Publication - Statistics

Long-term monitoring of health inequalities: January 2021 report

Published: 26 Jan 2021

Annual update of the long-term monitoring of health inequalities headline indicators.

Long-term monitoring of health inequalities: January 2021 report
Indicators

Indicators

The indicators monitored by this report series are:

Headline indicators of health inequalities

  • Healthy life expectancy (HLE)
  • Premature mortality from all causes (aged under 75 years)
  • Mental wellbeing of adults (aged 16+)

Indicators of inequalities in morbidity and mortality

  • Coronary heart disease (CHD): first ever hospital admission for heart attack (aged under 75 years)
  • Coronary heart disease (CHD): deaths (aged 45-74 years)
  • Cancer: incidence (aged under 75 years)
  • Cancer: deaths (aged 45-74 years)
  • Alcohol: first hospital admissions (aged under 75 years)
  • Alcohol: deaths (aged 45-74 years)
  • All-cause mortality (aged 15-44 years)
  • Low birthweight
  • Healthy birthweight
  • Self-assessed health of adults (aged 16+)
  • Limiting long-term conditions amongst adults (aged 16+)
  • Drugs: hospital admissions (aged under 75 years)

This year's report does not include results for cancer deaths as the production of data necessary for this report has been delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Supplementary tables showing the most up-to-date trends in relative and absolute inequalities for all indicators are available in the supporting files section.

Methods

The report uses a combination of measures of health inequalities to give a fuller understanding of the different aspects of inequalities. These are:

  • Scale: How big is the problem? This measure describes the underlying scale of the problem, puts it into context and presents past trends at Scotland level.
  • Relative Index of Inequality (RII): How steep is the inequalities gradient? This describes the gradient of health observed across the deprivation scale, relative to the mean health of the whole population. Unless explicitly explained, the RII indicates the extent to which health outcomes are better in the least deprived areas, or worse in the most deprived areas, compared to the mean.
  • Absolute range: How big is the gap? This measure describes the absolute difference between the extremes of deprivation.

Following recommendations from the expert group, an area-based index derived from the income and employment domains of the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) is used to define deprivation. This reflects the absence of individual-level data on socio-economic circumstance.

The index is referred to as the Income and Employment Index (IEI).

These indicators and measures were recommended for long-term monitoring of deprivation-related health inequalities at Scotland level. Monitoring health inequalities due to other factors, such as age, gender and ethnicity, and indicators at a local level, may require different indicators and measures. Further information on the methods is provided in Annex 1.


Contact

Email: scottishhealthsurvey@gov.scot