Growing up in Scotland: change in early childhood and the impact of significant events

Reports on children experiencing parental separation, moving house, parental job-loss and maternal health problems and how these events relate to factors that are known drivers of child outcomes.


Anderson, S., Bradshaw, P., Cunningham-Burley, S., Hayes, F., Jamieson, L., MacGregor, A., Marryat, L. and Wasoff, F. (2007) Growing Up In Scotland: Sweep 1 Overview Report. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive. [Online] Available:
Barnes, M., S. Butt and W. Tomaszewski (2008) The Dynamics of Bad Housing and Impacts for Children, London: National Centre for Social Research. [Online],
Barnes, M., Chanfreau, J. and Tomaszewski, W. (2010). Growing Up in Scotland: The circumstances of persistently poor children. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. [Online]. Available:
Barnes, M., Connolly, A. and Tomaszewski, W (2008) The circumstances of persistently poor families with children: Evidence from the Families and Children Study ( FACS). DWP Research Report No 487. Leeds: Corporate Document Services [Online]. Available:
Barnes, M., Mansour, A., Tomaszewski, W.and Oroyemi, P. (2009). Social impacts of recession: The impact of job loss and job insecurity on social disadvantage. London: NatCen [Online]. Available:
Barrett, H., Chang, Y.-S. and Walker, J. (2010) Improving children's outcomes by supporting parental and carer-couple relationships and reducing conflict within families, including domestic violence. Families, parents and carers research review 2. GB: Centre for Excellence and Outcomes in Children and Young People's Services. [Online] Available:
Bradshaw, P. and Tipping, S. (2010) Growing Up In Scotland: Children's social, emotional and behavioural characteristics at entry to primary school. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. [Online]. Available:
Brewer, M., Browne, J. and Jin, W. (2011) Universal Credit: A Preliminary Analysis. IFS Briefing Note 116. London: IFS. [Online] Available:

Cassidy, J. (1999). "The Nature of a Child's Ties". In Cassidy J, Shaver PR. Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research and Clinical Applications. New York: Guilford Press. pp. 3-20.
Coleman, L. and Glenn, F. (2010) When Couples part: Understanding the consequences for adults and children. One Plus One.
Condon, J.T. & Corkindale, C.J. (1998) "The assessment of parent-to-infant attachment: development of a self-report questionnaire instrument". Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology,16, 57-76

Deacon, S. (2011) Joining the dots: A better start for Scotland's children. [Online] Available:
Deater-Deckard, K., Mullineaux,P.Y., Beekman, C., Petrill, S.A., Schatschneider,S. and Thompson, L.A. (2009) "Conduct problems, IQ, and household chaos: a longitudinal multi-informant study". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 50:10, pp 1301-1308
Dumas, J.E., Nissley, J. , Nordstrom, A., Phillips Smith, E., Prinz, R.J. and Levine, D.W. (2006) "Home Chaos: Sociodemographic, Parenting, Interactional, and Child Correlates." Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 34: 1, pp. 93 - 104

Ermisch, J., Francesconi, M. and Pevalin, D.J. (2004). "Parental partnership and joblessness in childhood and their influence on young people's outcomes." Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A, 167:1, pp.69-101.

Hobcraft, J. and Kiernan, K. (2010). Predictive factors from age 3 and infancy for poor child outcomes at age 5 relating to children's development, behaviour and health: evidence from the Millennium Cohort Study, York University. [Online] Available:

Jones, E. (2010) "Parental relationships and parenting". In Hansen, K., Joshi, H. and Dex, S. (Eds.) Children of the 21st Century: The first five years. Bristol: The Policy Press.

Kelly, Y. and Bartley, M. (2010) "Parental and child health". In Hansen, K., Joshi, H. and Dex, S. (Eds.) Children of the 21st Century: The first five years. Bristol: The Policy Press.
Ketende, S., McDonald, J. and Joshi, H. (2010) "Neighbourhoods and residential mobility". In Hansen, K., Joshi, H. and Dex, S. (Eds.) Children of the 21st Century: The first five years. Bristol: The Policy Press.
Kiernan, K. and Mensah, F. (2010) "Partnership trajectories, parent and child well-being". In Hansen, K., Joshi, H. and Dex, S. (Eds.) Children of the 21st Century: The first five years. Bristol: The Policy Press.

Marryat, L. and Martin, C. (2010) Growing Up In Scotland: Maternal mental health and its impact on child behaviour and development. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. [Online]. Available:
Matheny, A. P., Jr., Wachs, T.d., Ludwig, J.L., and Phillips, K. (1995). "Bringing Order Out of Chaos: Psychometric Characteristics of the Confusion, Hubbub, and Order Scale." Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 16, pp. 429-444.
McQuaid, R., Fuertes, V. and Richard, A. (2010) How can parents escape from recurrent poverty? York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation [Online]. Available:
Millar, J. and Ridge, T. (2008) "Relationships of Care: Working Lone Mothers, their Children and Employment Sustainability" Journal of Social Policy, 38:1, pp. 103-121.
Mooney, A., Oliver, C. and Smith, M. (2009) Impact of Family Breakdown on Children's Well-Being: Evidence Review. DCSF Research Report No DCSF- RR113. London: Department for Children, Schools and Families. [Online] Available:'s+Well-Being%3a+Evidence+Review+PDF&

Parekh, A., Kenway, P. and MacInnes, T. (2010). Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion in Scotland 2010. York: JRF [online]. Available:
Pianta RC. (1992) Child-Parent Relationship Scale. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia.

SG (2010) Tackling Child Poverty in Scotland: A Discussion Paper. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. [Online] Available:
SG (2011) Homes fit for the 21st century: The Scottish Government's strategy and action plan for housing in the next decade: 2011-2020. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government. [Online] Available:
Steele, W. and Sheppard, C.H. (2003) 'Moving can become traumatic', Trauma and Loss: Research and Interventions, Volume 3, Number 1, 2003

Thomas, C., Benzeval, M. and Stansfeld, S. (2007). Psychological distress after employment transitions: the role of subjective financial position as a mediator. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 61, pp. 48-52.

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