Improving maternal and infant nutrition: a framework for action

Actions which can be taken by NHS Boards, local authorities and others to improve the nutrition of pregnant women, babies and young children.


( 1) Body Mass Index ( BMI) is commonly used as a measure of overweight and obesity, with BMI between 25 - 29.9 defining overweight and BMI 30 and above defining obesity in adults. BMI is calculated by dividing an individual's weight in kilograms by their height in metres squared.

( 2) Reference Nutrient Intake is the intake of a nutrient that is considered to be sufficient to meet the needs of most of the general population

( 3) Small for gestational age results from a reduction in growth of the foetus, commonly caused by placental dysfunction, poor maternal nutrition or maternal smoking

( 4) Low birth weight is defined as <2500g at full term (at or after 37 weeks gestation)

( 5) Enterobacter sakazakii is a microorganism which can cause severe infection in infants e.g. meningitis, necrotising enterocolitis.

( 6) The sub-group defined preparation programmes as any programme of study (e.g. diploma or degree level) that practitioners are required to undertake to become qualified in their chosen profession

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