Aquaculture: code of practice

Sets out standards expected from Aquaculture Production Businesses in Scotland (“APBs”) in order to provide for the containment of fish on fish farms and to prevent their escape in relation to marine mammal interactions.


1 Biggar Economics, ‘Estimation of the Wider Economic Impacts of the Aquaculture Sector in Scotland – A Report to Marine Scotland prepared by Biggar Economics’ (June 2020) available at

2 The Code of Good Practice for Scottish Finfish Aquaculture, Chapter 4: Seawater Lochs (February 2015) available at

3 For guidance on this, please see Marine Scotland, ‘The Protection of Marine European Protected Species from Injury and Disturbance – Guidance for Scottish Inshore Water’ (July 2020) available at

4 For guidance, please see Marine Scotland’s web-based guidance on seal licensing available at

5 Any references to pens within this Code applies to any holding unit that contains fish, including cages.

6 Thompson, D., Coram, A.J., Harris, R.N. and Sparling, C.E. (2020). Review of non-lethal seal control options to limit seal predation on salmonids in rivers and fish farms. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 12 No 6; available at

7 The Code of Good Practice for Scottish Finfish Aquaculture, Chapter 4: Seawater Lochs published by the Finfish Aquaculture Sector’s Code of Good Practice Management Group (February 2015) available at

8 Marine Scotland, ‘A Technical Standard for Scottish Finfish Aquaculture, developed by the Ministerial Group for Sustainable Aquaculture’s Scottish Technical Standard Steering Group’ (June 2014) available at

9 Marine Scotland, ‘Information Note and Frequently Asked Questions for the Operators of Finfish Farms on the use of Acoustic Deterrent Devices and the Requirement for a European Protected Species Licence’ (December 2020) available at

10 Further information concerning the Scottish Marine Mammal Stranding Scheme, including information relating to reporting, is available at

11 Reporting Form (02 v1): Reporting of the Killing or Injury of Marine Mammals in the Form of Bycatch at Finfish Farms

12 Reporting Form (MMR 01 v1): Use of Non-lethal Containment Measures at Finfish Farms to deter Marine Mammals including the use of Acoustic Deterrent Devices (“ADDs”)



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