Avian Influenza Prevention Zone: January 2023

Declaration of an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) across the whole of Scotland.


The Avian Influenza and Influenza of Avian Origin in Mammals (Scotland) Order 2006 - declaration of amendment

The Scottish Ministers declared the whole of Scotland to be an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone by Declaration made under article 6(1)(a) of the Avian Influenza and Influenza of Avian Origin in Mammals (Scotland) Order 2006 [S.S.I. 2006/336] (“the Order”) at 11:25 hours on 17 October 2022 (“the Declaration of an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone”), and which took effect at 12:00 hours on 17 October 2022.

The Scottish Ministers have carried out a further risk assessment under article 6(1) of the Order.

The Scottish Ministers consider that certain additional restrictions and requirements imposed in the Declaration of an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone are necessary to reduce the risk of transmission of avian influenza.

The Scottish Ministers accordingly declare that the Declaration of an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone is amended at the time and date specified below so that the Annex to this Declaration of Amendment is substituted for the Annex to the Declaration of an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone.

The amendment of the Declaration of an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone takes effect from 2pm on 9 January 2023.

The extent of the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone declared on 17 October 2022 continues to be the whole of Scotland.

This declaration is made under articles 6(1)(a) and 4(1)(b) of the Order.

Signed: Jesus Gallego
At 2pm on 9 January 2023.
A member of staff of the Scottish Ministers.

Failure to comply with this Declaration may be an offence under section 73 of the Animal Health Act 1981 liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale or to both.

Annex - Measures applying in the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone

Measures applying to all keepers of poultry or other captive birds

1. Any keeper of poultry or other captive birds must take all appropriate and practicable steps, to ensure that:

(a) precautions are taken to avoid the transfer of virus contamination between premises or parts of premises where poultry or other captive birds are kept, including cleansing and disinfection of equipment, vehicles and footwear;

(b) feed, water and bedding are stored in a way to prevent exposure to bird droppings and to otherwise minimise the risk of virus contamination;

(c) effective vermin control is carried out in any part of the premises where poultry or other captive birds are kept;

(d) except at a zoo (as defined in paragraph 9), the movement of people, vehicles or equipment to and from any part of the premises where poultry or other captive birds are kept is reduced to only the following:

          (i) essential movements for looking after the welfare of the poultry or other captive birds;

          (ii) collecting eggs;

          (iii) feeding;

          (iv) movements for official or inspection visits;

(e) except at a zoo (as defined in paragraph 9), records are kept of all vehicles that enter any part of the premises where poultry or other captive birds are kept and of all people who come into any direct contact with the poultry or other captive birds;

(f) records are kept of poultry, other captive birds or eggs leaving the premises including:

          (i) the quantity and description (including species of poultry or other captive bird, and type of egg);

          (ii) the date of the movement off the premises;

          (iii) the premises of destination (if known); and

          (iv) the name and address of the person to whom ownership or possession is being or has been transferred;

(g) records kept under (e) and (f) are made available to a veterinary inspector on demand;

(h) buildings that house the poultry or other captive birds are maintained and defects that may allow water ingress or other contamination are rectified immediately;

(i) pheasants taken from the wild for the purpose of restocking supplies of game must not be moved from the premises into which they are taken until a period of 21 days from the date of taking of the last bird has elapsed, unless the movement is direct and licensed by a veterinary inspector or by an inspector under the direction of a veterinary inspector.

(j) records are kept of pheasants taken as described in paragraph (i) including:

          (i) number of birds taken,

          (ii) date of taking,

          (iii) deaths of any birds between the first date of taking of any birds and the end of the 21-day period referred to in paragraph (i).

(k) records kept under paragraph (j) are made available to a veterinary inspector on demand.  

Additional measures applying to keepers of poultry or other captive birds with outdoor range areas

2. Any keeper of poultry or other captive birds, where the poultry or other captive birds have access to an outdoor area (“an outdoor range area”) must (in addition to the other measures in this Annex)

(a) fence any outdoor range area to keep the poultry or other captive birds within the outdoor range area;

(b) not give ducks or geese access to the same outdoor range area as other poultry or captive birds, and house ducks or geese that have access to an outdoor range area separately from other poultry or captive birds;

(c) actively manage the outdoor range area to ensure that

          (i) the outdoor range area is not contaminated with feathers or faecal material from wild birds, and take all reasonable steps to remove any feathers or faecal material from wild birds that may be present;

(ii) except at a zoo (as defined in paragraph 9), access to open or standing water (including waterlogged land) by poultry or other captive birds is prevented by fencing off or netting;

          (iii) there is no direct contact with poultry or other captive birds on other neighbouring premises;

          (iv) feed and water are kept indoors, and poultry or other captive birds are fed indoors or under a covered area, which sufficiently discourages the landing of wild birds and thereby prevents contact by wild birds with the feed or water of the poultry or other captive birds;

          (v) measures are taken to discourage wild birds, in particular gulls and wild waterfowl, from entering the outdoor range area and that wild birds are not attracted to the vicinity of the outdoor range area, in particular to open or standing water;

          (vi) carcases of wild birds are removed from the outdoor range area; and 

          (vii) there is regular cleaning and disinfecting of all concrete walkways, paths and similar surfaces to which poultry or other captive birds and wild birds have access.

