Information

Long Term Monitoring of Health Inequalities: Headline Indicators – October 2015

Annual update of the 'Long-term Monitoring of Health Inequalities' headline indicators.

This document is part of a collection


Inequalities in morbidity and mortality indicators

The relative index of inequality (RII) indicates the extent to which health outcomes are worse in the most deprived areas compared to the average throughout Scotland. While comparisons of RII between indicators are possible, they should be made with some caution, in particular where absolute values are significantly higher or lower in the compared indicators or where the measurement scale differs (for example, relative inequalities in Mental Wellbeing scores, which are based on responses to survey questions, compared to relative inequalities in an age-standardised mortality rate).

The following charts group indicators in this report into broadly comparable categories: the first shows hospital admissions and incidence of conditions for people belonging to the under 75 age group; while the second shows mortality rates in the 45-74 age group for three causes of death.

Although relative inequalities in alcohol-related hospital admissions have declined over the long term and heart attack hospital admissions inequalities have increased in the years since 2008, relative inequalities have remained highest in the alcohol-related indicators throughout the period covered by this report. Inequalities in cancer incidence have been more stable in relative terms.

Figure 4.1 Relative Index of Inequality (RII) Selected morbidity indicators (ages <75 years) Scotland 1997 - 2013

Figure 4.1 Relative Index of Inequality (RII) Selected morbidity indicators (ages <75 years) Scotland 1997 - 2013

Despite a drop in 2013, relative inequalities in CHD mortality among adults aged 45-74 have increased over the long term. Alcohol-related deaths relative inequalities have shown more year to year fluctuation but also dropped in the last year.

Although RII in cancer mortality has increased slightly over the longer term, inequalities remain widest in alcohol-related deaths and coronary heart disease deaths.

Figure 4.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII) Mortality indicators (ages 45-74 years) Scotland 1997-2013

Figure 4.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII) Mortality indicators (ages 45-74 years) Scotland 1997-2013

Coronary Heart Disease - first ever hospital admission for heart attack aged under 75 years

Trends in heart attack hospital admissions

In 2013, around 4,700 new cases of heart attack (for those aged under 75 years) were recorded in Scottish hospitals. The rate of admissions is 32% lower than in 1997 but, despite a small decrease in the last year, the recent trend has been increasing after admissions reached their lowest level in 2007.

Inequalities in hospital heart attack hospital admissions, 2013

The latest admission rate in Scotland's most deprived areas is 2.4 times greater than that of the least deprived (156.5 cases per 100,000 compared to 65.1 per 100,000).

Figure 5.1 Hospital admissions for heart attack among those aged <75y by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised rates per 100,00)

Figure 5.1 Hospital admissions for heart attack among those aged <75y by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised rates per 100,00)

Trends in relative inequalities

Relative inequality levels for heart attack hospital admissions have fluctuated over time. However, despite little change in the last year, there had been a general increasing trend since RII reached its lowest level in 2008.

Figure 5.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII): Hospital admissions for heart attack <75y Scotland 1997-2013

Figure 5.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII): Hospital admissions for heart attack <75y Scotland 1997-2013

Heart attack hospital admission rates (aged < 75) have generally been approximately 2-3 times higher in the most deprived areas compared to the least deprived areas. In 2013, rates are 2.4 times higher in the most deprived areas than in the least deprived.

Trends in absolute inequalities

Absolute inequality has also fluctuated. Following consecutive falls between 2003 and 2007, the gap widened before narrowing slightly in the most recent year.

Figure 5.3 Absolute Gap: Hospital admissions for heart attack <75y Scotland 1997-2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Figure 5.3 Absolute Gap: Hospital admissions for heart attack <75y Scotland 1997-2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

In 2013, the heart attack admission rate in the most deprived areas was 156.5 per 100,000, compared to a rate of 65.1 per 100,000 in the least deprived areas (a gap of 91.4 per 100,000).

The gap was largest in 1997, when the admissions rate was 216.5 per 100,000 and 101.9 per 100,000 in the most and least deprived areas respectively (a gap of 114.6 per 100,000).

