Moray Firth Special Protection Area: business and regulatory impact assessment

Business and Regulatory Impact Assessment (BRIA) of classifying the Moray Firth Special Protection Area.

Appendix A: Ecosystem Services Benefits

Summary of Ecosystem Services Benefits arising from Classification of the Site as an SPA
Services Relevance to Site Baseline Level Estimated Impacts of Classification Value Weighting Scale of Benefits Confidence
Lower Intermediate  Upper
Fish for human consumption Moderate, benthic habitats contributes to the food web Stocks not at MSY Nil Low, recovery of fish stocks possible in medium to long term from protection of benthic features Moderate, recovery of fish stocks possible in medium to long term due to extent of protection of benthic features Low Minimal - Low Moderate
Fish for non-human consumption Stocks reduced from potential maximum
Gas and climate regulation Minimal Minimal  Nil Low Nil  High
Non-use value of natural environment Moderate, bird species, and contribution of the site to MPA network, have non-use value. Non-use value of the site may decline Minimal, protection of features of site  Low, maintain features of site Low - Moderate, protection of features of site from decline, and/or allowing some recovery, but main habitats within site already protected Moderate, range of features contributes to maintaining biodiversity, and have non-use value similar to Ythan Estuary (Jacobs et al. 2004). Low - Moderate Moderate, response of feature to management measures, and value to society, uncertain
Recreation Moderate - High, wildlife tourism and recreation at site  Recreation value of the site may decline Minimal Low, protection of features of site that contribute to recreation  Moderate, protection of features of site from decline that contribute to recreation, and/or allowing some recovery Moderate, recreation and tourism support jobs, but substitutes are available.  Low - Moderate. Moderate, extent of change from management measures uncertain.
Research and Education Moderate, features have research value, but there are substitutes Value of site may decline  Minimal  Low, protection maintains future research opportunities. Classification may play role in communicating management needs. Low, for individual features. Moderate for opportunity to understand response of range of features to management. Low  Low – Moderate, extent to which research uses site in future uncertain.
Total value of changes in ecosystem services Minimal for lower scenario, Low - moderate for intermediate and upper scenarios. Based on recreational and non-use value of site. Low - Moderate Moderate



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