1. Scottish Health Survey ( SHeS). The number of carers identified through the SHeS is much higher than the number identified through the Census 2011. That figure stands at 492,231 adult carers and young carers combined. We believe that the difference is due primarily to the SHeS being an interview survey where each adult answers the question separately, rather than one person answering for the whole household: this more readily helps people to identify themselves as carers. The question is: "Do you look after, or give any regular help or support to family members, friends, neighbours, or others because of either a long-term physical condition, mental ill-health or disability; or problems related to old age?"
2. The Scottish Government published Scotland's Carers, An Official Statistics Publication for Scotland on 24 March 2015 http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0047/00473691.pdf. This data is presented on the basis of under 16s and over 16s, as the weighting in the SHeS is designed for this age split. Since the Act's definition of young carer relates to under 18s (or a carer who has attained the age of 18 and is a pupil at school), the figures presented here make an estimate, based on the data, to include 16 and 17 year-olds.
9. Pearson, B., Skelly, R., Wileman, D. and Masud, T. (2002) Unplanned readmission to hospital: A comparison of the views of general practitioners and hospital staff. Age & Ageing http://ageing.oxfordjournals.org/content/31/2/141.full.pdf+html
12. Census 2011. A long-term condition was defined as one which lasted 12 months or more. Respondents were asked to self-select from a list of options comprising: deafness or partial hearing loss, blindness or partial sight loss, learning disability, learning difficulty, developmental disorder, physical disability, mental health condition, long term illness, disease or condition, other condition (respondent to specify), and no condition.
16. Arskey H Hirst, M (2005) Unpaid Carers Access to and Use of Primary Care Services, Primary Health Care Research and Development http://php.york.ac.uk/inst/spru/pubs/2/
20. Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/10/8378
21. Hidden Carers – Unheard Voices – Informal caring within the Gypsy/Traveller Community in Scotland http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/S4_EqualOpportunitiesCommittee/Inquiries/MECOPP.pdf