Table 5.1: Trends in heart attack hospital admissions (aged <75), 1997-2013

Total admissions Population Rate per 100,000 (EASR)
1997 5,764 4,740,269 145.1
1998 5,676 4,729,975 141.5
1999 5,101 4,721,298 126.6
2000 4,812 4,708,667 118.4
2001 4,776 4,703,661 116.9
2002 4,833 4,701,958 116.6
2003 4,569 4,702,431 109.0
2004 4,413 4,714,233 103.9
2005 4,047 4,735,320 94.2
2006 3,750 4,752,425 86.4
2007 3,549 4,783,452 80.4
2008 3,655 4,811,453 81.7
2009 3,851 4,835,007 84.9
2010 4,377 4,858,058 95.4
2011 4,537 4,888,316 97.7
2012 4,747 4,895,114 100.8
2013 4,697 4,903,074 98.8

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) - deaths aged 45-74 years

Trends in CHD deaths

Since 1997, there has been a considerable decrease in CHD mortality amongst the population aged 45-74 years. The death rate has fallen by 64% to 133.7 per 100,000, the lowest rate in the reporting period (1997 to 2013). However, CHD remains one of Scotland's biggest causes of premature mortality, with around 2,500 deaths occurring in this age group in 2013.

Inequalities in CHD deaths, 2013

In 2013, the CHD mortality rate was 3.4 times greater in Scotland's most deprived areas compared to the least deprived (245.9 compared to 73.3 deaths per 100,000 population).

Figure 6.1 CHD mortality amongst those ages 45-74y by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Figure 6.1 CHD mortality amongst those ages 45-74y by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Trends in relative inequalities

Relative inequalities in CHD mortality grew steadily over time until 2008. Since then they have fluctuated (in the range 1.40-1.52) with no clear pattern. The decrease in 2013 brings RII to its lowest level since 2007.

Figure 6.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII): CHD mortality 45-74y Scotland 1997-2013

Figure 6.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII): CHD mortality 45-74y Scotland 1997-2013

In 1997, CHD mortality rates were 2.8 times higher in the most deprived areas compared to the least deprived areas. Rates have typically been 3-4 times higher in the most deprived areas (3.4 times higher in 2013).

Trends in absolute inequalities

Absolute inequality has reduced over time, with consecutive decreases from 1998 to 2002 and then again from 2003 to 2006. The gap has continued to narrow, and the difference between most and least deprived areas is now around 56% lower than in 1998.

Figure 6.3 Absolute Gap: CHD mortality 45-74 years, Scotland 1997-2913 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,00)

Figure 6.3 Absolute Gap: CHD mortality 45-74 years, Scotland 1997-2913 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,00)

Table 6.1: Trends in coronary heart disease deaths (aged 45-74), 1997-2013

Number of deaths Target population size Rate per 100,000 (EASR)
1997 5,887 1,635,590 372.5
1998 5,675 1,646,711 357.9
1999 5,389 1,658,124 338.9
2000 4,858 1,670,660 303.9
2001 4,483 1,687,422 279.3
2002 4,310 1,706,141 265.9
2003 4,197 1,727,112 256.3
2004 3,840 1,751,037 232.3
2005 3,721 1,774,865 222.3
2006 3,393 1,799,382 200.8
2007 3,374 1,827,320 196.6
2008 3,155 1,856,874 180.9
2009 2,857 1,885,693 160.7
2010 2,811 1,914,226 156.6
2011 2,592 1,941,253 142.6
2012 2,584 1,964,203 139.7
2012 2,515 1,986,202 133.7

Cancer - incidence rate aged under 75 years

Trends in cancer incidence

The number of new cases of cancer incidence among people aged under 75 has continued to increase and, in 2013, was more than 20,500. This is explained in part by Scotland's ageing population.

The age-standardised cancer incidence rate was broadly stable between 1997 and 2005 and, following a period of increase, has generally declined since 2009.

Inequalities in cancer incidence, 2013

In 2013, there were 548.2 cases per 100,000 people in the most deprived areas, compared to 380.3 per 100,000 in the least deprived.

