8 The right to life requires States "to take all positive measures…to increase life expectancy…", UN Human Rights Committee, General Comment No. 06: The right to life (art. 6):. 30/04/1982. CCPR General Comment No. 6. (General
Comments), para 5.
9 The right to the highest attainable standard of health includes a right to healthy working conditions, a healthy environment, access to health related education and information and "prevention and reduction of the population's exposure to harmful substances." It also includes an obligation to "discourage the production, marketing and consumption of tobacco". UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, General Comment No. 14, The right to the highest attainable standard of health (article 12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights), 11 August 2000, UN Doc. E/C.12/2000/4.
13 2010 SALSUS data shows smoking rates of: 3% among 13 year old girls (against 2014 target of 3%); 3% among 13 year old boys (against 2014 target of 2%); 14% among 15 year old girls (against 2014 target of 14%); 11% among 15 year old boys (against 2014 target of 9%).
17 Office for National Statistics. 2012. General Lifestyle Survey Overview: A report on the 2010 General Lifestyle Survey. Newport: Office for National Statistics
19 Meltzer, H, Lader, D, Corbin, T, Goodman, R & Ford, T (2004) The mental health of young people looked after by local authorities in Scotland, London: TSO
20 Towards a future without tobacco: The Report of The Smoking Prevention Working Group
22 See for example UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comment no. 4: adolescent health, 1 July 2003, UN Doc. CRC/GC/2003/4, para 10.
23 Campbell R, Starkey F, Holliday J, Audrey S, Bloor M, Parry-Langdon N, Hughes R, Moore L. 2008. An informal schoolbased peer-led intervention for smoking prevention in adolescence (ASSIST): a cluster randomised trial. Lancet. May 10;371(9624):1595-602.
Hollingworth W, Cohen D, Hawkins J, Hughes RA, Moore LA, Holliday JC, Audrey S, Starkey F, Campbell R. 2012. Reducing smoking in adolescents: cost-effectiveness results from the cluster randomized ASSIST (A Stop Smoking In Schools Trial). Nicotine and Tobacco Research. Feb;14(2):161-8.
Mercken L, Moore L, Crone MR, De Vries H, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Lien N, Fagiano, F, Vitória PD, Van Lenthe FJ. 2012. The effectiveness of school-based smoking prevention interventions among low- and high-SES European teenagers. Health Education Research. Jun;27(3):459-69.
26 International Agency for Research on Cancer, World Health Organization (IARC). (2011) Handbook Volume 14 - Effectiveness of Tax and Price Policies for Tobacco Control. IARC: Lyon.
28 Oberg M, et al. Worldwide burden of disease from exposure to second-hand smoke: a retrospective analysis of data from 192 countries. Lancet. 2011; 377(9760):139-146.doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61388-8. http://www.ncbi.nih.gov/pubmed/21112082
29 See for example UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comment no. 4: adolescent health, 1 July 2003, UN Doc. CRC/GC/2003/4, para 10.
(Section 3.4 - Evidence for intensive interventions offered by specialist smoking cessation services)
35 NHS Smoking Cessation Service Statistics (Scotland) 1st April 2011 to 31st March 2012 http://www.scotpho.org.uk/publications/reports-and-papers/908-nhs-smoking-cessation-service-statistics-scotland-1st-april-2011-to-31stmarch-2012
36 Scottish Health Survey 2010, Scottish Government, Main Report, Chapter 4 - Smoking. Available from:
38 Review of the Community Pharmacy Public Health Service for Smoking Cessation and Emergency Hormonal Contraception, Scottish Government Nov 2011 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2011/11/25084749/14
39 Evaluation of users experiences and perceptions of the Smokeline stop smoking telephone support service report, NHS Health Scotland 2010 http://www.healthscotland.com/documents/4084.aspx
40 NHS Smoking Cessation Service Statistics (Scotland) 1st January to 31st December 2011 http://www.scotpho.org. uk/publications/reports-and-papers/864-nhs-smoking-cessation-service-statistics-scotland-1st-january-to-31stdecember- 2011
42 NHS Health Scotland and ASH Scotland (2010). A guide to smoking cessation in Scotland 2010. NHS Health Scotland, Edinburgh. http://www.healthscotland.com/documents/4661.aspx
44 Source: Shipton D, Tappin D, Vadiveloo T, Crossley J, Aitken D, Chalmers J. Reliability of self reported smoking status by pregnant women for estimating smoking prevalence: a retrospective, cross sectional study. BMJ 2009;339:b4347. www.bmj.com/content/339/bmj.b4347.full
Email: Lee-Anne Raeburn