Caring for our children and young people: corporate parenting update 2018 to 2021

Second national report on corporate parenting by Scottish Ministers. In this 2018 to 2021 report, we provide an overview of corporate parents’ activities over the last three years, and how they have delivered their duties to support children and young people with care experience.


1 A corporate parent is defined under section 56(1) of the 2014 Act as “The persons listed, or within a description listed, in schedule 4 are “corporate parents” for the purposes of this Part (subject to subsections (3) and (4))”. Under section 56(4) of the 2014 Act, the Commissioner for Children and Young People in Scotland and a “post-16 education body” for the purposes of the Further and Higher Education (Scotland) Act 2005 are not subject to comply with any direction issued by the SM about its corporate parenting responsibilities, its planning, collaborating or reporting functions under or its other functions under Part 9 of the 2014 Act

2 Statutory guidance on Part 9 (Corporate Parenting) of the Children and Young People (Scotland) Act 2014 - (

3 Care experienced children and young people’s mental health, Robert Sanders (2020) Iriss ESSS Outline

4 Independent Care Review Evidence Framework, v2.1 (2020) and Beyond_The_Headlines__Homelessness_May_2019.pdf (

5 Looked after children: education outcomes 2018-2019, Scottish Government Statistics (2020)

6 Looked after children: education outcomes 2019-20, Scottish Government Statistics (2021)

7 Section 9 and 10 of the 2014 Act

8 The Children’s Hearings (Scotland) Act 2011 (Rules of Procedure in Children’s Hearings) Amendment Rules 2021 Rule 2(2)

9 Paragraph 6 of Schedule 3 to the Council Tax (Discounts) (Scotland) Regulations 1992

10 Calculation based on Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings: 2017 Provisional and 2016 revised results (ASHE) Median hourly rate of £14.06 (£550 median gross weekly earnings divided by weekly hours worked of 39.1)

11 Coronavirus (Extension and Expiry) (Scotland) Act 2021 Schedule Paragraph 1 continues Paragraph 10 of Schedule 3 to the Coronavirus (Scotland) Act 2020 in relation to foster care upper limit.

12 Regulation 27B of the Looked After Children (Scotland) Regulations 2009

13 Some local authorities provided their response as part of a combined health and social care partnership (HSCP).

14 In March 2020, NHS Health Scotland became Public Health Scotland. As both bodies provided the same survey response, for the purposes of this analysis they are treated as one corporate parent, rather than 2 separate corporate parents. Therefore there are considered to be 7 Special NHS Boards rather than 8.

15 Scottish Government, (2015). Statutory guidance on Part 9 (Corporate Parenting) of the Children and Young People (Scotland) Act 2014:



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