Up and About or Falling Short? - A Report of the Findings of a Mapping of Services for Falls Prevention in Older People

This is a report on a mapping of falls prevention services in Scotland. The findings presented in this report represent a snapshot of service organisation in June 2011 (or October 2011 for NHS GGC CH(C)Ps).


1. Department of Health (2009) Fracture prevention service, an economic evaluation. London, Department of Health

2. World Health Organization (2004) What are the main risk factors for falls amongst older people and what are the most effective interventions to prevent these falls? Copenhagen: WHO Europe.

3. Cumming RG, Nevitt MC and Cummings SR (1997) Epidemiology of hip fractures. Epidemiological Review, 19 pp. 244-257.

4. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (2009) Management of hip fracture in older people. Edinburgh, SIGN.

5. Scottish Ambulance Service Data Warehouse (2011)

6. American Geriatrics Society, British geriatrics Society (2001) Guideline for the prevention of falls in older persons. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 49 pp.664-672.

7. Scottish Executive (2007) Co-ordinated, integrated and fit for purpose. A delivery framework for adult rehabilitation in Scotland. Edinburgh, Scottish Executive

8. Scottish Government (2011) Reshaping Care for Older People: A Programme for Change 2011 - 2021. Edinburgh, Scottish Government

9. Scottish Government (2012) Maximising Recovery and Promoting Independence: Intermediate Care's contribution to Reshaping Care. An Intermediate Care Framework for Scotland. Draft: consultation document.

10. Scottish Government (2010) Caring Together: The Carers Strategy for Scotland 2010-2015. Edinburgh, Scottish Government

11. Chief Medical Officers (2011) Start Active, Stay Active: A report on physical activity for health from the four home countries.

12. Scottish Executive Health Department (2007) Delivery framework for adult rehabilitation. Prevention of falls in older adults. NHS HDL (2007) 13.

13. NHS Quality Improvement Scotland (2010) Up & About Pathways for the prevention and management of falls and fragility fractures. Glasgow, NHS QIS

14. Scottish Government (2010) The healthcare quality strategy for NHSScotland. Edinburgh, Scottish Government,

15. American Geriatrics Society, British Geriatrics Society (2010) Clinical practice guideline: prevention of falls in older persons.

16. British Orthopaedic Association (2007) The care of patients with fragility fracture.

17. Department of Health (2010) Prevention package for older people resources. London, Department of Health

18. National Institute for Clinical Excellence (2004) Falls: The assessment and prevention of falls in older people. Clinical Guideline 21 London, NICE

19. Royal College of Physicians (2009) National Audit of the Organisation of Services for Falls and Bone Health of Older People. Public Report. London, RCP

20. Department of Health (2009) Falls and fractures: Effective intervention in health and social care. London, Department of Health

21. Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network (2003) Management of osteoporosis. Edinburgh, SIGN

22. National Institute for Clinical Excellence (2008) Osteoporosis - secondary prevention including strontium ranelate. Technology appraisal 161. London, NICE

23. McLellan AR, Reid DM, Forbes K, Reid R, Campbell C et al (2004) Effectiveness of Strategies for the Secondary Prevention of Osteoporotic Fractures in Scotland (CEPS 99/03). Glasgow, NHS Quality Improvement Scotland.

24. Department of Health (2009) Urgent care pathways for older people with complex needs. Best practice guidance. London, Department of Health

25. McLellan AR (2009) Making Scotland Europe's first nation to provide routine post-fracture assessment for secondary prevention of osteoporotic fractures: an achievable goal.

26. Royal College of Physicians (2011) Fallen standards, broken promises. Report of the national audit of falls and bone health in older people. London, RCP

27. Dementia Services Development Centre, the Joint Improvement Team, the University of Stirling (2011) Telehealthcare and falls. Using telehealthcare effectively in the support of people at risks of falling. Edinburgh

28. Sherrington C, Whitney J, Lord S, Herbert R, Cumming R, Close J (2008) Effective exercise for the prevention of falls: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Geriatr Soc, 56(12):2234-43.

29. Oliver D, Connelly JB, Victor, CR, Shaw FE, Whitehead A, Genc Y, Vanoli A, Martin FC, Gosney MA (2007) The prevention of falls and fractures in hospitals and care homes. Systematic review and meta-analyses of clinical studies of prevention strategies, with an exploration of cognitive impairment as an effect modifier. British Medical Journal, 334:82

30. Social Care and Social Work Improvement Scotland and NHSScotland (2011) Managing Falls and Fractures in care homes for older people, a good practice self-assessment resource. Communications, SCWIS

31. Help the Aged (2005). Preventing falls: Don't mention the f word. London, Help the Aged (Preventing falls: Don't mention the f word).

32. Cramer JA, Gold DT, Silverman SL, Lewiecki EM (2007). A systematic review of persistence and compliance with bisphosphonates for osteoporosis. Osteoporosis International, Aug;18(8):1023-31.


Email: Angela Worth

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