Publication - Advice and guidance

Biosecurity practices for animal health: guidance

Published: 5 Nov 2014

Biosecurity is a set of management practices that collectively reduce the potential for the introduction or spread of animal disease-causing organisms onto and between farms.

Biosecurity practices for animal health: guidance
Feed and water

Feed and water

Various diseases can be spread by contaminated feed and water. The following list is not exhaustive but there are known disease links with:

  • salmonella
  • leptospirosis
  • toxoplasmosis abortion
  • tuberculosis
  • foot and mouth disease
  • cryptosporidiosis

The risk is reduced by:

  • using mains water wherever possible
  • have water bowls or drinkers above the level for faecal contamination
  • avoid contamination of watercourses
  • clean feed and water troughs regularly
  • discourage dogs and cats from walking in feed troughs
  • keep feed in a clean, dry store
  • keep feed stores covered and shut to ensure no access by dogs, cats, vermin and wildlife
  • dispose of old or soiled feed safely
  • swill feeding is banned by The Animal By-Products (Scotland) Regulations 2003 (SSI 2003/411)



Tel: 0300 244 9874
Fax: 0300 244 9797

Scottish Government
Agriculture and Rural Economy Directorate
Animal Health and Welfare
P Spur
Saughton House
Broomhouse Drive
EH11 3XD