1. A 1990 base-year is used for carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. A 1995 base-year is used for fluorinated gases (F-gases): hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6), nitrogen trifluoride (NF3).
3. The Climate Change (Annual Targets) (Scotland) Order 2010, SSI 2010 no. 359: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2010/359/contents/made
4. The Climate Change (Annual Targets)(Scotland) Order 2011, SSI 2011 no. 353: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2011/353/contents/made
5. The Climate Change (Annual Targets) (Scotland) Order 2016, SSI 2016 No. 328 http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2016/328/contents/made
9. Figures may not sum due to rounding. Figures sourced from the official statistics publication Scottish Greenhouse Gas Emissions, 2017.
10. The Climate Change (Additional Greenhouse Gas) (Scotland) Order 2015 (http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2015/197/pdfs/ssi_20150197_en.pdf ) adds nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) to the basket of greenhouse gases covered by the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009.
11. http://naei.beis.gov.uk /
14. Previous annual target reports are available on the Scottish Government website at: www.gov.scot/
15. If an amount mentioned in subsection 3(a) or subsection (5)(a) or (b) for an earlier period requires to be adjusted, the report must explain why the adjustment is required; specify the adjustment required; and state the adjusted amount (section (34(8) of Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009).
17. Carbon units are emissions allowances that represent 1 tCO2e each. The types of units specified are internationally recognised and are monitored and tracked under United Nations and European Union rules. The units are subject to significant scrutiny and are accepted as representing genuine and verifiable emissions reductions.
18. The Regulations were made in 2010, and subsequently amended in 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019.
20. For the purpose of calculating the domestic effort target, Section 8(3) of the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 stipulates that the use of carbon units through the operation of the EU ETS is treated as though it is a reduction in "net Scottish emissions".
21. Sourced from SEPA analysis.
22. If (E – F) is positive, carbon units are credited to the NSEA, thus reducing its level.
23. If (E – F) is negative, carbon units are debited from the NSEA, thus increasing its level.
24. Figures sourced from table C1 of the official statistics release: Scottish Greenhouse Gas Emissions 2017.
25. Previous annual target reports are available on the Scottish Government website at: www.gov.scot/
26. Figures may not sum due to rounding.
27. Figures may not sum due to rounding.
28. Published by the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS). The data are available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/energy-trends-december-2018-special-feature-articles
30. Electricity generation figures for Scotland are sourced from Electricity generation and supply figures for Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and England, 2004 to 2017 available at https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/energy-trends-december-2018-special-feature-article-electricity-generation-and-supply-figures-for-scotland-wales-northern-ireland-and-england-2
31. 2023 is chosen as it is considered plausible for generation consented in 2017 to become operational by this date. The results assume that all projects are operating for the full calendar year.
32. Published by the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS). The data are available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/energy-trends-december-2018-special-feature-articles
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