Aldred, R., Jungnickel, K., 2014. Why culture matters for transport policy: the case of cycling in the UK. J. Transp. Geogr. 0966-692334, 78-87
Altinsoy, E., 2013. The detectability of conventional, hybrid and electric vehicle sounds by sighted, visually impaired and blind pedestrians, Proceedings of the 42 nd Inter-Noise, Innsbruck
Amec Foster Wheeler, 2015. Assessing wider impacts of air quality policy (AQ0961) Final report. DEFRA, London.
Ando, R., Nishihori, Y., 2011. How does driving behavior change when following an eco-driving car? Proc. Soc. Behav. Sci. 20, 577-587.
Andrich, M.A., Imberger, J., Oxburgh, E.R., 2013. Inequality as an obstacle to sustainable electricity and transport energy use. Energy Sustain. Dev. 17, 315-325. doi:10.1016/j.esd.2013.04.002
Barkenbus, J.N., 2010. Eco-driving: An overlooked climate change initiative. Energy Pol. 38, 762-769.
Black, P., Street, E., 2014. The Power of Perceptions: Exploring the Role of Urban Design in Cycling Behaviours and Healthy Ageing. Transp. Res. Procedia 4, 68-79. doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2014.11.006
Boer and Schroten (2007) CE Delft report Traffic Noise Reduction in Europe http://www.cedelft.eu/publicatie/traffic_noise_reduction_in_europe/821
Boriboonsomsin, K., Barth, M., Zhu, W., Vu, A., 2012. Eco-Routing Navigation System based on Multisource Historical and Real-Time Traffic Information. IEEE Transactions On Intelligent Transportation Systems 13 (4)
Börjesson, M., Eliasson, J., Hugosson, M.B. and Brundell-Freij, K. (2012) The Stockholm congestion charges - 5 years on. Effects, acceptability and lessons learnt. Transp. Policy 20 (March), 1-12
Bradbury, A, Tomlinson, P and Millington, A. 2007 Understanding the evolution of community severance and its consequences on mobility and social cohesion over the past century. Proc. European Transport Conference 2007. Association for European Transport
Broken Spoke, 2016. "Beryl's Night". http://bsbcoop.org/what-we-do/beryls-night/ (accessed 07.10.2016)
Brown et al., 2016 "A Systematic Review of Economic Analyses of Active Transport Interventions That Include Physical Activity Benefits." Transport Policy 45:190-208 · January 2016
Buekers, J., Van Holderbeke, M., Bierkens, J., Int Panis, L., 2014. Health and environmental benefits related to electric vehicle introduction in EU countries. Transp. Res. : Part D: Transp. Environ. 33, 26-38.
Cairns S, Sloman L, Newson C, Anable J, Kirkbride A and Goodwin P (2004) Smarter Choices - Changing the Way We Travel Report for Department for Transport
Cairns, S., Behrendt, F., Raffo, D. and Harmer, C. (2015) Electrically-assisted bikes: understanding the health potential. Journal of Transport & Health . Volume 2, Issue 2, Supplement: 17
Cavill, N., Kahlmeier, S., Rutter, H., Racioppi, F., Oja,P., 2008. Economic analyses of transport infrastructure and policies including health effects related to cycling and walking: a systematic review. Transp.Policy15(5),291-304.
The Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights, 2008a. State of the Nation: Other. The Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights.
Clark, J., and Curl A., (2016) Bicycle and Car Share Schemes as Inclusive Modes of Travel? A Socio-Spatial Analysis in Glasgow, UK Social Inclusion ( ISSN: 2183-2803) Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 83-99 Doi: 10.17645/si.v4i3.510
Cristea, T.M., Paran, F., Delhomme, P., 2012. The role of motivations for eco-driving and social norms on behavioural Intentions regarding speed limits and time headway. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 66.
Cycle-BOOM. Design for Lifelong Health and Wellbeing.
Available at: http://www.cycleboom.org/about-the-study/ [Accessed 30 9 2016].
Cycling Scotland, 2015. "2014-2015 Annual report and accounts". http://www.cyclingscotland.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/CS_annual-report2015_WEB.pdf (accessed 07.10.2016)
Cycling Scotland, 2016. "About us". http://www.cyclingscotland.org/about (accessed 07.10.2016)
Cytron, N., 2010. The Role of Transportation Planning and in Shaping Communities, Community Investments.
