Avian influenza (bird flu) outbreaks

Latest situation including current outbreaks and measures in place to prevent the spread of the disease.


Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ)

The Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ), which was introduced on 3 November 2021 with the aim of protecting poultry and other captive bird premises from incursion of highly pathogenic avian influenza, was lifted on 16 August 2022.

Further information can be found in this Declaration.

It followed a recent risk assessmentwhere the level of risk associated with the incursion of highly pathogenic avian influenza to poultry and other captive birds was reduced to LOW. 

Following a number of detections of avian influenza in poultry and other captive birds, and wild birds across the southwest of England, a regional AIPZ has been declared by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs in Cornwall, Devon, the Isles of Scilly and part of Somerset.

While the risk of bird flu to poultry and other captive birds has been reduced in Scotland, keepers are encouraged to continue to implement strong biosecurity measures as best practice, as infection is still circulating in the environment and amongst wild birds in GB.

All poultry gatherings currently prohibited will remain banned.

Cases and disease control zones

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 has been confirmed in Scotland and in other parts of the UK. Restrictions and prevention measures are in place.

Check where disease control zones are currently located and if you are in a zone on the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) interactive map.

Near Birsay, Orkney Islands

 

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 was confirmed at a premises near Birsay, Orkney Islands on 6 July 2022.

A Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone were declared. Following completion of preliminary cleansing and disinfection and mandatory surveillance requirements, Scottish Ministers declared the end of these zones.

This means all zonal restrictions within this area have been lifted. Further information can be found in the Declaration.

The Island of Whalsay, Shetland Islands

 

Surveillance Zone lifted on the Island of Whalsay, Shetland Islands.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed at a premises on the Island of Whalsay, Shetland Islands on 30 May 2022.

A 3 km Protection Zone (PZ) and 10 km Surveillance Zone (SZ) were declared. Following completion of preliminary cleansing and disinfection and mandatory surveillance requirements, Scottish Ministers declared the end of these zones.

This means all zonal restrictions within this area have been lifted. Further information can be found in the declaration

Vigilance by bird keepers is important and any suspicion of disease in Scotland must be reported immediately to the local APHA Field Services office

It should be noted that the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in place across the UK.

Near Strichen, Aberdeenshire

 

Surveillance Zone lifted near Strichen, Aberdeenshire.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed at a premises near Strichen, Aberdeenshire on 19 March 2022.

A 3 km Protection Zone (PZ) and 10 km Surveillance Zone (SZ) were declared. Following completion of preliminary cleansing and disinfection and mandatory surveillance requirements, Scottish Ministers declared the end of these zones.

This means all zonal restrictions within this area have been lifted. Further information can be found in the Declaration.

It should be noted that the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in place across the UK.

Near Beith, North Ayrshire

 

Surveillance Zone lifted in North Ayrshire.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed at a premises near Beith, North Ayrshire on 18 March 2022.

A 3 km Protection Zone (PZ) and 10 km Surveillance Zone (SZ) were declared. Following completion of preliminary cleansing and disinfection and mandatory surveillance requirements, Scottish Ministers declared the end of these zones.

This means all zonal restrictions within this area have been lifted. Further information can be found in the Declaration

The Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in place across the UK.

Near Collieston, Aberdeenshire

 

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed at a premises near Collieston, Aberdeenshire on 11 March, 2022.

A Protection Zone (PZ) and 10km Surveillance Zone (SZ) were declared. Following completion of preliminary cleansing and disinfection and mandatory surveillance requirements, Scottish Ministers declared the end of these zones.

This means all zonal restrictions within this area have been lifted. Further information can be found in the Declaration

The Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in place across the UK.

Near Inverurie, Aberdeenshire

 

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed at a premises near Inverurie, Aberdeenshire on 22 January, 2022. This premises was deemed a “special category premises” due its non-commercial nature. As a result of this, and based on a veterinary risk assessment, no new disease control zones were applied.

Near Moffat, Dumfriesshire

 

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 was confirmed at a premises near Moffat, Dumfriesshire on 10 December 2021.

A Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone were declared. Following completion of preliminary cleansing and disinfection and mandatory surveillance requirements, Scottish Ministers declared the end of these zones.

This means all zonal restrictions within this area have been lifted. Further information can be found in the Declaration.

The Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in place across the UK.

