Policy actions  2 of 4

Industrial emissions

We set the Pollution Prevention and Control (PPC) regulations and have appointed the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) to enforce them as an independent regulator.

Through the joint Better Environmental Regulation (BER) programme, we aim to provide a simpler legislative framework in which SEPA can carry out its regulatory functions. Find more information on BER on SEPA's website.

These include keeping a database of annual mass releases of specified pollutants to air, water and land from industrial sites in Scotland, called the Scottish Pollutant Release Inventory (SPRI).

Find more information on PPC, including authorisation, on SEPA's website.

Industrial Emissions Directive (IED)

The PPC regulations transpose the European Union's Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) into Scottish law. The IED aims to achieve a high level of protection of human health and the environment by reducing harmful industrial emissions into the air, water and land and to avoid generating waste from large industrial installations.

The IED requires operators to be given a permit to carry out their activities, regulators then check compliance against these permits and can impose penalties where they find issues of non-compliance. SEPA performs the regulatory role in Scotland.


The Pollution Prevention and Control (Scotland) Regulations 2012 came into force on January 2013, following a consultation on the transposition of the industrial emissions directive in Scotland.

They replaced the Pollution Prevention and Control (Scotland) Regulations 2000, and are subject to periodic amendment to ensure they stay fit for purpose and up-to-date with the latest available techniques, technology and information.