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Gross expenditure on research and development Scotland 2019

The latest Gross Expenditure on R&D (GERD) statistics, which present information on research and development performed in Scotland in 2019.

This document is part of a collection


The latest Gross Expenditure on R&D (GERD) statistics, which present information on research and development performed in Scotland in 2019. GERD comprises R&D undertaken by the Business Enterprise (BERD), Higher Education (HERD), Government (GovERD) and Private Non-Profit (PNP) sectors.

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