3 The 2011 census estimates that there were 1,042,597 people under 18 in Scotland, see http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/ods-web/standard-outputs.html.
7 Kennedy, N. & Hellen, M. (2010) Transgender children: more than a theoretical challenge. Graduate Journal of Social Science, 7 (2), 25–43.
8 Ristori, J and Steensma T.D “Gender dysphoria in childhood” in International Review of Psychiatry, Gender dysphoria and gender incongruence, Vol 28, 2016 Issue 1.
9 Wallien and Cohen-Kettenis “Psychosexual outcome of gender-dysphoric children” Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry , 47, 1413–1423.
10 Di Ceglie, D., Freedman, D., McPherson, S. & Richardson, P. (2002) Children and Adolescents Referred to a Specialist Gender Identity Development Service: Clinical Features and Demographic Characteristics. International Journal of Transgenderism.
11 Di Ceglie etc al (2010) above, and Steensma T.D et al (2010) “Desisting and persisting gender dysphoria after childhood; A qualitative follow up study”, Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry Vol16 issue 4
12 Steensma T.D et al (2010) above.
13 This was indicated in the studies referenced in Annex A which used the Child Behaviour Checklist
14 Mental Health of Transgender Youth in Care at and Adolescent Urban Community Health Centre: A Matched Retrospective Cohort Study, Sari L. Reisner and Ors, Journal of Adolescent Health March 2015 Vol 56 Issue 3 pages 274-279
15 Rebeca Robles et al “Removing transgender identity from the classification of mental disorders: a Mexican field study for ICD-11” http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30165-1
16 Dhejne C et al “Mental Health and gender dysphoria: A review of the literature (2016)
19 At http://www.sandyford.org/.
21 Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act 1997, section 24(2).
23 Information on the process is at http://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/life-events/births-adoptions/births/birth-certificates/change-of-gender-designation-on-birth-certificates. The legislation is the Vital Statistics Act, at section 27 here- http://www.bclaws.ca/civix/document/id/complete/statreg/96479_01.
27 At http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1995/0016/latest/versions.aspx?search=ts_act%40bill%40regulation%40deemedreg_births+deaths+marriages+and+relationships+act+1995_resel_25_a&p=1 and http://www.youthlaw.co.nz/information/relationships/marriage-civil-unions-de-facto-2/ .
28 Unless the child has an intersex condition/variation of sex development, in which case an application can be made notwithstanding they are under 6 years of age.
29 The Scottish Government understands that the age of legal majority is 18 in Spain. See The Legal Status of Transsexual and Transgender Persons, Jens M Scherpe (ed) Spain at page 268.