Monitoring the outcomes of planning: a research study

Discusses issues related to performance management and informs future work on developing new approaches to assessing performance in the planning system.

Annex 2: Bibliography

Adams, D and Watkins, C (2014) The Value of Planning ( RTPI Research Report No 5)

Adams, D, O'Sullivan, M et al (2016) Delivering the Value of Planning ( RTPI Research Report No 15)

Alexander, E (2011) "Evaluating Planning: What is successful planning and how can we measure it", in Hull A et al (eds), Evaluation for Participation and Sustainability in Planning, Routledge

Arup (2011) A Strategic Monitoring Framework for the Planning System (Research Report for the Welsh Government)

Arup (2015) Investing in Delivery: how we can respond to the pressures on local authority planning ( RTPI Research Report No 10)

Atkinson, R. and Zimmermann, K. (2018) "European spatial planning policy" in Heinelt, H. and Munch, S., eds. (2018) Handbook on EU Policies, E Elgar

Camona, M and Sieh, L (2004) Measuring Quality in Planning: Managing the performance process, Routledge

Centre for Urban Policy Studies (2008) Measuring the Outcomes of Spatial Planning in England, RTPI

Christie, C (2011) Report on the Future Delivery of Public Services, Public Services Commission

Cook, A (2017) Outcomes-Based Approaches in Public Service Reform, What Works Scotland Position Paper

Evaluation Support Scotland (2018) Understanding Intermediaries' Impact: a resource

Fleming, T (2015) Progressing Performance: Investing in Scotland's Planning Service, RTPI Scotland

Gonzalez, A et al (2015) "Indicators for Spatial Planning and Territorial Cohesion: Stakeholder-Driven Selection Approach for Improving Usability at Local and Regional Levels", Regional Studies check reference

Grădinaru, S (2017) "Are spatial planning objectives reflected in the evolution of urban landscape patterns? A framework for the evolution of spatial planning outcomes" (

Heads of Planning Scotland ( HOPS) (2012) Planning Performance Framework

HOPS (2017) Planning Performance Framework: Annual Report Guidance Notes V6

Hersperger, A M et al (2017) "Evaluating outcomes in planning: Indicators and reference values for Swiss landscapes", Ecological Indicators, 77

HM Treasury (2018) The Green Book: Central Government Guidance on Appraisal and Evaluation

Independent Review Panel (2016) Empowering Planning to Deliver Great Places: an independent review of the Scottish planning system

Kevin Murray Associates ( KMA) (2017) Planning Review: Analysis of Consultation Responses, Scottish Government

Lord, A et al (2015) Planning as "market maker": How planning is used to stimulate development in Germany, France and the Netherlands ( RTPI Research Report No 11)

McLaren, C (2017) People, Places and Planning: Developing Skills, Behaviour and Knowledge to Deliver Outcomes, RTPI Scotland

Mashiri, M et al (2017) "Towards a Framework for Measuring Spatial Planning Outcomes in South Africa", Sociology & Anthropology, 5

Morris Hargreaves McIntyre (2006) A Literature Review of the Social, Economic and Environmental Impact of Architecture and Design, Scottish Executive Social Research

Public Health England (2017) Spatial Planning for Health: an evidence resource for planning and designing healthier places

Rae, A and Wong, C (2012) "Monitoring Spatial Planning Policies: Towards and analytical, adaptive and spatial approach to a 'wicked problem'", Environment & Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science

RTPI (2010) Shaping the Future

RTPI (2014) Planning Horizons No 1: Thinking Spatially – Why places need to be at the heart of policy-making in the twenty-first century

Schmidt, S et al (2017) "How Effective are Regions in Determining Urban Spatial Patterns? Evidence from Germany", Journal of Urban Affairs, 39

Scottish Enterprise (1997) Output Measurement Framework: Guidelines

Scottish Government (2011) Scottish Public Finance Manual (

Scottish Government (2013) Creating Places: A policy statement on architecture and place for Scotland

Scottish Government (2014) Scottish Planning Policy

Scottish Government (2017a) People, Places and Planning: A consultation on the future of the Scottish Planning System

Scottish Government (2017b) People, Places and Planning: Position statement

Scottish Government (2017c) Planning (Scotland) Bill: Policy Memorandum

Segura, S and Pedregal, B (2017) "Monitoring and Evaluation Framework for Spatial Plans: A Spanish Case Study", Sustainability, 9

United Nations (2017) New Urban Agenda

UN-Habitat (2018) Leading Change: Delivering the New Urban Agenda through Urban and Territorial Planning

Woltjer, J et al (2016) Plan-Based Evaluation for Integrated Land-Use, Taylor & Francis

Wong, C (2006) Indicators for Urban and Regional Planning: The interplay of policy and methods, Routledge

Wong, C and Watkins, C (2009) "Conceptualising Spatial Planning Outcomes: Towards an integrative measurement framework", Town Planning Review, 80/4

yellow book ltd (2017) Barriers to Community Engagement in Planning, Scottish Government Research Study


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