Publication - Advice and guidance

Independent advocacy: guide for commissioners

Published: 20 Dec 2013

Advice for commissioners on the provision of advocacy services under the Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003.

52 page PDF

512.3 kB

52 page PDF

512.3 kB

Independent advocacy: guide for commissioners
7. What do NHS Boards and Local Authorities get from Independent Advocacy?

52 page PDF

512.3 kB

7. What do NHS Boards and Local Authorities get from Independent Advocacy?

7.1 Better outcomes for people

7.1.1. Advocacy makes a difference to what happens to people. It leads to a better understanding between individuals and service providers and can lead to greater self-help and independence and better decisions about treatment and services. People feel better about themselves and their situation. People get out of places where they are unhappy, get included in places where they want to be. Advocacy can also have a preventative role, ensuring that the interests of vulnerable individuals are not forgotten so that problems and crises for that person do not arise. Group or collective advocacy can provide information to support commissioners and planners to make sure that support services are targeted, that planning leads to the most efficient use of available resources leading to better outcomes for groups and individuals.

7.2 Intelligence and feedback

7.2.1 Advocacy organisations can provide an alternative source of constructive intelligence and feedback about how well services are meeting the needs of the most vulnerable groups, and inform future needs and priorities while protecting the confidentiality of individuals. This can assist the systems of clinical governance within NHS Boards and of best value within Local Authorities. As well as highlighting quality and problems in current service provision, independent advocacy can inform joint planning for the future.

7.3 Added value

7.3.1 A relatively small investment in independent advocacy can yield significant results. Advocacy organisations engage the skills and commitment of ordinary members of the public. They empower people who are being ignored, giving people the support and information they need to make their own decisions and take more control of their own life. Advocacy organisations also have an interest in avoiding dependence on a single agency, so core funding from statutory sources may be extended through other grants and fundraising activity.

7.4 Constructive challenge to service providers

7.4.1 Advocacy organisations provide a constant challenge to service providers to improve what they do. This challenge may be at least as effective in achieving higher quality as the more formal processes of standard-setting, inspection and regulation.

7.5 Keeping the focus on people who are most at risk

7.5.1 By concentrating on people who are most likely to fall through the net, independent advocacy helps the formal service system to improve the quality of what is provided for people who are hardest to serve. This is the acid test for any service system, and independent advocacy helps keep this on the agenda.

7.6 Designing person-centred services and supporting greater choice and control for

users of services

7.6.1 Advocacy supports the development of person-centred services because it is involves people whose circumstances do not readily fit standard arrangements. By testing the limitations of current services, advocacy can help professionals to redesign and refine the system so that it works better for everyone. Advocacy helps to support greater choice and control for people who use services by providing a voice to individuals at all stages in their support.

7.7 Enabling Carers to be respected as equal partners

7.7.1 Advocacy organisations can support carers to be heard as equal partners with other professionals in the delivery of care and, collectively, in the development of services and support that affect them or the person they care for. Whilst the views of the service user are central, this means that, in line with legislation, the views of carers should be heard and their experience respected by professionals involved. They are a key part of providing support and the term equal partner recognises not only their critical role in sustaining and supporting individuals to remain in their own homes and communities but also their unique knowledge and experience. By supporting carers to be heard and to manage and understand the often complex systems surrounding health and social care, advocacy can help sustain the caring role reduce crisis and deliver better outcomes.


Email: Sandra Falconer,

Phone: 0300 244 4000 – Central Enquiry Unit

The Scottish Government
St Andrew's House
Regent Road