Publication - Publication

Offshore wind energy - draft sectoral marine plan: sustainability appraisal

Published: 18 Dec 2019
Directorate:
Marine Scotland Directorate
Part of:
Energy, Marine and fisheries
ISBN:
9781839603785

The sustainability appraisal considers the potential environmental, social and economic effects of the sectoral marine plan, including potential development scenarios and alternatives to them, drawing on information contained in the SEA, HRA and SEIA.

118 page PDF

2.6 MB

118 page PDF

2.6 MB

Contents
Offshore wind energy - draft sectoral marine plan: sustainability appraisal
Footnotes

118 page PDF

2.6 MB

Footnotes

1. Scottish Government, 2013. Draft Sectoral Marine Plans for Offshore Renewable Energy in Scottish Waters; 2013;
Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/draft-sectoral-marine-plans-offshore-renewable-energy-scottish-waters-consultation/pages/7/

2. Scottish Government, 2015. Scotland's National Marine Plan, ISBN: 978-1-78544-214-8.

3. Scottish Government, 2018. Offshore Wind Sectoral Marine Plan Scoping Consultation.
Available at https://consult.gov.scot/marine-scotland/offshore-wind-scoping/.

4. Scottish Government, 2018. Sectoral marine plan for offshore wind energy: context report.
Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/sectoral-marine-plan-offshore-wind-energy-encompassing-deep-water-plan/.

5. Scottish Government, 2018. Sectoral marine plan for offshore wind energy: social and economic impact assessment scoping report.
Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/sectoral-marine-plan-offshore-wind-energy-encompassing-deep-waterplan-options/.

6. Scottish Government, 2018. Sectoral marine plan for offshore wind energy: strategic habitats regulations appraisal pre-screening report.
Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/sectoral-marine-plan-offshore-wind-energy-encompassing-deep-water-plan-9781788519632/.

7. Scottish Government, 2018. Sectoral marine plan for offshore wind energy: strategic environmental assessment screening and scoping report.
Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/sectoral-marine-plan-offshore-wind-energy-encompassing-deep-water-options/.

8. Scottish Government, 2018. Search areas for offshore wind energy: scoping study.
Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/scoping-areas-search-study-offshore-wind-energy-scottish-waters-2018/.

9. The Carbon Trust (2015) Floating Offshore Wind : Market and Technology Review.
Available at: https://www.carbontrust.com/media/670664/floating-offshore-wind-market-technology-review.pdf

10. Statoil (2015) Hywind Scotland Pilot Park - Environmental Statement. doi
Available at http://www.statoil.com/en/EnvironmentSociety/Environment/impactassessments/NewEnergy/IntWind/Pages/HywindScotland.aspx.

11. The Carbon Trust (2015) Floating Offshore Wind : Market and Technology Review.
Available at: https://www.carbontrust.com/media/670664/floating-offshore-wind-market-technology-review.pdf

12. Scottish Government, 2018. Search areas for offshore wind energy: scoping study.
Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/scoping-areas-search-study-offshore-wind-energy-scottish-waters-2018/.

13. Scottish Government (2019) Draft Regional Locational Guidance - Offshore Wind in Scottish Waters.

14. Marine Scotland (2019) Strategic Environmental Appraisal Environmental Report for the Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind, Environmental Report, 2019.

15. Marine Scotland (2019) Habitats Regulations Appraisal Environmental Report for the Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind, 2019.

16. Marine Scotland (2019) Socio-Economic Impact Assessment for the Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind, 2019.

17. Environmental Assessment (Scotland) Act 2005, asp 15 [online]
Available at: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2005/15/introduction (accessed 04/09/2017)

18. Marine Scotland (2019) Strategic Environmental Appraisal Environmental Report for the Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind, Environmental Report, 2019.

19. Marine Scotland (2019) Habitats Regulations Appraisal Environmental Report for the Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind, 2019.

20. Marine Scotland (2019) Socio-Economic Impact Assessment for the Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind, 2019.

21. Amongst other targets, Scottish Ministers have committed to generating 100% of Scotland's gross annual electricity demand from renewable sources by 2020.

