Youth justice: risk assessment management framework and evaluation guidance

An update of the 2014 guidance which outlines the standards and operational requirements for risk practice for children aged 12 to 17.


BMA Board of Science. (2013). Growing up in The UK: Ensuring a healthy future for our children

Boswell, G. (2016). Trauma Experiences in the Backgrounds of Violent Young Offenders

Brady, A. and McCarlie, C. (2011) "Embracing Diversity – Risk Management and Risk Reduction: A Practice Model for Children and young people and the Systems Around Them" in M. Calder (2011) Contemporary Practice With Young People Who Sexually Abuse: Evidence-based Developments Dorset: Russell House

Calder, M. (ed) (1999) Working with young people who sexually abuse: New pieces of the jigsaw puzzle, Dorset: Russell House Publishing (2015). Joint Thematic Review Of MAPPA In Scotland. Retrieved from: [Accessed 24 March 2020].

Care Inspectorate (2017) Serious Incident Review Guidance.

Case, S. & Haines, K. (2016). "Taking the risk out of youth justice". In Trotter, C., McIvor, G. and McNeill, F. (Eds.), Beyond the risk paradigm in criminal justice (pp61-75). London: Palgrave

Centre for Youth and Criminal Justice (2020) National Youth Justice Practice Guidance. Retrieved from:

Committee of Europe (2010) Guidelines of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on child friendly justice. Retrieved from:

Hackett, S., Branigan, P. and Holmes, D. (2019) Harmful sexual behaviour framework: an evidence-informed operational framework for children and young people displaying harmful sexual behaviours. 2nd ed. London: NSPCC.

Herringa R. J. (2017). "Trauma, PTSD, and the Developing Brain". Current psychiatry reports, 19(10), 69. doi:10.1007/s11920-017-0825-3

Hughes, K., Bellis, M., Hardcastle, K., Sethi, D., Butchart, A., & Mikton, C. et al. (2017). "The effect of multiple adverse childhood experiences on health: a systematic review and meta-analysis". The Lancet Public Health, 2(8), e356-e366. doi: 10.1016/s2468-2667(17)30118-4

Jamieson, J., McIvor, G. and Murray, C. (1999) Understanding Offending Among Young People, Edinburgh: The Stationery Office.

Lyons-Ruth, K. (1996). "Attachment relationships among children with aggressive behaviour problems: The role of disorganized early attachment patterns". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, p64

Masten, A., & Cicchetti, D. (2010). "Developmental cascades". Development and Psychopathology, 22(3), 491-495. doi:10.1017/S0954579410000222

McAra, L. & McVie, S. (2010) Youth Crime and Justice: Key Messages from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime Criminology and Criminal Justice 10: 211-230

McCarlie, C and Brady, A (2005) "The Extra Dimension: Developing a Risk Management Framework" in Calder, M (2005) Children and Young People who Sexually Abuse: New Theory, Research and Practice Developments, Dorset: Russell House Publishing

McNeill, F (2009) "Young people, serious offending and managing risk: a Scottish perspective" in Baker, K, Sutherland, A (2009) Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements and Youth Justice, Policy Press

Muncie, J. (2004) Youth and Crime (2nd edn), London Sage

Murphy, Nolan & Moodie (2020) Managing Risk of Harm in the Community: A Guide for practitioners and managers working with children. Retrieved from

NICE (2016) Harmful sexual behaviour among children and young people. Retrieved from

Police Scotland (2015) Community Impact Assessment Requirement Operating Procedure. Retrieved from

(2018) Child Protection- Underage Sexual Activity Requirement Operating Procedure. Retrieved from

Rasche, K., Dudek, M., Otte, S., Klingner. S., Vasic. N,. Streb. J,. (2016) "Factors Influencing the Pathway from trauma to aggression: A current review of behavioural studies" Neurology, Psychiatry& Brain Research 22 (Issue 2) pp75-80. Retrieved from

Risk Management Authority (2006) Standards and Guidelines for Risk Assessment. Retrieved from

Risk Management Authority (2011) Framework for Risk Assessment, Management and Evaluation. Retrieved from:

Risk Management Authority (2013) Risk Assessment Tools Evaluation Directory. Retrieved from https://

Risk Management Authority (2016) Standards and Guidelines for Risk Management. Retrieved from

Risk Management Authority (2018) Standards and Guidelines Risk Assessment Report Writing. Retrieved from

Scottish Government (2006) Report of the Youth Justice Improvement Group Proposals for Action. Retrieved from

Scottish Government (2007) Getting It Right For Every Child: Guidance on the Child's or Young person's Plan. Retrieved from

Scottish Government (2008) Preventing Offending by Young People: A Framework for Action. Retrieved from

Scottish Government (2010) National Guidance for Child Protection in Scotland. Retrieved from

Scottish Government (2010) National Guidance Under-age Sexual Activity: Meeting the Needs of Children and Young People and Identifying Child Protection Concerns. Retrieved from

Scottish Government (2011) Criminal Justice Social Work Reports and Court Based Services Practice Guidance 2010. Retrieved from https://

Scottish Government (2013) Getting it Right for Every Child. Retrieved from

Scottish Government (2014) National Guidance for Child Protection in Scotland. Retrieved from

Scottish Government (2015) National Guidance for Child Protection Committees Conducting A Significant Case Review. Retrieved from

Scottish Government (2016) Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA): national guidance 2016. Retrieved from:

Scottish Government (2020) National Guidance for Child Protection Committees Undertaking Learning Reviews (pending publication at present).

Scottish Government (2018) Every Life Matters Scotland's Suicide Prevention Action Plan. Retrieved from

Scottish Government (2019) Community Payback Order Practice Guidance. Retrieved from https://

The Stationary Office (1968) Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968. Online:

The Stationary Office (1995) Children (Scotland) Act 1995. Online:

The Stationary Office (2010) Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010. Online:

SWIA (2010) Social Work Inspection Agency: Practice Guide – Chronologies. Online:

United Nations Committee on the rights of the Child. (2007). General comment No. 10: Children's rights in juvenile justice. Retrieved from

United Nations General Assembly. (1985). United Nations Requirement Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice.

World Health Organisation (WHO) (1996) Global Consultation on Violence and Health. Violence: a public health priority Geneva: WHO

Worling J and Curwen T. (2001) ERASOR version 2.0, Safe-T Program



Back to top