Publication - Statistics

Gross expenditure on research and development Scotland 2019

Published: 25 Aug 2021

The latest Gross Expenditure on R&D (GERD) statistics, which present information on research and development performed in Scotland in 2019.

Published:
25 Aug 2021
Gross expenditure on research and development Scotland 2019

The latest Gross Expenditure on R&D (GERD) statistics, which present information on research and development performed in Scotland in 2019. GERD comprises R&D undertaken by the Business Enterprise (BERD), Higher Education (HERD), Government (GovERD) and Private Non-Profit (PNP) sectors.