Chapter 8 Respiratory
Prevalence of self-reported asthma diagnoses among adults increased from 13% in 2003 to 16% in 2012 and has remained stable since (17% in 2018).
In 2018, 8% of all children aged 0 to 15 were reported to be diagnosed with asthma by a doctor – the lowest level to date.
There was not a significant difference in this prevalence between boys (9%) and girls (7%).
- The percentage of adults aged 16 and over who had wheezed in the last 12 months was 16% in 2018. This has not changed significantly since 2003.
- The proportion of children who were reported as having wheezed in the last 12 months was at its lowest in 2018 (10%) compared with between 12% and 14% between 2003 and 2017.
- In 2018, 4% of adults reported having chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), continuing the stable level since 2008.
- COPD was four times higher among adults living in the most deprived areas (8%) compared with those living in the least deprived areas (2%).
- The prevalence of doctor-diagnosed COPD was thirteen times higher among smokers who smoked 20 or more cigarettes a day (13%) compared with among those who have never smoked regularly (1%).
Difference in asthma diagnosis and wheezing between the most deprived and least deprived areas in 2018
- 37% most deprived
- 28% least deprived
Wheezed in last 12 months
- 25% most deprived
- 21% least deprived
- 18% most deprived
- 13% least deprived
Adults who smoked 20 or more cigarettes a day were more than three times more likely to have wheezed in the last 12 months than those that have never smoked regularly.
- 37% Smoked 20+ cigarettes a day
- 11% Those that have never smoked regularly
72% of adults diagnosed with COPD reported having received treatment for this, with older adults more likely to have done so.
- 63% of those aged 16-64
- 80% of those aged 65 and over