22. WindEurope (2017) Floating Offshore Wind Vision Statement - June 2017 [online]
Available at: https://windeurope.org/wp-content/uploads/files/about-wind/reports/Floating-offshore-statement.pdf

23. European Wind Energy Association (2013) Deep water - The next step for offshore wind energy [online]
Available at: http://www.ewea.org/fileadmin/files/library/publications/reports/Deep_Water.pdf

24. ibid

25. Scottish Government (2015) Scotland's National Marine Plan - 11. Offshore Wind and Marine Renewable Energy [online]
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/03/6517/12

26. Carbon Trust (2015) Floating Offshore Wind: Market and Technology Review [online]
Available at: https://www.carbontrust.com/media/670664/floating-offshore-wind-market-technology-review.pdf

27. Scottish Government (2019) Draft Regional Locational Guidance - Offshore Wind in Scottish Waters

28. ibid

29. ibid

30. ibid

31. Scottish Government (2011) Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Report Volume 2 Number 13: Scoping Study for Offshore Wind Farm Development in Scottish Waters [online]
Available at: http://www2.gov.scot/Resource/Doc/363758/0123511.pdf

32. ibid

33. ibid

34. WindEurope (2017) Floating Offshore Wind Vision Statement - June 2017 [online]
Available at: https://windeurope.org/wp-content/uploads/files/about-wind/reports/Floating-offshore-statement.pdf

35. ibid

36. Scottish Government (2013) Draft Sectoral Marine Plans for Offshore Renewable Energy in Scottish Waters - Strategic Environmental Assessment: Environmental Report and Appendix A [online]
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2013/07/2403/0)

37. Scottish Government (2012) Offshore Wind - Regional Locational Guidance - Part 2 - Introduction - Scottish Overview [online]
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning/windrlg

38. Scottish Government (2013) Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Waters - Initial Plan Framework (Draft Plan Options) [online]
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0042/00423948.pdf

39. Moray Offshore Renewable Power (2018) Moray East - The Project [online]
Available at: http://www.morayoffshore.com/moray-east/the-project/

40. Seagreen Wind Energy Limited (2018) Home page [online]
Available at: http://www.seagreenwindenergy.com/

41. Levenmouth Demonstration Turbine (2018) [online]
Available at https://ore.catapult.org.uk/testing-validation/facilities/levenmouth/

42. Forthwind Project [online]
Available at http://ciercoenergy.com/projects/

43. Hexicon AB (2017) Dounreay Trì [online]
Available at: http://www.hexicon.eu/dounreay-tri/

44. 4C Offshore (2017) Kincardine Offshore Windfarm Project Offshore Wind Farm [online]
Available at: http://www.4coffshore.com/windfarms/windfarms.aspx?windfarmId=UK2H

45. Vattenfall (2016) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre [online]
Available at: https://group.vattenfall.com/uk/what-we-do/our-projects/european-offshore-wind-deployment-centre

46. e-on (2017) Robin Rigg East and West [online]
Available at: https://www.eonenergy.com/about-eon/ourcompany/generation/our-current-portfolio/wind/offshore/robin-rigg

47. Scottish Government, 2019. Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind Regional Locational Guidance.

48. OSPAR Commission (2017) OSPAR Convention.
Available at: https://www.ospar.org/convention

49. ibid

50. European Commission (2017) Our Oceans, Seas and Coasts
Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/marine/eu-coast-and-marine-policy/marine-strategy-framework-directive/index_en.htm

51. JNCC (2013) The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North East Atlantic (the OSPAR Convention)
Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-1370 [accessed 09/01/2019]

52. JNCC (2016) EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive
Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-5193 [accessed 09/01/2019]

53. European Commission (2014) Directive 2014/89/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 July 2014 establishing a framework for maritime spatial planning.
Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1579265005281&uri=CELEX:32014L0089 [accessed 09/01/2019]

54. European Commission (2017) Maritime spatial planning
Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/policy/maritime_spatial_planning_en [accessed 09/01/2019]

55. Scottish Government (2015) UK Marine Policy Statement.
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/marine/seamanagement/international/MPS [accessed 09/01/2019]

56. Scottish Government (2017) Marine (Scotland) Act.
Available at: https://www2.gov.scot/Topics/marine/seamanagement/marineact [accessed 09/01/2019]

57. Scottish Government (2017) Marine (Scotland) Act.
Available at: https://www2.gov.scot/Topics/marine/seamanagement/marineact [accessed 09/01/2019]