Additional measures applying to keepers of more than 50 poultry or other captive birds

3. Any keeper of more than 50 poultry or other captive birds must (in addition to the other measures in this Annex):

(a)  place foot dip containing disinfectant (in accordance with paragraph 10) at all entry and exit points of any part of the premises where poultry or other captive birds are kept; and

(b) take all appropriate and practicable steps to ensure that any person entering and exiting the part of the premises where poultry or other captive birds are kept, cleanses and disinfects their footwear using the dips, or, alternatively, changes footwear when moving between parts of the premises where poultry or other captive birds are kept and other parts of the premises.

Additional measures applying to keepers of more than 500 poultry

4. Any keeper of more than 500 poultry or other captive birds must (in addition to the other measures in this Annex) comply with the measures:

(a) in paragraph 5 in relation to any part of the premises where poultry are kept;

(b) in paragraph 6 in relation to any part of the premises for ancillary uses in the keeping of poultry;

(c) in paragraph 7 in relation to any other part of the premises; and

(d) in paragraph 8 in relation to any premises controlled by the keeper within 500 metres of any premises on which the poultry are kept.

5. The following measures apply to any part of the premises where poultry are kept:

(a) access must be restricted to essential authorised personnel only;

(b) effective barrier hygiene must be operated, including changing clothing and footwear before entering and on exit;

(c) only essential equipment and vehicles may enter;

(d) the exterior of any vehicles (particularly wheels and wheel arches) and equipment which enter or leave must be cleansed and disinfected on both entry and exit;

(e) thorough cleansing and disinfecting (based on industry best practice) of housing and equipment must be undertaken at the end of a production cycle and before new birds are introduced; and

(f) records must be kept of vehicles and personnel entering and leaving.

6. The following measures apply to any part of the premises for ancillary uses:

(a) access must be limited to essential personnel only, and full bio-security practices adopted on entry and exit;

(b) this part of the premises should be fully separated, with clear demarcation, from the part of the premises where poultry is kept;

(c) waste and fallen stock must be held in appropriately bio-secure facilities in this part of the premises with clear separation between both the part of the premises where poultry are kept and the part of the premises which form a restricted access bio-secure barrier;

(d) the exterior of any vehicles (particularly wheels and wheel arches) which enter or leave must be cleansed and disinfected on both entry and exit; and

(e) any plastic egg trays must be cleansed and disinfected before use, and the packing, handling and storage of eggs which are damaged or contaminated with foreign matter must be managed in a bio-secure manner.

7. The following measures apply to any other part of the premises:

(a) access by the public should be controlled and only essential workers and contractors should enter; and

(b) non-essential vehicles must not enter.

8. A keeper of more than 500 birds must not feed wild game birds in any area controlled by the keeper within 500 metres of any premises on which the poultry are kept.

Definitions

9. In this Annex –

(a) “keeper” means any person responsible for birds, whether on a temporary or permanent basis;

(b) “poultry” means a bird reared or kept in captivity for the production of meat or eggs for consumption, or of other products, for restocking supplies of game or for the purposes of any breeding programme for the production of such categories of birds;

(c) “other captive birds” means any bird other than poultry kept in captivity;

(d) “premises” includes any land, place of business or other place where poultry or other captive birds are kept;

(e) references to the “part of the premises” where poultry, or other captive birds, are kept means any structure or open area which is used to keep poultry, or other captive birds, and includes contiguous ancillary areas such as bird feed bins, or for the storage of bird manure;

(f) “vehicle” includes any means of transport and includes –

          (i) a trailer, semi-trailer or other thing designed or adapted to be towed by another vehicle;

          (ii) a detachable part of any vehicle;

          (iii) a container or other structure designed or adapted to be carried on a vehicle;

(g) “veterinary inspector” means a veterinary inspector appointed by the Scottish Ministers;

(h) “wild game bird” means a bird which lives freely in the wild and is of a species that is hunted for human consumption;

(i) “zoo” (which can include an aquarium) means a zoo within the meaning of section 1(2) of the Zoo Licensing Act 1981 [1981 c.37] which is operated under the authority of a licence under that Act or is subject to a dispensation, in a direction under section 14(1) of the Act, that the Act shall not apply to that zoo.

10. Requirements relating to disinfection, or the use of disinfectants, require the use of the disinfectants:

(a) authorised by the Scottish Ministers under the Disease of Animals (Approved Disinfectants) (Scotland) Order 2008,

(b) at the concentrations approved under that Order, and

(c) in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions (if any), or, if a veterinary inspector has instructed otherwise, in accordance with the instructions of the veterinary inspector.

Copies of this Declaration and of the Order are available at www.gov.scot/avianinfluenza  and from the Scottish Government Agriculture and Rural Economy Directorate, St. Andrew’s House, Regent Road, Edinburgh, EH1 3DG.
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