Czuka, M., Conter, M., Wehr R., 2014. drivEkustik: Acoustic Detectability of Electric Vehicles, Proceedings of the 6 th Congress of Alps-Adria Acoustics Association, Graz.
D'Alfonso, T., Jiang, C., Bracaglia, V. 2016 Air transport and high-speed rail competition: Environmental implications and mitigation strategies. Transportation Research Part A.
Dalkmann, H. and Brannigan, C., 2007, Sustainable Transport: A Sourcebook for Policy‑makers in Developing Cities, Deutschen Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Bonn
De Hartog J., Boogaard H., Nijland H., Hoek G. 2010 Do the health benefits of cycling outweigh the risks? Environ Health Perspect 2010;118:1109-16
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs ( Defra) (2014), Environmental noise: Valuing impacts on: sleep disturbance, annoyance, hypertension, productivity and quiet: https://www.gov.uk/noise-pollution-economic-analysis
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, 2015. 'Air Quality: Economic Analysis'. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/air-quality-economic-analysis (accessed 9.30.16).
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, 2016. 'Emissions Factors Toolkit'. http://laqm.defra.gov.uk/review-and-assessment/tools/emissions-factors-toolkit.html (accessed 9.30.16).
Department for Transport, 2012. 'Transport for everyone: An action plan to improve accessibility for all'. DfT: London.
The Diversity Trust, 2014. Health and wellbeing needs assessment. http://www.diversitytrust.org.uk/system/assets/86/original/SGLOS_report_2.pdf.
European Commission 2014 Commission welcomes Parliament vote on
decreasing vehicle noise
European Commission, 2016. 'Urban Transport Roadmaps'. http://urban-transport-roadmaps.eu/ (accessed 9.30.16).
Fife Coast and Countryside Trust. 2007. 'Usage and Impact Study - Fife Coastal Path. Final Report'. http://fifecoastandcountrysidetrust.co.uk/userfiles/Fife%20Coastal%20Path%20Study%20-%20Final%20Report%20-%20FV%2018%2005%2009.pdf (accessed 9.30.16).
Foster C., and Allender S., (2012) Costing the Burden of Ill Health Related to Physical Activity in Scotland.
Gallagher, K.S. & Muehlegger, E.J. (2008). Giving Green to
get Green? The effect of incentives and ideology on hybrid vehicle
Paper No. RWP08-009.2000, Pages 603-625.
GenderSTE, 2016. Why gender in transportation? [WWW Document]. Why Gend. Transp. URL http://www.genderste.eu/i_transport01.html (accessed 8.31.16).
Givoni, M. and Dobruszkes, F., (2013) A Review of Ex-Post Evidence for Mode Substitution and Induced Demand Following the Introduction of High-Speed Rail, Transport Reviews, 33:6, 720-742
Green, C., Zglobisz, N., De Carlos, A., Kirhensteine, I., Tyrer, D., Esparrago, J., Ma, A., Raha, N., Shrewsbury, L., Connolly, D., Petrie, I., Bounta, S., Shreeve, G., Bent, C. 2015. 'Assessing wider impacts of air quality policy'. London: Defra.
Haines, A., McMichael, A.J., Smith, K.R., Roberts, I., Woodcock, J., Markandya, A., Armstrong, B.G.,Campbell-Lendrum, D., Dangour, A.D., Davies, M., Bruce, N., Tonne, C., Barrett, M., Wilkinson, P. (2009) Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: overview and implications for policy makers. Lancet 2009; 374: 2104-14.
Halden et al 2013. 'Going Smarter. Monitoring and Evaluation of the Smarter Choices, Smarter Places Programme'. http://www.transport.gov.scot/system/files/documents/tsc-basic-pages/SCSP_-_Goingsmarter_-_Final_version_-_Do_not_edit.pdf (accessed 9.30.16)
Hargreaves, K., Preston, I., White, V., Thumin, J., 2013. The distribution of household CO2 emissions in Great Britain. Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
Henry, M., 2013. Why don't more women cycle? [WWW Document]. Sustrans. URL http://www.sustrans.org.uk/blog/why-dont-more-women-cycle (accessed 8.31.16).
