Seas off Foula Special Protection Area: business and regulatory impact assessment

Business and Regulatory Impact Assessment (BRIA) of classifying the Seas off Foula Special Protection Area.

Appendix A - Ecosystem Services Benefits, Seas off Foula

Summary of Ecosystem Services Benefits arising from Classification of the Site as an SPA
Services Relevance
to Site
Baseline Level Estimated Impacts of Classification Value Weighting Scale of Benefits Confidence
Lower Intermediate  Upper
Fish for human consumption Low, contributes to the food web  Stocks not at MSY Nil Nil  Minimal, small increase in fish stocks possible  Low Minimal Moderate
Fish for non-human consumption Stocks reduced from potential maximum
Gas and climate regulation Nil Nil  Nil Nil Nil  High
Non-use value of natural environment Moderate, bird species, and contribution of the site to MPA network, have non-use value. Non-use value of the site may decline Minimal Low, maintain features of site Moderate, protection of features of site from decline, possibly allowing some recovery Moderate, contributes to maintaining marine biodiversity  Low  Moderate, response of feature to management measures, and value to society, uncertain
Recreation Low - Moderate, inaccessible site, but limited wildlife tourism, but features contribute to Shetland tourism.  Recreation value of the site may decline Minimal, protection of features of site Minimal, protection of site contributes to recreation, possibly allowing some recovery Moderate, tourism supports jobs, but substitutes are available Minimal Moderate, significance of change from management measures uncertain.
Research and Education Moderate, features have research value, but there are substitutes Value of site may decline  Minimal, protection of features of site Low, protection maintains future research opportunities. Classification may play role in communicating management needs. Low Low  Moderate, extent to which research uses site in future uncertain.
Total value of changes in ecosystem services Minimal for lower scenario, Low for intermediate and upper scenarios Low Moderate



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