Trafficking and exploitation strategy: second annual progress report

Report setting out progress implementing the trafficking and exploitation strategy in 2018 to 2019.

Section 5
Measures of progress

Measure Definition 2018/19 data
Identify victims and support them to safety and recovery
Number of potential victims identified All victims (adults and children) who entered the NRM and (in due course) those identified through the ‘duty to notify’ process The full 2018 annual report was published by the National Crime Agency in March 2019, including a breakdown in referrals from Scotland:

Key figures for Scotland in 2018:

Total referrals: 228 (10.2% increase on 2017)

 55% of all cases reported to the National Referral Mechanism in 2018 from Scotland related to labour exploitation.

The most common nationality of victims was Vietnamese (66) and Chinese (37). The most common European nationality was Romanian (12).
Number of adult victims provided with support Reports from the support provider TARA supported 83 women over the course of 2018/19. TARA provided 28 women with crisis accommodation and supported 3 repatriations in the period.

On 31.03.19 TARA had:

  • 52 open cases
  • 50 of these cases had been submitted to the National Referral Mechanism (NRM)
  • 50 positive Reasonable Grounds (RG) decisions had been received
  • 17 positive Conclusive Grounds (CG) decisions had been received with ongoing support needs
  • 33 CG decisions outstanding with ongoing support needs
  • 2 cases not submitted to the NRM at 31.03.19 due to complex needs
The average length of time current cases have been in receipt of support is 9 months (although it should be noted that this is skewed by the large number (17) of cases taken on during the final quarter of 2018/19 and where support has only been provided for 1-3 months.

Migrant Help supported 215 cases in 2018/19 including 147 clients referred to the NRM.
  • 33 cases where a positive CG was made
  • 37 cases where a negative CG was made
  • 26 cases where a negative RG was made
  • 8 cases where the clients decided to leave Scotland
  • 4 cases where the clients absconded
  • 3 cases where clients repatriated
  • 59 cases where the CG is outstanding and support level is low
  • 10 cases where the CG is outstanding and the support level is high
Number of trafficked or exploited children supported through the child protection system This will be based on the returns already provided to the Scottish Government by local authorities The most recent figures in the children’s social work statistics published in March are for 2017/18. The number for the child trafficking indicator is grouped within the “Other Concerns” category in the publication. A copy of the full report can be accessed here:
Number of children who are allocated an independent child trafficking guardian (ICTG) Number of children who receive the support of an ICTG A public consultation on ICTGs is planned for 2019.

In the meantime, Scotland provided additional support for those children who have been trafficked, and for whom no-one in the UK holds parental responsibilities, through the Scottish Guardianship Service:
  • The Scottish Guardianship Service had 81 new referrals in the 2018 calendar year
  • Between 01.01.19 and 30.05.19,  38 new referrals were received.
  • The Scottish Guardianship Service has supported 482 unaccompanied young people and provided partial support to 31 Dubs cases. A total of 513 young people have been supported since 2010.
Identify perpetrators and disrupt their activity
Number of individuals convicted for the offences Persons convicted in that year under section 1 and section 4 of the Act and also under earlier legislation (section 22 of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2003, section 4 of the Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimaints etc.) Act 2004 and section 47 of the Criminal Justice Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 Fewer than 5 convictions under the offences listed

NB: For data protection purposes the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service now applies a policy of suppression where the total of an individual data set is fewer than 5
Number of individuals convicted of offences with a human trafficking background Convictions using the aggravations set out in sections 5, 6 and 7 of the Act in that year Nil
Number of orders made under Part 4 of the Act Orders made in that year using the powers in Part 4 of the Act Nil
Address the conditions that foster trafficking and exploitation
Public awareness of the issue of human trafficking and exploitation Questions in face-to-face survey conducted annually
The research was conducted using a face-to-face, in-home, CAPI Omnibus survey – the Scottish Opinion Survey (SOS) – as the method for data collection. Three waves of research have now been conducted:
  • Wave 1 (2017) A sample of 1,025 adults aged 16+ was interviewed across Scotland between 1 and 26 March 2017.
  • Wave 2 (2018): A sample of 1,008 adults aged 16+ was interviewed across Scotland between 28 February and 2 April 2018
  • Wave 3 (2019): A sample of 1,082 adults aged 16+ was interviewed across Scotland between 20th February and 20th March 2019.
Percentage of respondents stating that Human Trafficking is a problem ‘to a great extent’ in each area:

The latest Survey suggests that awareness of human trafficking is being maintained but there is an ongoing challenge to focus messaging about it happening in Scotland and local communities.
Infrastructure and partnership working
Numbers of statutory bodies that have specific referral mechanisms for human trafficking and exploitation within their organisation and using them Self-reporting through the Strategy Implementation Group Section 38 of the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act 2015 places a duty on Scottish public authorities to notify the Chief Constable of Police Scotland about a person who is, or appears to be, a victim of an offence under the Act. Notifications must not contain any information which could identify individuals unless consent has been given to do so.

The public consultation in respect of the duty launched on 16 June 2019 and will run to 6 September 2019. 
Number of organisations (statutory and non-statutory) within Scotland that have action plans or similar that contribute to delivering the overall aims of the Strategy Self-reporting through the Stakeholder Forum arrangement Slavery and Human Trafficking Guidance for Businesses was published by the Scottish Government in October 2018 in order to help organisations identify and prevent human trafficking and exploitation across their operations.

Following its launch the Cabinet Secretary for Justice wrote to
8 notable Scottish companies that did not have a Slavery and Human Trafficking Statement clearly visible on their website to encourage them to use this new guidance to meet their ethical and legal obligations to tackle and prevent human trafficking and exploitation. All of these organisations have now confirmed their compliance with the Modern Slavery Act.



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