Solway Firth Special Protection Area: business and regulatory impact assessment

An assessment of the business and regulatory impacts of classifying the Solway Firth Special Protection Area.

Appendix A: Ecosystem Services Benefits, Solway Firth

Summary of Ecosystem Services Benefits arising from Classification of the Site as an SPA
Services Relevance to Site Baseline Level Estimated Impacts of Classification Value Weighting Scale of Benefits Confidence
Lower Intermediate  Upper
Fish for human consumption Moderate, benthic habitats contribute to the food web  Stocks not at MSY Nil Low, small increase in fish stocks possible  Low Minimal - Low Moderate
Fish for non-human consumption Stocks reduced from potential maximum
Gas and climate regulation Minimal Minimal  Nil Low Nil  High
Non-use value of natural environment Moderate, bird species, and contribution of the site to MPA network, have non-use value. Non-use value of the site may decline Minimal Low, maintain features of site Moderate, protection of features of site from decline, possibly allowing some recovery, but parts of site already protected Moderate, range of features contributes to maintaining marine biodiversity  Low - Moderate Moderate, extent of features, responses to management measures, and value to society all uncertain
Recreation Moderate - High, wildlife tourism and recreation at site  Recreation value of the site may decline Minimal, protection of features of site Low - Moderate, protection of features of site that contribute to recreation, possibly allowing some recovery Moderate, recreation and tourism support jobs, but substitutes are available.  Low - Moderate Moderate, significance of change from management measures uncertain.
Research and Education Moderate, features have research value, but there are substitutes Value of site may decline  Minimal, protection of features of site Low, protection of key characteristics of site from decline, improving future research opportunities. Classification may play role in communicating management needs. Low, for individual features. Moderate for opportunity to understand response of range of features to management. Low  Low – Moderate, extent to which research uses site in future uncertain.
Total value of changes in ecosystem services Minimal for lower scenario, Low - moderate for intermediate and upper scenarios  Low - Moderate  Low        



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