Near Annan, Dumfriesshire

 

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 was confirmed at a premises near Annan, Dumfriesshire on 9 December 2021.

A Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone were declared. Following completion of preliminary cleansing and disinfection and mandatory surveillance requirements, Scottish Ministers declared the end of these zones.

This means all zonal restrictions within this area have been lifted. Further information can be found in the Declaration.

The Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in place across the UK.

Near Gretna, Dumfriesshire 

 

Premises 2

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed at a second premises near Gretna, Dumfriesshire on 15 December 2021.

This premises was deemed a “special category premises” due to its non-commercial nature. The premises also fell within an existing 3 km Protection Zone (PZ) and 10 km Surveillance Zone (SZ), (which has since been revoked following completion of preliminary cleansing and disinfection and mandatory disinfection) , and, as a result of this, and based on a veterinary risk assessment, no new disease control zones were applied.

Premises 1 

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed at a premises near Gretna, Dumfriesshire on 3 December 2021 (see news release). 

A Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone were declared. Following completion of preliminary cleansing and disinfection and mandatory surveillance requirements, Scottish Ministers declared the end of these zones.

This means all zonal restrictions within this area have been lifted. Further information can be found in the Declaration.

The Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in place across the UK.

Near Arbroath, Angus

 

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was confirmed at a premises near Arbroath, Angus on 4 November 2021.

A Protection Zone, Surveillance Zone and Restricted Zone were declared. Following completion of preliminary cleansing and disinfection and mandatory surveillance requirements, Scottish Ministers declared the end of these zones.

This means all zonal restrictions within this area have been lifted. Further information can be found in the Declaration

The Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) remains in place across the UK.

Other parts of Great Britain

 

HPAI H5N1 has also been confirmed in parts of England and Wales. Find out more at:

Recent dead wild bird findings

The GB dead wild bird surveillance programme has identified findings of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 in a variety of wild bird species. 

Positive wild bird findings have been identified in Aberdeen City, Aberdeenshire, Angus, Argyll and Bute, Clackmannanshire, Comhairle nan Eilean Siar, Dumfries and Galloway, East Dunbartonshire, City of Edinburgh, East Lothian,Falkirk, Fife, Glasgow City, Highland, Midlothian, Moray, North Ayrshire, North Lanarkshire, Orkney, Perth and Kinross, Renfrewshire, Scottish Borders, Shetland, South Ayrshire, South Lanarkshire, Stirling and West Lothian.

In Great Britain, if you find:

  • a single dead bird of prey
  • three dead gulls or wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks), or
  • five or more dead wild birds of any other species

at the same place at the same time, you should report them to Defra’s national GB telephone helpline: 03459 33 55 77. It is advisable that you do not touch these birds.

All findings of HPAI in wild birds in Great Britain are published weekly.

map showing all HPAI cases is also available.

Bird keepers - what you should do

Good biosecurity

Good biosecurity improves the overall health and productivity of your flock by helping keep out poultry diseases and limiting the spread of disease during an outbreak.

If you keep poultry (including game birds or as pets), you should also:

Keepers with over 500 birds

Keepers with more than 500 birds need to:

  • restrict access for non-essential personnel on their sites
  • ensure workers change clothing and footwear before entering bird enclosures
  • clean and disinfect site vehicles regularly to limit the risk of disease spreading

Small flocks

Backyard owners with smaller numbers of poultry, including chickens, ducks and geese must also take steps to limit the risk of the disease spreading to their animals. This also applies if you only have a few birds as pets.

An outbreak of avian influenza in backyard poultry results in the same restrictions on movement of birds. It has the same impact on farmers and trade in poultry as an outbreak on a commercial farm would have.

Posters for land managers and local authorities

Gov.uk has published posters for land managers and local authorities to warn the public that either bird flu has been detected in the area or to not risk spreading the virus:

Bird gatherings

The Scottish bird gatherings general licence was amended to prohibit gatherings of specified species of birds. Changes took effect from 8 November 2021 at 00:01 hours and are still current.

This means gatherings are prohibited of:

  • kept galliformes (chickens, turkeys, pheasants, partridges, quails and other land fowl)
  • kept anseriformes, (ducks, geese, swans and other water fowl)

Organisers of all gatherings are encouraged to ensure their gathering complies with the conditions of the bird gathering general licence.

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