Figure 7.1 Cancer incidence amongst those aged <75y by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,00)

Figure 7.1 Cancer incidence amongst those aged <75y by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,00)

Cancer incidence is more common in the most deprived areas of Scotland. However, this is not the case for all types of cancer.[4] This is driven in part by variations in screening uptake, leading to socially patterned rises in cancer incidence and, in turn, cancer survival for some types of cancer in the least deprived areas.

Of the most common types, the absolute gap between most and least deprived areas was largest for cancer of the trachea, bronchus and lung (2013 rates were 143.9 and 30.9 per 100,000 population in the most and least deprived areas respectively).

Trends in relative inequalities

Changes in the relative index of inequality over time have been minimal and show no clear pattern, fluctuating between 0.29 and 0.40.

Figure 7.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII): Cancer Incidence <75y Scotland 1996-2013

Figure 7.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII): Cancer Incidence <75y Scotland 1996-2013

Incidence rates have typically been 30-50% higher in the most deprived areas in Scotland compared to the least deprived (44% in 2013).

Trends in absolute inequalities

Absolute inequality levels in cancer incidence have fluctuated over time. Rates in both the least and most deprived areas of Scotland have shown no clear pattern stable since 1997.

Figure 7.3 Absolute Gap: Cancer incidence <75y, Scotland 1996-2013 (European Age-Standardised rates per 100,00)

Figure 7.3 Absolute Gap: Cancer incidence <75y, Scotland 1996-2013 (European Age-Standardised rates per 100,00)

The gap was widest in 2004 (rates of 551.1 per 100,000 and 372.9 per 100,000 in the most and least deprived areas, respectively) but narrowed to its lowest level the following year (rates of 509.5 per 100,000 and 379.6 per 100,000, respectively).

Table 7.1: Trends in cancer incidence (aged < 75), 1997-2013

Number of new cases Target population size Rate per 100,000 (EASR)
1996 18,128 4,754,906 452.7
1997 17,167 4,740,269 427.4
1998 17,109 4,729,975 424.3
1999 16,914 4,721,298 417.5
2000 17,138 4,708,667 420.6
2001 17,147 4,703,661 418.9
2002 17,530 4,701,958 423.6
2003 17,574 4,702,431 420.8
2004 18,159 4,714,233 430.3
2005 17,987 4,735,320 421.9
2006 18,167 4,752,425 423.3
2007 18,775 4,783,452 430.8
2008 19,449 4,811,453 439.7
2009 19,999 4,835,007 446.6
2010 20,015 4,858,058 441.9
2011 20,208 4,888,316 441.3
2012 20,296 4,895,114 436.8
2013 20,598 4,903,074 437.7

Cancer- deaths aged 45-74 years

Trends in cancer deaths

The cancer mortality rate amongst those aged 45-74 years has fallen by around 25% since 1996 (from 529.8 to 399.8 per 100,000 population, in 2013). The number of deaths each year has also reduced in this period, from around 8,400 to 7,500.

Inequalities in cancer deaths, 2013

Of people in the 45-74 year age group, those in Scotland's most deprived areas are more than twice as likely to die of cancer than those in the least deprived (642.4 deaths per 100,000 population compared to 270.1 per 100,000 population, in 2013).

Figure 8.1 Cancer mortality amongst those aged 45-74y by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Figure 8.1 Cancer mortality amongst those aged 45-74y by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

As is the case for cancer incidence, inequality levels vary when examining deaths by cancer type[5]. As described in the previous section, variations in screening uptake may lead to socially patterned rises in cancer incidence and, in turn, cancer survival (therefore having a possible effect on mortality) for some types of cancer.

The most considerable differences between rates in the most and least deprived areas are observed for cancer of the trachea, bronchus and lung (261.1 compared to 57.0 per 100,000 population).

Trends in relative inequalities

Relative inequalities for this indicator have continued to increase over time. Despite little variation since 2007, the latest RII figure is the largest in the time series (0.86, compared to 0.68-0.81 in the years 1997 to 2006).

