Labour productivity statistics: 2018 Q2

This release contains estimates of labour productivity for Scotland’s onshore economy up to the first quarter of 2018 (January-March).

This document is part of a collection

Labour Productivity measures the amount of economic output produced, on average, per unit of labour input and is an important indicator of economic performance within a country. More specifically, the statistics estimate output (Gross Value Added, GVA) produced per job filled and hour worked, and are presented in both real terms (inflation adjusted) and nominal terms (current prices).


  • This release contains estimates of labour productivity for Scotland’s onshore economy up to the second quarter of 2018 (April-June). Quarterly movements in labour productivity can be volatile, making short term trends difficult to discern. To aid interpretation, two methods of smoothing out this volatility are presented.

  • On a rolling annual basis to 2018 Quarter 2, comparing the most recent four quarters to the previous four quarters, labour productivity in Scotland, as measured by output per hour worked, increased by 1.3% in real terms (inflation adjusted).

  • Additionally, this release contains a trend-based estimate of productivity growth. This indicates the underlying rate of change during the latest quarter by removing both seasonal and irregular (volatile) movements from the data. It is estimated that the trend in real output per hour worked was flat (0.0%) between the first and second quarter of 2018.

  • This publication also includes estimates of output per job and current price productivity measures (not adjusted for inflation). Experimental estimates of labour productivity for broad industry groups are also available online.


This release reports quarterly and annual labour productivity estimates for the period between 1998 and 2018 Quarter 2 (April-June) covering total output in the onshore Scottish economy. Labour productivity measures the amount of economic output that is produced, on average, by each unit of labour input and is an important indicator of economic performance. Results are calculated in both real terms (inflation adjusted) and current prices (nominal, not adjusted for inflation).

Labour productivity is a derived statistic. This means that it is not directly estimated, but is based on separate estimates for economic output and labour input. Labour input measures in this release are consistent with NUTS1 results for countries and regions published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). Output (gross value added, GVA) statistics are consistent with Scottish Government quarterly national accounts statistics.

Labour productivity statistics: 2018 Q2, tables


If you have any enquiries relating to Productivity Statistics then please contact by:


National Accounts Unit
Office of the Chief Economic Advisor - Economic Analysis
Room 4-WR
St Andrews House
Regent Road

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