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Coronavirus (COVID-19): Advisory Sub-Group on Education and Children's Issues - children, schools, early learning and childcare settings - evidence summary

Summary report of the evidence on children, schools, early learning and childcare settings and transmission from COVID-19.


Footnotes

1. NB: these children do not participate in regular testing under the schools asymptomatic testing programme, but are recommended to undertake an asymptomatic test if they receive a warn and inform letter before returning to school, and are also eligible to test to shorten isolation and to leave isolation as contacts with daily negative LFDs.

2. https://publichealthscotland.scot/media/12164/22-03-16-covid19-winter_publication_report.pdf

3. Public Health Scotland COVID-19 statistical report,

4. https://publichealthscotland.scot/media/8433/21-07-14-covid19-publication_report.pdf

5. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Survey, UK - Office for National Statistics

6. https://public.tableau.com/app/profile/phs.covid.19/viz/COVID-19DailyDashboard_15960160643010/Overview#!/vizhome/COVID-19DailyDashboard_15960160643010/Overview

7. https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/children-and-school-settings-covid-19-transmission

8. Borch L, Holm M, Knudsen M, Ellermann-Eriksen S and Hagstroem S (2022) Long COVID symptoms and duration in SARS-CoV-2 positive children — a nationwide cohort study. Eur J Pediatr (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-021-04345-z

9. Magnusson K, Skyrud KD, Suren P, Greve-Isdahl M, Størdal K, Kristoffersen DT, et al. Healthcare use in 700 000 children and adolescents for six months after covid-19: before and after register based cohort study. BMJ 2022; 376:e066809. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj-2021-066809 .

10. Borch L, Holm M, Knudsen M, Ellermann-Eriksen S and Hagstroem S (2022) Long COVID symptoms and duration in SARS-CoV-2 positive children — a nationwide cohort study. Eur J Pediatr (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-021-04345-z

11. Magnusson K, Skyrud KD, Suren P, Greve-Isdahl M, Størdal K, Kristoffersen DT, et al. Healthcare use in 700 000 children and adolescents for six months after covid-19: before and after register based cohort study. BMJ 2022; 376:e066809. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj-2021-066809 .

12. Roessler M, Tesch F, Batram M, Jacob J, Loser F, and Weidinger O, et al. Post COVID-19 in children, adolescents, and adults: results of a matched cohort study including more than 150,000 individuals with COVID-19. MedRxiv 2021. https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.10.21.21265133

13. Behnood SA, Shafran R, Bennett SD, Zhang A, O'Mahoney LL, Stephenson TJ, et al. Persistent symptoms following SARS-CoV-2 infection among children and young people: a meta-analysis of controlled and uncontrolled J Infect 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2021.11.011.

14. Zimmermann P, Pittet LF, Curtis N. How common is long COVID in children and adolescents? Pediatr Infect Dis J 2021; 40:e482–7. https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000003328.

15. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) COVID-19 rapid evidence review: Managing the long-term effects of COVID-19 for children and young people (2021) https://files.magicapp.org/guideline/08d10c67-1331-4146-9471-b15d1d93e707/files/Evidence_review_for_children_and_young_people_FINAL_r400916.pdf

16. Zavala M, Ireland G, Amin-Chowdhury Z, Ramsay ME, Ladhani SN. Acute and persistent symptoms in children with PCR-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection compared to test-negative children in England: active, prospective, national surveillance. Clin Infect Dis 2021. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciab991

17. Behnood SA, Shafran R, Bennett SD, Zhang A, O'Mahoney LL, Stephenson TJ, et al. Persistent symptoms following SARS-CoV-2 infection among children and young people: a meta-analysis of controlled and uncontrolled J Infect 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2021.11.011.

18. Zimmermann P, Pittet LF, Curtis N. How common is long COVID in children and adolescents? Pediatr Infect Dis J 2021; 40:e482–7. https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000003328.

19. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) COVID-19 rapid evidence review: Managing the long-term effects of COVID-19 for children and young people (2021) https://files.magicapp.org/guideline/08d10c67-1331-4146-9471-b15d1d93e707/files/Evidence_review_for_children_and_young_people_FINAL_r400916.pdf

20. Dumont R, Nehme M, Lorthe E, de Mestral C, Richard V, Baysson H, et al. Persistent symptoms among children and adolescents with and without anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies: a population-based serological study in Geneva, Switzerland. MedRxiv 2021. https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.12.23.21268298

21. Bergia M, Sanchez-Marcos E, Gonzalez-Haba B, Hernaiz AI, de Ceano-Vivas M, López Hortelano MG, et al. Study of prevalence and characteristics of long COVID in Spanish children. Res Sq. 2021. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-1068678/v1 .

22. Zimmermann P, Pittet LF, Curtis N. How common is long COVID in children and adolescents? Pediatr Infect Dis J 2021; 40:e482–7. https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000003328.

23. Zavala M, Ireland G, Amin-Chowdhury Z, Ramsay ME, Ladhani SN. Acute and persistent symptoms in children with PCR-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection compared to test-negative children in England: active, prospective, national surveillance. Clin Infect Dis 2021. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciab991

24. Class-of-2020.pdf (resolutionfoundation.org)

25. Marmot M, Allen J. COVID-19: exposing and amplifying inequalities. J Epidemiol Community Health 2020 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd;74:681–682

26. Whitehead M, Taylor-Robinson D, Barr B. Poverty, health, and COVID-19. BMJ 2021;372:n376.

Contact

Email: C19E&C_Secretariat@gov.scot

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