Hupert W., and Galilee J, (2015) The indirect health and mental wellbeing benefits of the Concessionary Travel Scheme in Scotland. Journal of Transport and Health. Volume 2, Issue 2, Supplement, June 2015, Pages S56.
International Council on Clean Transportation (2015) Wasted:
Europe's Untapped Resource
Jabben, J., Verheijen, E., Potma, C., 2012. Noise reduction by electric vehicles in the Netherlands, Proceedings of the 41 th Inter-Noise, New York.
JEG, 2010, Urban road charge in European cities: A possible means towards a new culture for urban mobility?, Report of the Joint Expert Group on Transport and Environment on urban road pricing schemes in European cities of the EU Commission, Brussels.
Jochem P., C. Doll, and W. Fichtner. 2016. External costs of electric vehicles. Transportation Research Part D 42:60- 76. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1361920915001467.
Jones A.P., Haynes R., Kennedy V., Harvey I.M., Jewell T., Lea, D. (2008) Geographical variations in mortality and morbidity from road traffic accidents in England and Wales. Health & Place 14 (2008) 519-535.
Karathodorou, N., Graham, D.J. and Noland, R.B., 2010, 'Estimating the effect of urban density on fuel demand', Energy Economics, (32) 86-92.
King K., and Healy S., 2013. Analysing Air Pollution Exposure in London. Report to the Greater London Authority https://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/analysing_air_pollution_exposure_in_london_-_technical_report_-_2013.pdf
Kirkcaldy, 2016. Scotland Hits 2020 Emissions Reduction Target Six Years early https://www.holyrood.com/articles/news/scotland-hits-2020-emissions-reduction-target-six-years-early
Kolosz B., and Grant-Muller S. 2015 Extending cost-benefit analysis for the sustainability impact of inter-urban Intelligent Transport Systems. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 50, 167-177
Lawlor, E., 2014. 'The pedestrian pound. The business case for better streets and places'. Living Streets: London.
Living Streets 2016 Overcoming barriers and identifying opportunities for everyday walking for disabled people. https://www.livingstreets.org.uk/media/1794/overcoming-barriers-and-identifying-opportunities-for-everyday-walking-for-disabled-people.pdf
Lucas, K., 2010. Transport and Social Exclusion: Where Are We Now? WCTR, Lisbon, Portugal, p. 23.
Lucas, K. Pangbourne K. 2014 Assessing the equity of carbon mitigation policies for transport in Scotland Case Stud. Transp. Policy, 2 (2014), pp. 70-80
Lyons, G., Holley, D. and Jain, J. (2008) The business of train travel: A matter of time use. In: Hislop, D., ed. (2008) Mobility and Technology in the Workplace. London: Routledge, pp. 74-86
Mackett, R.L., Achuthan, K., Titheridge, H., 2008. AMELIA: A tool to make transport policies more socially inclusive. Transp. Policy, Decision-support for sustainable urban transport strategies 15, 372-378. doi:10.1016/j.tranpol.2008.12.007
Namdeo, A., and Stringer, C. (2008) Investigating the relationship between air pollution, health and social deprivation in Leeds, UK. Environment International 2008, 34(5), 585-591.
Norwood, P., Eberth, B., Farrar, S., Anable, J., Ludbrook, A. (2013) Active travel intervention and physical activity behavior: An evaluation. Soc Sci Med., 2013;113:50-58
Ozaki, R. and Sevastyanova, K. (2011) Going hybrid: An analysis of consumer purchase motivations. Energy Policy 39 (2011) 2217-2227
Pallas M.A., Berengier M., Chatagnon R., Czuka M., Conter M., Muirhead M. (2016) Towards a model for electric vehicle noise emission in the European prediction method CNOSSOS- EU. Applied Acoustics Volume 113, 1 December 2016, Pages 89-101
Paths for All, 2013. 'Glasgow Health Walks - Social Return on Investment Analysis. Paths For All.
