UK dolphin and porpoise conservation strategy: action sheets

Actions arising from the proposed UK Dolphin and Porpoise Conservation Strategy we are currently consulting on.



Copping A, Sather N, Hanna L, Whiting J, Zydlewski G, Staines G, Gill A, Hutchison I, O'Hagan A, Simas T, Bald J, Sparling C, Wood J, Masden E. 2016. Annex IV 2016 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World. pp 224.



Hammond, P. S., Lacey, C., Gilles, A., Viquerat, S., Börjesson, P., Herr, H., Macleod, K., Ridoux, V., Santos, M. B., Scheidat, M., Teilmann, J., Vingada, J & Øien, N. (2017). Estimates of cetacean abundance in European Atlantic waters in summer 2016 from the SCANS-III aerial and shipboard surveys. Available here:

Hammond, P.S., Macleod, K., Berggren, P., Borchers, D. L., Burt, L., Cañadas, A., Desportes, G., Donovan, G. P., Gilles, A., Gillespie, D., Gordon, J., Hiby, L., Kuklik, I., Leaper, R., Lehnert, K., Leopold, M., Lovell, P., Øien, Nils, Paxton, C. G. M., Ridoux, V., Rogan, E., Samarra, F., Scheidat, M., Sequeira, M., Siebert, U., Skov, H., Swift, R., Tasker, M. L., Teilmann, J., Van Canneyt O and Vázquez, J. A. (2013). Cetacean abundance and distribution in European Atlantic shelf waters to inform conservation and management. Biological Conservation, Volume 164, 2013, Pages 107-122, ISSN 0006-3207,

Hastie GD, Russell DJF, Lepper P, et al., 2017. Harbour seals avoid tidal turbine noise: Implications for collision risk. J Appl Ecol. 55:684–693.

Hastie, G. D., Wilson, B., Tufft, L. H. & Thompson, P. M. 2003, Bottlenose dolphins increase breathing synchrony in response to boat traffic. Marine Mammal Science 19, 74-84.

Hebridean Whale & Dolphin Trust 2001, Whale-watching in West Scotland. 1-73 (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London.

Howard, C. & Parsons, E. C. M 2006, Public Awareness of Whale-watching Opportunities in Scotland. Tourism in Marine Environments 2, 103-109, doi:10.3727/154427306779436336.

Hutchinson I, Copping A. 2016. A coordinated Action Plan for Addressing Collision Risk for Marine Mammals and Tidal Turbines.

Inman, A., Brooker, E., Dolman, S., McCann, R. & Wilson, A. M. W, 2016. The use of marine wildlife-watching codes and their role in managing activities within marine protected areas in Scotland. Ocean & Coastal Management 132, 132-142, doi: .


Jepson et al., 2016, PCB pollution continues to impact populations of orcas and other dolphins in European waters. Sci. Rep. 6, 18573; doi: 10.1038/srep18573.


Merchant, N.D. Brookes, K.L., Faulkner, R.C., Bicknell, A.W.J., Godley, B.J. & Witt, M.L. (2016) Underwater noise levels in UK waters. Scientific Reports, 6:36942. DOI: 10.1038/srep36942

National Marine Fisheries Service. (2018) 2018 Revisions to: Technical Guidance for Assessing the Effects of Anthropogenic Sound on Marine Mammal Hearing (Version 2.0): Underwater Thresholds for Onset of Permanent and Temporary Threshold Shifts. U.S. Dept. of Commer., NOAA. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-OPR-59, 167 p.

Parsons, E. C. M. & Woods-Ballard, A. 2003, Acceptance of Voluntary Whalewatching Codes of Conduct in West Scotland: The Effectiveness of Governmental Versus Industry-led Guidelines. Current issues in Tourism 6, 172-182 .

Rawles, C. J. G. & Parsons, E. C. M. 2005, Environmental motivation of whale-watching tourists in Scotland. Tourism in Marine Environments 1, 129-132.

Scott, N. J. & Parsons, E. C. M. 2005, A survey of public opinion in south-west Scotland on cetacean conservation issues. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 15, 299-312, doi:10.1002/aqc.662.

Sini, M. I., Canning, S. J., Stockin, K. A. & Pierce, G. J. 2005, Bottlenose dolphins around Aberdeen harbour, north-east Scotland: a short study of habitat utilization and the potential effects of boat traffic. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 85, 1547-1554.

Stuart-Smith & Jepson, 2017, Persistent threats need persistent counteraction: Responding to PCB pollution in marine mammals. Marine Policy, 84, 69-75; doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2017.06.033

UKMBMS, 2017. The UK Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Strategy Version 4.1



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