- 30 Oct 2018
Dourine affects horses, donkeys, mules, zebras and other members of the equid family. It does not affect humans.
The main symptoms are:
- swelling of genital areas or udders and the surrounding skin
- fluid discharge from genitals (in mares)
- lesions or damage to the skin
- stiffness and weakness
- lack of coordination
- inability to move
Dourine is often fatal, although some animals show no signs and recover from the disease.
How dourine is spread
Dourine spreads through sexual contact.
The disease is caused by a parasite which cannot survive outside the animal’s body. The parasite dies quickly in the carcass of affected animals.
Human health implications
There are no human health implications because the disease is not zoonotic.
How to control the disease
If dourine is confirmed, the outbreak will be controlled in line with the contingency framework for exotic notifiable animal diseases.
The main legislation relating to the control of dourine is the Infectious Diseases of Horses Order 1987.
You can help prevent disease by practising strict biosecurity on your premises. Our equine biosecurity guidance outlines practical, day-to-day actions that can be easily adopted in order to reduce the potential for the introduction or spread of disease-causing agents.
If you suspect signs of any notifiable diseases, you must immediately notify your Scotland: field service local office at the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA). Failure to do so is an offence.