This row combines remote and very remote small towns.
18 This row combines remote and very remote rural areas.
19 Note that this refers to the sample who received CWHA as well as the qualifying benefit, however, the survey asked about benefits in relation to Social Security Scotland alone. As the qualifying benefits either pertain to those provided by the Department of Work and Pensions (DLA and PIP) or benefits not yet asked about (ADP), it is likely recipients’ responses refer to their experience of CWHA alone.
20 It should be noted that the deadline of December 31st for determinations being made on CWHA entitlement has been subsequently removed for operational flexibility as well as to ensure clients are being paid at a time most suitable to them.
21 This percentage is reflective of the total number of payments made up to March 2022. The date was not recorded for 35 payments so these were excluded from this proportion but may have been issued before the 31st of December 2021.
22 For winter 2020-21, 76% were made prior to January 31st 2021 (with 3% between December 31st and January 31st), 1% were made between February 1st and May 31st 2021, and 23% were made after October 2021. The majority comprising this latter proportion was likely due to back payments issued as a result of the eligibility increasing to include those on the enhanced rate of the daily living component of Personal Independence Payment (PIP) in October 2021. For winter 2021-22, 99% of payments were made prior to January 31st 2022 (with 6% between December 31st and January 31st), and 1% were made between February 1st and March 31st 2022.
23 Scottish Government (2019). Scottish Health Survey Data
24 Scottish Government (2018) Every child, every chance: tackling child poverty delivery plan 2018-2022; Scottish Government (2022) Best start, bright futures: tackling child poverty delivery plan 2022-2026.
25 Scottish Government (2022) Supporting documents - Tackling child poverty delivery plan 2022-2026 - annex 4: cumulative impact assessment
26 Scottish Government (2022) Supporting documents - Tackling child poverty delivery plan 2022-2026 - annex 4: cumulative impact assessment
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