Figure 8.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII): Cancer mortality 45-74y Scotland 1996-2013

Figure 8.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII): Cancer mortality 45-74y Scotland 1996-2013

Cancer mortality rates (aged 45-74) have been approximately two times higher in the most compared to least deprived areas (2.4 times higher in 2013). In 1997, rates were two times higher in the most deprived areas.

Trends in absolute inequalities

Levels of absolute inequality for cancer deaths have fluctuated since 1997. The gap was narrowest in 2010 when rates were 310.3 per 100,000 in the least deprived areas and 615.1 in the most deprived areas. In the last year, the gap increased and now is at its widest level since 2007.

Figure 8.3 Absolute Gap: Cancer mortality 45-74y, Scotland 1996-2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Figure 8.3 Absolute Gap: Cancer mortality 45-74y, Scotland 1996-2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Table 8.1: Trends in cancer mortality (aged 45-74), 1997-2013

Number of deaths Target population size Rate per 100,000 (EASR)
1996 8,402 1,631,224 529.8
1997 8,068 1,635,590 509.1
1998 7,995 1,646,711 501.9
1999 7,904 1,658,124 494.4
2000 7,776 1,670,660 484.8
2001 7,903 1,687,422 489.2
2002 7,850 1,706,141 481.2
2003 7,706 1,727,112 467.4
2004 7,678 1,751,037 460.9
2005 7,606 1,774,865 451.8
2006 7,486 1,799,382 441.3
2007 7,569 1,827,320 439.5
2008 7,536 1,856,874 431.0
2009 7,481 1,885,693 421.2
2010 7,394 1,914,226 411.1
2011 7,428 1,941,253 408.5
2012 7,514 1,964,203 406.2
2013 7,520 1,986,202 399.8

Alcohol - first hospital admission aged under 75 years[6]

Trends in alcohol-related admissions

The hospital admission rate for alcohol-related conditions amongst those aged under 75 years has fallen over time, with an 18% decrease between 1996 and 2013 (289.8 and 236.8 cases per 100,000 respectively).

Inequalities in alcohol-related admissions, 2013

These types of admissions are more than five times as common in the most deprived areas of Scotland compared to the least (503.5 compared to 97.7 cases per 100,000).

Figure 9.1 Alcohol related hospital admissions amongst those aged <75y by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Figure 9.1 Alcohol related hospital admissions amongst those aged <75y by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Trends in relative inequalities

A general downward trend was observed in relative inequalities for alcohol-related admissions between 1997 and 2008 (RII declining from 1.90 to 1.70). Since then, there has been very little change in the RII figure (1.71 in 2013).

Figure 9.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII): Alcohol related hospital admissions <75y Scotland 1996-2013

Figure 9.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII): Alcohol related hospital admissions <75y Scotland 1996-2013

In 1997, alcohol-related admission rates were seven times higher in the most deprived areas compared to the least deprived. For the last seven years, rates have been around five times higher in the most deprived areas compared to the least deprived.

Trends in absolute inequalities

Absolute inequality in alcohol-related admissions has generally reduced over time, and, in 2012, was at its lowest level in the time series. Despite this trend there has been fluctuation, including a slight widening of the gap in the most recent year.

The reduction over the long term in both relative and absolute inequality is largely due to the fall in deaths in the most deprived areas, which have been reducing faster than those in the least deprived.

Figure 9.3 Absolute Gap: Alcohol related hospital admissions <75y Scotland 1996-2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,00)

Figure 9.3 Absolute Gap: Alcohol related hospital admissions <75y Scotland 1996-2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,00)

