Exploring the reported worsening of mental wellbeing among adolescent girls in Scotland

Findings from a rapid literature review exploring trends in adolescent wellbeing in Scotland and contributing factors.


Best, P., Manktelow, R., and Taylor A. (2014). Online Communication, Social Media and Adolescent Wellbeing: A Systematic Narrative Review. Children and Youth Services Review, 41, 27-36.

The Children’s Society (2017). The Good Childhood Report 2017. Available at: https://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/what-we-do/resources-and-publications/the-good-childhood-report-2017 (accessed 5th February 2019).

Frith E (2017). Social Media and Children’s Mental Health: A Review of the Evidence. Education Policy Institute https://epi.org.uk/publications-and-research/social-media-childrens-mental-health-review-evidence/ (accessed 5th February 2019).

Garmy, P., & Ward, T. M. (2018). Sleep habits and nighttime texting among adolescents. The Journal of School Nursing, 34, 121-127.

Marengo, D., Longobardi, C., Fabris, M. A., & Settanni, M. (2018). Highly-visual social media and internalizing symptoms in adolescence: the mediating role of body image concerns. Computers in Human Behavior, 82, 63-69.

Mental Health Foundation (2011). Sleep Matters: the impact of sleep on health and wellbeing. Available at: https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/publications/sleep-report (accessed 5th February 2019).

NSPCC (2016). It turned out someone did care: Childline Annual Review 2015/16. Available at: https://learning.nspcc.org.uk/media/1373/childline-annual-review-2015-16.pdf (accessed 5th February 2019).

Ofcom (2017) Children and parents: media use and attitudes report 2017 https://www.ofcom.org.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0020/108182/children-parents-media-use-attitudes-2017.pdf (accessed 5th February 2019).

Office for National Statistics (2015). Measuring National Well-being: Insights into children's mental health and well-being. Understanding Society. Available at: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/wellbeing/articles/measuringnationalwellbeing/2015-10-20#social-media (accessed 5th February 2019).

Paiva, T., Gaspar, T., & Matos, M. G. (2015). Sleep deprivation in adolescents: correlations with health complaints and health-related quality of life. Sleep Medicine, 16, 521-527.

Royal Society for Public Health (2017). #StatusOfMind Social media and young people's mental health and wellbeing. Available at: https://www.rsph.org.uk/uploads/assets/uploaded/62be270a-a55f-4719-ad668c2ec7a74c2a.pdf (accessed 5th February 2019).

The Princes’ Trust (2018). Youth Index 2018. Available at: https://www.princes-trust.org.uk/about-the-trust/research-policies-reports/youth-index-2018 (accessed 5th February 2019).

Public Health England (2018). The wellbeing of 15 year-olds: further analysis of the 2014 What About YOUth? Survey. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-wellbeing-of-15-year-olds-analysis-of-the-what-about-youth-survey (accessed 5th February 2019).

Sampasa-Kanyinga, H., & Lewis, R. F. (2015). Frequent use of social networking sites is associated with poor psychological functioning among children and adolescents. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 18, 380-385.

Scottish Government (2018) A Healthier Future: Scotland's Diet and Healthy Weight Delivery Plan https://www.gov.scot/publications/healthier-future-scotlands-diet-healthy-weight-delivery-plan/ (accessed 5th February 2019).

Scottish Government (2017a). Mental Health Strategy 2017 – 2027. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/mental-health-strategy-2017-2027/ (accessed 5th February 2019).

Scottish Government (2017b). Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey 2015: mental wellbeing report. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-schools-adolescent-lifestyle-substance-use-survey-salsus-2015-mental-9781786529626/ (accessed 5th February 2019).

Scottish Government (2017c). Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey 2015: teenage lifestyle trends. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-schools-adolescent-lifestyle-substance-use-survey-salsus-2015-teenage/ (accessed 5th February 2019).

Scottish Government (2016). Scottish Health Survey 2015 volume one: main report. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2015-volume-1-main-report/ (accessed 5th February 2019).

Segura-Jiménez, V., Carbonell-Baeza, A., Keating, X. D., Ruiz, J. R., & Castro-Piñero, J. (2015). Association of sleep patterns with psychological positive health and health complaints in children and adolescents. Quality of Life Research, 24, 885-895.

Tsitsika, A. K., Tzavela, E. C., Janikian, M., Ólafsson, K., Iordache, A., Schoenmakers, T. M., & Richardson, C. (2014). Online social networking in adolescence: patterns of use in six European countries and links with psychosocial functioning. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55, 141-147.

Whitehead, R. D., Cosma, A., Cecil, J., Currie, C., Currie, D., Neville, F., & Inchley, J. (2018). Trends in the perceived body size of adolescent males and females in Scotland, 1990–2014: changing associations with mental well-being. International Journal of Public Health, 63, 69-80.

Woods, H. C., & Scott, H. (2016). # Sleepyteens: social media use in adolescence is associated with poor sleep quality, anxiety, depression and low self-esteem. Journal of Adolescence, 51, 41-49


Email: socialresearch@gov.scot

Back to top