58. ibid

59. Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, 2009/Chapter 23.
Available at: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2009/23/introduction [accessed 09/01/2019]

60. Scottish Government (2014) Scotland's National Marine Plan - A Single Framework for Managing Our Seas
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0047/00475466.pdf [accessed 09/01/2019]

61. European Commission (2014) Directive 2014/89/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 July 2014 establishing a framework for maritime spatial planning.
Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1579265005281&uri=CELEX:32014L0089 [accessed 09/01/2019]

62. Scottish Government (2014) Scotland's National Marine Plan - A Single Framework for Managing Our Seas
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0047/00475466.pdf [accessed 09/01/2019]

63. Scottish Government (2015) Scotland's National Marine Plan - 11. Offshore Wind and Marine Renewable Energy.
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/03/6517/12 [accessed 09/01/2019]

64. ibid

65. European Commission (2009) Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC.
Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1579265897458&uri=CELEX:32009L0028 [accessed 09/01/2019]

66. European Commission (2014) Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - A policy framework for climate and energy in the period from 2020 to 2030.
Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1579266130971&uri=CELEX:52014DC0015 [accessed 09/01/2019]

67. Scottish Government (2009) Renewables Action Plan.
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2009/07/06095830/0 [accessed 09/01/2019]

68. Scottish Government (2011) 2020 Routemap for Renewable Energy.
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2011/08/04110353/0 [accessed 09/01/2019]

69. Scottish Government (2013) Electricity Generation Policy Statement - 2013.
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2013/06/5757 [accessed 09/01/2019]

70. Scottish Government (2017) Scottish Energy Strategy: The future of energy in Scotland.
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00529523.pdf [accessed 09/01/2019]

71. Marine (Scotland) Act 2010, s. 15

72. Scottish Government, 2018 Offshore wind, wave and tidal energy applications: consenting and licensing manual.
Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/marine-scotland-consenting-licensing-manual-offshore-wind-wave-tidal-energy-applications/ (Last accessed: 17/09/19)

73. Scottish Government (2017) Marine (Scotland) Act.
Available at: https://www2.gov.scot/Topics/marine/seamanagement/marineact [accessed 09/01/2019]

74. Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, 2009/Chapter 23.
Available at: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2009/23/introduction [accessed 09/01/2019]

75. Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997,
Available at: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1997/8

76. Marine Scotland (2019) Strategic Environmental Appraisal Environmental Report for the Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind, Environmental Report, 2019.

77. Marine Scotland (2019) Socio-Economic Impact Assessment for the Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind, 2019.

78. Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Policy Paper, Offshore wind sector deal, Published 7 March 2019
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/offshore-wind-sector-deal/offshore-wind-sector-deal

79. Committee on Climate Change, 2018. Reducing UK Emissions. 2018 Progress Report to Parliament. June 2018.
Available at https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/reducing-uk-emissions-2018-progress-report-to-parliament/

80. National Grid, 2019. Future Energy Scenarios. July 2019.
Available at http://fes.nationalgrid.com/media/1409/fes-2019.pdf

81. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/uk-becomes-first-major-economy-to-pass-net-zero-emissions-law

82. https://www.thecrownestate.co.uk/en-gb/media-and-insights/news/2019-28-gw-of-offshore-wind-extension-projects-to-progress-following-completion-of-plan-level-habitats-regulations-assessment/

83. https://www.thecrownestate.co.uk/en-gb/what-we-do/on-the-seabed/offshore-wind-leasing-round-4/

84. European Wind Energy Association, 2015. Wind Energy Scenarios for 2030. August 2015.
Available at https://www.ewea.org/fileadmin/files/library/publications/reports/EWEA-Wind-energy-scenarios-2030.pdf

85. National Grid, 2017. Electricity Ten Year Statement 2017
Available at https://www.nationalgrideso.com/sites/eso/files/documents/14843_NG_ETYS_2017_AllChapters_A01_INT.pdf

86. Committee on Climate Change, 2018. Reducing emissions in Scotland. 2018 Progress Report to Parliament. September 2018.
Available at https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/reducing-emissions-in-scotland-2018-progress-report-to-parliament/

87. Committee on Climate Change, 2018. ibid.

88. Deutsche Windguard, 2018. Capacity Densities of European Offshore Wind Farms.
Available at https://vasab.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/BalticLINes_CapacityDensityStudy_June2018-1.pdf