Table 9.1: Trends in alcohol-related hospital admissions (aged < 75), 1997-2013

Number of admissions Target population size Rate per 100,000 (EASR)
1996 12,787 4,754,906 289.8
1997 12,918 4,740,269 292.6
1998 13,316 4,729,975 300.7
1999 13,217 4,721,298 298.2
2000 12,786 4,708,667 286.6
2001 13,469 4,703,661 300.3
2002 13,492 4,701,958 299.9
2003 12,996 4,702,431 290.0
2004 14,084 4,714,233 312.5
2005 13,346 4,735,320 293.8
2006 13,595 4,752,425 295.3
2007 14,641 4,783,452 313.5
2008 14,222 4,811,453 302.3
2009 12,891 4,835,007 272.9
2010 12,307 4,858,058 258.7
2011 12,264 4,888,316 256.2
2012 11,556 4,895,114 240.9
2013 11,225 4,903,074 236.8

Alcohol - deaths aged 45-74 years

Trends in alcohol-related deaths

Alcohol-related deaths among those aged 45-74 years, which peaked at around 1,900 in 2006, have continued to fall. At 1,435 deaths - a rate of 73.0 per 100,000 - deaths in 2013 are at the lowest level in the reporting period.

Inequalities in alcohol-related deaths, 2013

Despite a continuing decline in alcohol-related deaths, the mortality rate in Scotland's most deprived areas is almost seven times higher than that observed in the least deprived (171.8 compared to 24.9 per 100,000 population).

Figure 10.1 Alcohol related mortality amongst those ages 45-74y by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Figure 10.1 Alcohol related mortality amongst those ages 45-74y by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Trends in relative inequalities

Relative inequalities in alcohol related deaths increased between 1997 and 2002 (RII increasing from 1.88 to 2.23), remained at around this level until 2006 (ranging between 2.10 and 2.23) and have slightly reduced in the years since, despite another peak in 2012.

Figure 10.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII): Alcohol related mortality 45-74y Scotland 1997-2013

Figure 10.2 Relative Index of Inequality (RII): Alcohol related mortality 45-74y Scotland 1997-2013

In 2013, alcohol-related deaths were seven times higher in the most deprived areas compared to the least deprived. The relative range between the most and least deprived areas has fluctuated, peaking in 2002 when death rates were more than twelve times higher in the most deprived areas.

Trends in absolute inequalities

Although alcohol-related deaths in the least deprived areas have remained reasonably static since 1997, there has been considerable fluctuation in the most deprived area deaths.

Despite occasional increases in the intervening years, most deprived area deaths have fallen since 2002. Following three years of consecutive decreases they are now, like absolute inequality levels, at the lowest level in the time series.

Figure 10.3 Absolute Gap: Alcohol related mortality 45-74y Scotland 1997-2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Figure 10.3 Absolute Gap: Alcohol related mortality 45-74y Scotland 1997-2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Table 10.1: Trends in alcohol-related deaths (aged 45-74), 1997-2013

Number of deaths Target population size Rate per 100,000 (EASR)
1997 1,318 1,635,590 81.1
1998 1,415 1,646,711 86.4
1999 1,508 1,658,124 91.5
2000 1,489 1,670,660 89.8
2001 1,565 1,687,422 93.5
2002 1,753 1,706,141 103.5
2003 1,749 1,727,112 102.1
2004 1,764 1,751,037 101.5
2005 1,790 1,774,865 101.6
2006 1,899 1,799,382 106.7
2007 1,801 1,827,320 99.5
2008 1,782 1,856,874 97.0
2009 1,611 1,885,693 86.4
2010 1,674 1,914,226 88.5
2011 1,571 1,941,253 82.4
2012 1,441 1,964,203 74.3
2013 1,435 1,986,202 73.0

All-cause mortality aged 15-44 years

Trends in all-cause mortality aged 15-44

The mortality rate amongst those aged 15-44 in Scotland has reduced from 118.3 per 100,000 in 2006 to 100.1 per 100,000 in 2013. Between 1997 and 2005, the mortality rate ranged between 109.3 and 122.0 per 100,000.

This means there was a total of 1,990 deaths of people aged 15-44 in Scotland in 2013, compared to 2,482 in 2006. The 1,990 deaths in 2013 included 354 probable suicides, 356 drug-related deaths and 35 deaths from assault.

