Information

Tackling child poverty delivery plan 2022-2026 - annex 3: child poverty measurement framework – updated

This annex to Best Start, Bright Futures: the second tackling child poverty delivery plan 2022 to 2026 provides an update on the measurement framework to monitor whether and how the drivers of poverty change over time.


Updated Measurement Framework

The updated measurement framework is set out in the table below and will be used, from the first progress report of the new delivery plan in 2023, to monitor how and whether the drivers of poverty are changing over time.

Driver Indicator Source
Income from Employment
Hourly pay Average hourly earnings of low income households* with children where at least one adult is in employment Family Resources Survey (FRS)
Hours worked per household Percentage of children living in households where no adult is in paid employment Annual Population Survey (APS)
Average (median) number of hours of paid employment per working-age (16-64) adult, in low income households* with children where at least one adult is in employment FRS
Labour market Percentage of parents who are underemployed – defined as unemployed, economically inactive but wanting work, or working part-time because they could not find full-time work APS
Skills under-utilisation – Percentage of employed working-age (16-64) parents with degrees who are in low and medium skilled occupations APS
New (from 2023) – Non-standard work contracts – Percentage of parents in employment in low income households who have a non-permanent contract** FRS
Skills and qualifications Percentage of all parents with no or low qualifications APS
Costs of Living
Availability of affordable and accessible transport and childcare Percentage of daycare children services that offer a service during school holidays Care Inspectorate Data
Percentage of day-care or children services that are open before, during and after school hours
Childcare affordability – Percentage of households paying for childcare for a child aged between 0 and 11 that say they find it difficult or very difficult to afford their household's childcare costs Scottish Household Survey (SHS)
New (from 2023) – Childcare costs – Exact details to be confirmed with publication of the ELC expansion evaluation strategy. Likely to measure cost of childcare for children in low income families as a proportion of household income SHS
New (from 2023) – Transport costs – Percentage of income spent on transport costs by low income households* with children
New (from 2023) – Transport accessibility – Exact details to be confirmed in line with work in national transport strategy. Will measure journey time by public transport to services by SIMD level TRACC[1], analysis from Transport Scotland
Housing costs Percentage of income spent on housing by low income households* with children FRS
Other costs of living Fuel affordability – median ratio of fuel running costs to net household income (after housing costs) for low income households Scottish House Condition Survey (SHCS)
New (from 2023) – Fuel poverty – percentage of low income households* with children in fuel poverty or extreme fuel poverty
Food affordability – percentage of income spent on food and non-alcoholic drinks by low income households with children Living Costs and Food Survey
New (from 2023) – Food security – percentage of children in low income households in low or very low food security households FRS
Debt Unmanageable debt – Percentage of all households with children that are in unmanageable debt*** Wealth and Assets Survey
Enablers Access to affordable credit – percentage of low income households* with children that have used high cost credit in the past 12 months SHS
Percentage of low income households with children that have no savings
Percentage of low income households* with children that have internet access
Income from Social Security and Benefits in Kind
Reach of benefits New (from 2023) – proportion of children who are eligible for Universal Credit FRS, with microsimulation using UKMOD
Level of benefits New (from 2023) – Real terms value (£/pw) of Universal Credit for out-of-work couple with two children / out-of-work lone parent with two children, both in Stirling receiving full Local Housing Allowance DWP, ONS
New (from 2023) – Real terms value (£/pw) of Universal Credit for couple with one working full time at minimum wage and one not in paid employment/lone parent with two children working full time at minimum wage, both in Stirling receiving full Local Housing Allowance DWP, ONS
New from 2023 – Real terms value of Scottish Child Payment (SCP) SG, ONS
Take-up New from 2023 – Take up of Scottish Child Payment SG Benefit Take-up Strategy, SG data

* low income households are defined as those within the lowest 30% of household incomes

** non-permanent contracts are fixed term or temporary jobs, work without contract, or other working arrangements

***unmanageable debt is defined as having at least one of the following three problems:

  • household debt repayments represent at least 25% of net monthly income and at least one adult in the household reports falling behind with bills or credit commitments
  • at least one adult in the household is currently in two or more consecutive months arrears on bills or credit commitments and at least one adult in the household reports falling behind with bills or credit commitments
  • household debt represents at least 20% of net annual income and at least one adult considers their debt a heavy burden

Contact

Email: TCPU@gov.scot

Back to top