Business enterprise research and development: 2021

Key statistics on business enterprise research & development spend in Scotland.

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Key Points

  • Business Enterprise Research and Development (BERD) spend in Scotland was estimated at £3,121 million in 2021, an increase of £194 million since 2020 and £356 million since 2018, which is the first data period produced using a new methodology
  • the methodology used to produce the BERD spend estimates has been improved to better represent smaller businesses. However, there is currently uncertainty around the robustness of the estimates for Scotland
  • BERD expenditure represented an estimated 1.86% of Scottish GDP in 2021


For enquiries about this publication please contact:

Marina Curran

Business & Innovation Statistics

Office of the Chief Economic Adviser

e-mail: or


For general enquiries about Scottish Government statistics please contact:

Office of the Chief Statistician

Telephone: 0131 244 0442


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