While the rates of probable suicide and deaths from assault in this age group reached their lowest levels in 2013, drug-related death rates almost trebled between 1997 and 2008. In 2013, the drug-related death rate (17.9 per 100,000) is still higher than it was throughout the decade between 1997 and 2006, ranging from 8.9 to 17.1 per 100,000.

Inequalities in all-cause mortality aged 15-44, 2013

The death rate amongst people aged 15-44 years is five times higher in the most deprived areas (199.7 per 100,000) compared to the least deprived (40.1 per 100,000).

Figure 11.1 Mortality amongst those aged 15-44 years by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Figure 11.1 Mortality amongst those aged 15-44 years by Income-Employment Index, Scotland 2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Trends in relative inequalities

Although there was a clear increase in relative inequalities between 1997 and 2001, there has been no clear trend in the years since despite some year-to-year fluctuations.

Relative inequalities peaked in 2011, before dropping sharply in 2012 to their lowest level since 1998. In 2013, relative inequalities increased such that RII is now in line with its level in 2001-2004 and similar to the levels observed in 2007-2010.

Since 1999, death rates have typically ranged between approximately five and six times higher in the most deprived areas compared to the least deprived.

Figure 11.2 Relative index of inequality (RII): mortality aged 15-44y Scotland 1997-2013

Figure 11.2 Relative index of inequality (RII): mortality aged 15-44y Scotland 1997-2013

Trends in absolute inequalities

The absolute gap between the most and least deprived areas in all-cause mortality between ages 15 and 44 reached its lowest level in 2013, with death rates of 199.7 and 40.1 per 100,000 respectively (a gap of 159.6 per 100,000).

The gap had ranged between 183.6 and 219.4 per 100,000 in the years between 1998 and 2011, and has reduced in the two most recent years, following a sharper reduction in death rates in the most deprived areas.

Figure 11.3 Absolute Gap: Mortality 15-44y, Scotland 1997-2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Figure 11.3 Absolute Gap: Mortality 15-44y, Scotland 1997-2013 (European Age-Standardised Rates per 100,000)

Table 11.1: Trends in all-cause mortality (aged 15-44), 1997-2013

Number of all-causes deaths Target population size Rate per 100,000 (EASR)
1997 2,440 2,158,030 116.3
1998 2,507 2,142,787 119.4
1999 2,507 2,129,794 119.0
2000 2,501 2,118,568 118.7
2001 2,509 2,111,242 119.0
2002 2,566 2,102,670 122.0
2003 2,461 2,094,408 116.9
2004 2,409 2,088,563 114.7
2005 2,305 2,091,415 109.3
2006 2,482 2,091,581 118.3
2007 2,461 2,097,902 117.5
2008 2,443 2,096,495 117.5
2009 2,389 2,092,065 115.1
2010 2,229 2,087,635 108.6
2011 2,262 2,092,311 110.8
2012 2,071 2,077,902 102.8
2013 1,990 2,064,867 100.1

Table 11.2: Trends in deaths from assault, drug-related deaths and probable suicides, 1997-2013

Deaths from assault Drug related deaths Probable suicides
Number EASR per 100,000 Number EASR per 100,000 Number EASR per 100,000
1997 56 2.6 196 8.9 518 23.9
1998 65 3.0 227 10.6 526 24.4
1999 86 4.0 274 12.9 529 24.7
2000 60 2.9 268 12.7 541 25.6
2001 63 3.0 289 13.8 531 25.3
2002 76 3.6 345 16.7 539 25.7
2003 71 3.4 282 13.6 456 21.8
2004 78 3.8 311 15.2 475 22.7
2005 50 2.4 277 13.4 436 21.0
2006 83 4.0 350 17.1 435 20.9
2007 54 2.6 392 19.1 453 21.8
2008 53 2.5 477 23.3 480 23.4
2009 47 2.3 436 21.3 432 20.8
2010 54 2.6 384 18.9 423 20.5
2011 53 2.6 454 22.5 420 20.5
2012 37 1.9 416 20.8 375 18.3
2013 35 1.7 354 17.9 356 17.7

Contact

Email: Craig Kellock

Back to top