- 30 Oct 2018
Sheep and goat pox affect sheep and goats. Humans aren’t affected.
Symptoms of the diseases include:
- female animals produce less milk and have abortions
- nodules (bumps) in the skin, mouth and nose that cause pain
- swollen and tender udder or testicles
- tongue lesions (damage to the skin)
- discharge from the nose and eyes
- swollen lymph nodes
How goat and sheep pox are spread
The major route for spread of the disease is direct contact between infected animals.
Minor routes of infection are:
- contaminated objects such as farm equipment, vehicles, bedding and fodder
- insects spreading the disease
Human health implications
There are no human health implications because the disease is not zoonotic.
How to control the disease
An outbreak will be controlled in line with the contingency framework for exotic notifiable animal diseases.
Sheep and goat pox are covered by the Specified Diseases (Notification and Slaughter) Order 1992 and the Specified Diseases (Notification) Order 1996.
Sheep and goat pox are also covered by EU Council Directive 92/119.
Biosecurity is about being aware of the ways disease can spread and taking every practical measure to minimise the risk of disease spreading. The advice details practical things you can do on your farm to help prevent the introduction and spread of sheep and goat pox to and from your animals.
If you suspect signs of any notifiable diseases, you must immediately notify your Scotland: field service local office at the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA). Failure to do so is an offence.