The Self-directed Support Act came into force on 1 st April 2014 and places a duty on local authorities to offer people who are eligible for social care a range of choices over how they receive their social care services and support. Self-directed Support ( SDS) allows people, their carers and their families to make informed choices on what their support looks like and how it is delivered. The Act means that, since 1 st April 2014, local authorities have been required to offer these choices to all new social care clients, and to all existing clients at point of review. The data in this report relates to the first year of implementation of SDS (2014-15). It is envisioned that the number of people who have been offered SDS will grow as local authorities review existing cases.
SDS allows people to choose a number of different options for getting support. The person's individual budget can be:
Option 1 Taken as a Direct Payment.
Option 2 Allocated to a provider that the person chooses - the council holds the budget but the person is in charge of how it is spent.
Option 3 The person can choose a council arranged service.
Option 4 The person can choose a mix of these options for different types of support.
The Scottish Government has been collecting data on Direct Payments (Option 1) since 2001 and as part of the annual Social Care Survey from 2013. The introduction of SDS has resulted in changes to the format of the Social Care Survey 2015, with information now being gathered about the provision of services and support through all of the SDS options over the course of the 2014-15 financial year.
This report provides analysis of information collected by the 2015 Social Care Survey for all of the Self-Directed Support options. Further analysis of the 2014-15 Direct Payments data can be found in the publication 'Social Care Services, Scotland, 2015': http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/11/5804
The introduction of SDS is a significant change to practice that will take many years to fully embed. It has required changes to the data that is collected and the design of new systems to collect and record that data. As a result, the 2014-15 data on SDS for many local authorities remains incomplete. The results presented here should be interpreted with this in mind.
The remainder of this report is divided into three Sections. Section 2 discusses issues surrounding the implementation rate of SDS across local authorities and the extent of data recording issues. Section 3 presents analysis of social care clients who made a choice regarding their services and support in 2014-15. Finally, Section 4 presents data on expenditure that was budgeted for social care clients who made a choice regarding their services and support in 2014-15.