Petrunoff, N., Rissel, C. L.M. Wen L.M. 2016 The effect of active travel interventions conducted in work settings on driving to work: a systematic review. J. Transp. Health, 3 (1) (2016), pp. 61-76
Philip, L.J., Cottrill, C., and Farrington J., (2015) 'Two-speed' Scotland: Patterns and Implications of the Digital Divide in Contemporary Scotland, Scottish Geographical Journal, 131:3-4, 148-170, DOI: 10.1080/14702541.2015.1067327
Popuri, Y.D., Bhat, C.R., 2003. On modeling the choice and frequency of home-based telecommuting. Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, January, Washington DC
Rabl, A., De Nazelle, A., 2012. Benefits of shift from car to active transport. Transp. Policy 19 (1), 121-131.
Rees, A., 2016. Place to place. A web guide updated. About mobility, transport and disabled people in Scotland. , s.l.: Scottish Accessible Transport Alliance.
Renewable Fuels Agency (2008) The Gallagher Review of the indirect effects of biofuels production
Rode, P., Floater, G., Thomopoulos, N., Docherty, J., Schwinger, P., Mahendra, A., and Fang, W. (2014): Accessibility in Cities: Transport and Urban Form. NCE Cities Paper 03. LSE Cities. London School of Economics and Political Science.
Rushton, K., Smithers, R.J., O'Brien, S., Burton, A., Webb, J., Alexander, P., Bates, J., Stewart, R., and Howes, P., (2014) Review and Synthesis of Bioenergy and Biofuels Research. Ricardo-AEA - a report for Defra.
Rye, T., and Mykura, W., 2009 Concessionary bus fares for older people in Scotland - are they achieving their objectives? Journal of Transport Geography 17 (2009) 451-456
Saniul Alam Md, and McNobula A., (2014) A critical review and sssessment of Eco-Driving policy and technology: Benefits and limitations. Transport Policy Vol 35, 42-49.
Scottish Government, 2013a. Low Carbon Scotland - Meeting our Emissions Reduction Targets 2013 - 2027 [WWW Document]. URL http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Environment/climatechange/scotlands-action/lowcarbon/meetingthetargets (accessed 8.30.16).
Scottish Government, 2013b. Reducing the demand for travel: Mobile and flexible working programmes. http://www.gov.scot/resource/0044/00440462.pdf.
Scottish Government, 2014. 'Let's get Scotland Walking. The National Walking Strategy'. http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0045/00452622.pdf (accessed 9.30.16).
Scottish Government, 2016. Scottish Greenhouse Gas Emissions 2014 [WWW Document]. Scott. Greenh. Gas Emiss. 2014. URL http://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-greenhouse-gas-emissions-2014/ (accessed 1.9.16).
Scottish Parliament (2009) Climate Change Scotland Act. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2009/12/pdfs/asp_20090012_en.pdf
Scotland's Census, 2011. Bulletin Figures and Tables. http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/bulletin-figures-and-tables (accessed 9.30.16).
Scotland's Census, 2016. Bulletin Figures and Tables [WWW Document]. Bull. Fig. Tables. URL http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/bulletin-figures-and-tables (accessed 8.31.16).
Senior, 2009 Impacts on travel behaviour of Greater Manchester's light rail investment (Metrolink Phase 1): evidence from household surveys and Census data J. Transp. Geogr., 17 (2009), pp. 187-197
SenterNovem, 2005. Eco-Driving: the smart driving style. Available at: 〈 http://transportlearning.net/competence/docs/Eco_Drive.pdf
Shaw, C., Hales, S., Howeden-Chapman, P., Edwards, R., (2014), Health co-benefits of climate change mitigation policies in the transport sector, Nature Climate Change 4:427-433
Sivak, M., Schoettle, B., 2012. Eco-driving: Strategic, tactical, and operational decisions of the driver that influence vehicle fuel economy. Transp. Pol. 22, 96-99.
Skinner I., Pridmore A., Halsey S., Wilkins G., Barham P., Jones S., Edge V., Lucas K., (2011) Knowledge Review of the Social and Distributional Impacts of DfT Climate Change Policy Options. A report to the UK Department for Transport https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/knowledge-review-of-the-social-and-distributional-impacts-of-climate-change-policy-options
Skerlos, S.J., and Winebrake, J.J. (2010) Targeting plug-in hybrid electric vehicle policies to increase social benefits. Energy Policy 38, 705-708.
