Child Disability Payment Amendment Regulations: draft equality impact assessment

The Equality Impact Assessment (EQIA) considers potential effects of the Disability Assistance For Children And Young People (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 2021 and how it impacts on people with one or more protected characteristics.

General Data

  • The Scottish Health Survey 2018 provides an accurate estimate of the number of disabled children and young people in Scotland. Within the 0-15 age group, 18% of children have a limiting longstanding illness[12]. For young people aged 16-24, 24% of young people have a limiting longstanding illness.
  • In 2019, there were 867,345 children aged 15 and below in Scotland[13]. As of August 2020, there were 41,811 children entitled to Disability Living Allowance for Children (DLAC)[14]. This accounts for roughly 4.8% of this demographic.
  • UK wide, disabled people have higher poverty rates than the general population. Disabled people make up 28% of people in poverty. A further 20% of people who are in poverty live in a household with a disabled child. In Scotland 410,000 households in poverty (42%) include a disabled person[15]. Disabled young adults in the UK aged 16-24 years have a particularly high poverty rate of 44%[16].
  • Scotland-wide, there are higher levels of child material deprivation in households containing a disabled person, at 20% compared to households without a disabled person (at 8%). There are higher rates of food insecurity among disabled people (18%) compared to non-disabled people (5%). There is a higher likelihood of living in relative poverty after housing costs with a disabled person in the household (24% of families with a disabled person compared to 17% of families with no disabled members)[17].
  • Disability and unemployment/under-employment are positively correlated. 14% of ‘workless families’ (defined as families where parents are predominately out of work or have little connection to the labour market and/or who live in social rented accommodation and are reliant on benefits for their income) have one or more children with a disability or long-term illness. A further 17% of ‘struggling to get by’ families (unemployed or working part-time, half of which are single-parent families) have one or more children with a disability or long-term illness[18]. Child material deprivation in households containing a disabled person reaches 20% compared to 8% of households without a disabled person.
  • Even where one or more parent in the household is in employment, within families with a disabled child, the same level of income secures a lower standard of living than it would for a disabled person. Research conducted by the Papworth Trust[19] showed that the annual cost of bringing up a disabled child is three times greater than for a non-disabled child. Disabled people face higher costs than non-disabled people, such as the cost of specialist equipment, therapies and home adaptations to manage a condition[20]. Travel costs too, may be higher as families have to afford the cost of taxis to and from hospital where it is not possible to use public transport (and/or public transport may not be available).



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