89. Scottish Government (2010) Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of Draft Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters: Volume 1: Environmental Report [online]
Available at: https://www2.gov.scot/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf (accessed 20/09/2018)

90. Scottish Government (2013) Planning Scotland's Seas: SEA of Plans for Wind, Wave and Tidal Power in Scottish Marine Waters Environmental Report [online]
Available at: https://www2.gov.scot/Resource/0042/00428212.pdf (accessed 20/09/2018)

91. DECC (2016) UK Offshore Energy Strategic Environmental Assessment OESEA3 Environmental Report Future Leasing/Licensing for Offshore Renewable Energy, Offshore Oil & Gas, Hydrocarbon Gas and Carbon Dioxide Storage and Associated Infrastructure [online]
Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/uk-offshore-energy-strategic-environmental-assessment-3-oesea3 (accessed 20/09/2018)

92. Scottish Government (2019), A consultation on proposals to designate four Marine Protected Areas in Scottish waters [online]
Available at: https://consult.gov.scot/marine-scotland/four-new-marine-protected-areas/ (accessed 07/08/2019)

93. Marine Scotland (2018) SEA of Marine Proposed Special Protection Areas Strategic Environmental Assessment Environmental Report. [online]
Available at: https://consult.gov.scot/marine-scotland/sea-for-15-proposed-special-protection-areas/supporting_documents/Marine%20SPA%20SEA%20%20Consultation%20document%20%20September%202018.pdf (accessed 28/09/2018)

94. Not yet available, for information see
https://www2.gov.scot/Topics/marine/marine-environment/mpanetwork/inshorempas/Management

95. Scottish Government (2016) Wild Seaweed Harvesting Strategic Environmental Assessment Environmental Report [online]
Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2016/11/6869/0 (accessed 01/02/2018).

96. SEA of Proposed Inshore PMF Management Measures Strategic Environmental Assessment Screening and Scoping Report [online]
Available at: https://consult.gov.scot/marine-scotland/priority-marine-features/ (accessed 20/09/2018)

97. Full SEA not yet available, consultation here
https://consult.gov.scot/marine-scotland/deep-sea-marine-reserve/

98. Scottish Government (2019) Draft Regional Locational Guidance - Offshore Wind in Scottish Waters.

99. ABPmer, SQW and RPA, 2011. Economic Assessment of Short-term Options for Offshore Wind in Scottish Territorial Waters.

100. ABPmer & RPA, 2012. Socio-economic Baseline Reviews for Offshore Renewables in Scottish Waters. ABP Marine Environmental Research Ltd, Report No. R.1905 to Marine Scotland.

101. ABPmer & RPA, 2013. Draft Sectoral Marine Plans for Offshore Renewable Energy in Scottish Waters: Socio - Economic Assessment. Report No. R.2045 to Marine Scotland.

102. https://beta.gov.scot/publications/bria-guidance/

103. HM Treasury, 2013. The Green Book.

104. Scottish Government (2019) Draft Regional Locational Guidance - Offshore Wind in Scottish Waters.

105. https://beta.gov.scot/publications/bria-guidance/

106. BVG Associates (2019): Guide to an offshore wind farm, updated and extended, January 2019.

107. Note that offshore multipliers have provisionally been produced but only for oil and gas.

108. These are available at https://www2.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Economy/Input-Output/Downloads/IO1998-2016All [accessed on 17/07/2018].

109. Marine Scotland (2019) Socio-Economic Impact Assessment for the Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind, 2019.

110. Cebr, 2017. The economic contribution of the UK Maritime Sector, A report for Maritime UK.
Available at https://www.maritimeuk.org/.

111. Ports identified as seeing positive impacts are those for where the Ports Handbook includes details of renewable activities that are currently or could be supported, or similar activities such as support vessels for oils and gas, as reported in the Ports of Scotland Yearbook: Maritime Publications Scotland Limited (2019): Ports of Scotland Yearbook 2019, 38th edition.

112. Based on the registered home ports of fishing vessels affected, as a proxy for where employment impacts may be felt.

113. SNH (2017) Visual Representation of Wind Farms Guidance version 2.2 [online]
Available at https://www.nature.scot/visual-representation-wind-farms-guidance


Contact

Email: drew.milne@gov.scot