Child Poverty Strategy for Scotland - Our Approach - 2014 - 2017

The 2014 revision of the Child Poverty Strategy continues to focus on the same key areas as the Child Poverty Strategy for Scotland, describing outcomes around maximising household resources, improving children's wellbeing and life chances and well designed, sustainable places.


1. Changes to the items used to measure material deprivation introduced in 2010/11 results in a break in series. Data prior to 2010/11 cannot be compared with data for the new indicator.

2. Data for Scotland is not available prior to 1994/95. IFS statistics for the UK show relative child poverty (BHC) in 2011/12 at the lowest rate since mid-1980s.

3. IFS report Child and Working Age Poverty in Northern Ireland over the next decade: an update January 2014

4. Data from Wave 4 of the survey will be necessary to provide robust regional analysis. Four years of data are required for analysis of persistent poverty. A family are considered to be in persistent poverty if they have been in relative poverty for three of the last four years.

5. Family Resources Survey, Scottish Government analysis: In Scotland, the risk of poverty for a household where all adults are in employment is 5%, compared with the national average of 14%, and 56% risk of poverty for households where the head or spouse is unemployed.

6. Family Resources Survey, Scottish Government Analysis: Almost 40% of those in the bottom three income deciles live in households with no employment income (rising to over 60% for those in the lowest income decile). This compares with 5% in the top seven income deciles.

7. Households not in employment include those where adults are actively seeking work, as well as those whose circumstances limit the opportunity to take up employment - such as full time parents and carers, those with a disability which prevents them from working - and those on private incomes.

8. Labour Force Survey Headline Indicators for Scotland: The rate of females in Scotland not in employment and not seeking employment in 2013 was 27.9%. Of these 28.6% were not seeking employment because they were "looking after family/home". This compares with 6.6% of economically inactive men in Scotland.

9. Annual Population Survey Jan-Dec 2012: In 2012 the employment rate amongst female lone parents, aged 16-64, stood at 54.9%, compared to 74.8% amongst all other female parents and 66.8% for all women in Scotland.

10. Annual Population Survey 2012: employment rate for adults with a disability was 45.6% compared to 70.7% for the whole population.

11. Annual Population Survey 2012: The largest group within the economically inactive population is those stating they have a long term sickness or disability. The relative size of this group has reduced slowly from 30.2% in 2008 to 28.5% in 2012.

12. Annual Population Survey 2012: The employment rate for ethnic minorities in Scotland in 2012 was 59.5% compared with 70.6% for the whole population aged 16-64.

13. Workless Households for Regions across the UK, 2012

14. Family Resources Survey, Scottish Government analysis: In 2011/12, over 70% of couples with children living in poverty were in employment. However, only 19% of single parent families living in poverty were in employment.

15. Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings: Between 2010 and 2012, the number of full time jobs fell in Scotland by over 4%. The number of all jobs in Scotland fell by over 3%. Over the same period, earnings from full time employment increased by 2%, while those for part time employment remained largely unchanged in Scotland.

16. Evaluation of the Free School Meals Trial for P1 to P3 Pupils.



19. Economic recovery and growth; Employment; Early years; Safer and stronger communities, and reducing offending; Health inequalities and physical activity; Outcomes for older people.


Email: Welfare Division

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