Sloman, L., Cairns, S., Newson, C., Anable, J., Pridmore, A., Goodwin, P. (2010) Effects of the Smarter Choice Programmes in the UK Sustainable Travel Towns. A report to the Department for Transport.
Smith, A.C., Holland, M., Korkeala, O., Warmington J., Forster D., Apsimon H., Oxley, T., Dickens, K., Smith S.M., (2015) Health and Environmental Co-Benefits and Conflicts of Actions to meet UK Carbon Targets. Climate Policy, Vol 16, 253-283.
Smith, A., Pridmore, A., Hampshire, K., Ahlgren, C., Goodwin, J., (2017, forthcoming) Scoping study on the co-benefits and possible adverse side effects of climate change mitigation: Final report. Report to DECC. Aether Ltd., Oxford.
Soole D.W., Watson B.C., Fleiter J.J. (2013) Effects of average speed enforcement on speed compliance and crashes: A review of the literature. Accident Analysis and Prevention 54, 46-50.
SPLiCE (2015) Phase 1 Significant evidence gaps on the environmental, social and economic impacts of energy system components. Report by Ricardo- AEA, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Environmental Change Institute, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, University College London ISR and University of Sussex SPRU for DEFRA
Sustrans Scotland, 2016. I Bike [WWW Document]. Sustrans. URL http://www.sustrans.org.uk/scotland/what-we-do/schools-and-universities/i-bike (accessed 8.26.16).
The Gallagher Review (2008)
Transport for London, 2004, Impacts Monitoring Report, Transport for London, London
Transport for London, 2011. What are the barriers to cycling among ethnic minority groups and people from deprived backgrounds.
Transport Scotland, 2016.
Concessionary travel for people aged 60+ or with a
Available at: http://www.transport.gov.scot/public-transport/concessionary-travel-people-aged-60-or-disability [Accessed 30 9 2016].
Tsamboulas, D., 2001, 'Parking Fare Thresholds: A Policy Tool', Transport Policy, (8) 115-124.
Ürge-Vorsatz, D., Tirado Herrero, S., Dubash, N., & Lecocq, F. (2014). Measuring the co-benefits of climate change mitigation. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 39, 549-58
Uttley, J., Lovelace, R. (2016). Cycling promotion schemes and long-term behavioural change: A case study from the University of Sheffield. Case Studies on Transport Policy
Warren, M. (2007) The digital vicious cycle: links between social disadvantage and digital exclusion in rural areas, Telecommunications Policy, vol. 31, no. 6-7, pp. 374-388.
Waygood E.O.D. and Susilo Y.O. (2015) Walking to school in Scotland: Do perceptions of neighbourhood quality matter? IATSS Research 38 (2015) 125-129.
Wells, P. (2012) Converging transport policy, industrial policy and environmental policy: the implications for localities and social equity, Local Economy, 27(7), 747-761
Woodcock, J., Edwards, P., Tonne, C., Armstrong, B.G. Ashiru, O., Banister, D., Beevers, S., Chalabi, Z., Chowdhury, Z., Cohen, A., Franco, O.H., Haines, A., Hickman, R., Lindsay, G., Mittal, I., Mohan, D., Tiwari, G., Woodward, A., Roberts, I., (2009) Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: urban land transport. The Lancet 374:1930e43.
Woodcock, J., Tianio, M., Cheshire, J., O'Brien, O., Goodman, A., 2014. Health effects of the London bicycle sharing system: health impact modelling study. Br. Med. J. 348.
World Health Organisation 2011. Burden of disease from
Wright S., Nelson J.P., Cooper J.M., Murphy S., (2009) An Evaluation of the Transport and Employment (T2E) Scheme in Higher Scotland using Social Return on Investment ( SROI). Journal of Transport Geography 17, 457-467.
Yavuz, N., Welch, E.W., 2010. Addressing Fear of Crime in Public Space: Gender Differences in Reaction to Safety Measures in Train Transit. Urban Stud. 47, 2491-2515. doi:10.1177/0042098009359033
Zarkadoula, M., Zoidis, G., Tritopoulou, E., 2007. Training urban bus drivers to promote smart driving: a note on a Greek eco-driving pilot program. Transp. Res. Part D 12, 449-451.
Email: Debbie Sagar
There is a problem
Thanks for your feedback